Kitchen Trends Introduced in the 1950s

  • 01 of 09

    Introduction

    1950s Style Kitchen
    1950s Style Kitchen. Guido Cavallini / Getty Images

    1950s-style kitchens have come full circle. In the actual 1950s, of course, they were an innovative and exciting break from kitchens built in the 1930s and 1940s.

    And through most of the 1960s and into the 1970s, a 1950s kitchen was regarded as, well, acceptable. In the late 1970s and beyond, though, people began to roll their eyes at the design hallmarks first made popular in the 50s; and for several decades afterward, it seemed that heavy stone countertops, ceramic floors, and heavy hardwood...MORE cabinets were dominating kitchens---until replaced by polished concrete and metal. 

    Today, though, the 1950s are being seen as more than just a quaint period, but as a perfectly acceptable and fashionable retro style that thousands of remodelers are seeking to reproduce in renovated kitchens. They are especially appropriate for kitchens in homes built during the 1950s--the classic ranch-style rambler, for example. 

    The Fifties Kitchen: A Time of Transition

    As you research what it means to restore a 1950s kitchen, one thing that became clear very quickly is just how many of the features that are standard to modern kitchens were not only found in 1950s kitchens but actually created at that time. The use of space-saving built-in appliances for example, or the use of open floor-plan kitchens, actually got their start in the mid-1950s.

    The following pages will describe some of the hallmarks of typical 1950s kitchens, illustrated by vintage photos showing these elements in their natural settings. 

    Continue to 2 of 9 below.
  • 02 of 09

    Bright Colors, Steel Cabinets

    Fifties Kitchen Yellow
    Mullins/LIFE

    This kitchen shows off Youngstown die-formed steel cabinets in "thrilling yellow," as product literature puts it. The use of bright colors in a kitchen exploded in the 1950s, where bright yellow, bright blue, lime green were almost mandatory. 

    Just after World War II, the steel industry was still in war-production mode, so steel was plentiful and cheap. Hence, many kitchen cabinets were made of sheet metal--a look you can certainly consider in remodeling. Steel cabinets rule the average...MORE kitchen in the 1950s. Particleboard, that staple of cabinetry construction from 1970s onward, had been invented but was not yet in widespread use yet in the kitchen.

    This kitchen shows other innovations of the 50s that have survived today: the wall oven was unheard of before the 1950s, and there was no such thing as an automatic dishwasher, which you can see here just to the left of the stove-top on the right. 

    And speaking of which, a built-in stovetop set into a cabinet countertop is another innovation that would be perfectly acceptable if you are trying to recreate a certain 1950s look. 

    .

    Continue to 3 of 9 below.
  • 03 of 09

    Peninsulas, Suspended Cabinets, Open Floor Plans, "Modern" Styles

    Fifties Kitchen Steel Cabinets
    Mullins/LIFE

    Though pretty much standard fare in today's kitchens, cabinet islands, peninsulas and free-floating suspended upper cabinets got their start in the 1950s. In this photo from Youngstown Steel Kitchens, a subsidiary of Mullins Manufacturing of Warren, Ohio, we again see steel cabinetry but used in a configuration that would be completely fitting even in the most modern of kitchens. 

    And although not widely known, the use of open floor plans actually got its start in the 1950s, though did not...MORE fully gain speed until the 1960s and 1970s. So if you think you are being "modern" by insisting on an "open concept" layout, think again: in some ways, you are a half-century or more behind the times.

    Also common in the 1950s was the effort to evince a kind of space-age, modern look with sleek lines. Paradoxically, this would also be countered by the frequent use of rustic, country styles.

    Continue to 4 of 9 below.
  • 04 of 09

    Built-In Appliances, Powered by Electricity

    Kitchen 1955
    Admiral/LIFE

    Although this kitchen layout was intended to showcase Admiral electric appliances, it does also demonstrate another trend that came into vogue in the 50s.  

    Built-in was a big thing in the 50s, reducing the haphazard jumble of appliances that was standard in kitchens of years past. So here we have a dishwasher snuggled in under the counter and a refrigerator and stove that continue along the countertop line. The wood-look cabinets include a cubby for flour, sugar, and spices.

    Kitchens during this...MORE era began to suck up the electricity, due to great expansion in the power grid and marketing initiatives such as The Gold Medallion House ("Live Better Electrically")--all meant to reward electric use.

    Continue to 5 of 9 below.
  • 05 of 09

    Rustic Woods

    Fifties Kitchen Kelvinator
    LIFE/Kelvinator

    Somewhat unexpectedly, rustic woods for kitchen cabinets also began to come into vogue in the 1950s, including knotty pine as seen in this advertising photo for Kelivinator refrigerators from 1958. Though not yet as common as steel, rustic woods in a modern retro 50s kitchen would not be at all out of place. The trend attempts to create a feeling of relaxed vacation living in everyday life. 

    Continue to 6 of 9 below.
  • 06 of 09

    Resilient Flooring, Laminate Countertops

    Fifties Kitchen Linoleum

    Linoleum is the original resilient flooring material and was introduced in the 1950s. Though it was largely replaced by sheet vinyl in the 1960s and 1970s, linoleum is beginning to make a comeback for consumers who like the fact that it is made from natural materials.

    Almost no feature will more effectively say "1950s" in a retro kitchen remodel than linoleum. It is comfortable underfoot, easy to clean, available in a wide range of colors, and is soft enough not to shatter dishes should...MORE they fall to the floor. Which may explain why it is making a comeback, with more and more homeowners choosing it over ceramic tile, plastic laminates, or sheet vinyl. 

    Another innovation of the 1950s was the widespread use of plastic laminate sheets to make seamless countertop surfaces. Like linoleum, laminate had the advantage of offering many colors and a seamless, easy to clean surface. Virtually all kitchens built in the 1950s had laminate countertops. And of course many kitchens today still use laminates, though ceramic tile, natural stone, and synthetic stone are widely used. 

    One distinguishing feature of many 1950s Formica counters was the metal banding around the edges. Today, laminate counters have laminate strips or rolled edges, but rarely metal banding. So to create a truly authentic 1950s kitchen, consider a metal-banded countertop. 

    Want to create a retro 1950s kitchen?  Look to linoleum and laminates in solid colors. 

    Continue to 7 of 9 below.
  • 07 of 09

    Country Styles

    Fifties Kitchen Country Style
    Fifties Kitchen, Country Style.

    So often, contemporary and sleek lines were the hallmarks of the 1950s kitchen.

    But another popular look is the rural, country style, exemplified here with the rooster, room divider, wood cabinets and exposed iron hinges. This kitchen is likely from around 1952. A kitchen of this style was retro for its time--an attempt to mimic the down-home style that was common before the turmoil of World War II. 

    Country styles are one of the truly timeless styles for kitchens. Combined with appliances and...MORE surfaces that harken back to the 1950s, a retro-50s country-style kitchen is entirely possible. 

    Continue to 8 of 9 below.
  • 08 of 09

    Eat-in Kitchens

    1950 Picture Kitchen

    Another overlooked innovation of the 1950s is the open layout that allowed for a large table in the kitchen for dining. In the 1940s, dining was typically done in a dining room, with the kitchen reserved exclusively for cooking--or at most featuring a small breakfast table.  As shown in this example, a typical 1950s kitchen was a center for dining, too.

    Also note the other typical 1950s features in this kitchen: 

    • Steel cabinets.
    • The refrigerator with rounded-off corners.
    • L-shaped footprint.
    • Red...MORE linoleum floor with contrasting green tile on backsplash.
    Continue to 9 of 9 below.
  • 09 of 09

    Space-Saving Innovations

    1950 Kitchen Breakfast Nook
    1950 Kitchen Breakfast Nook.

    Another aspect of 1950s-style kitchen is the maximizing of space with clever solutions: lazy Susans, roll-out garbage cans, and here, the breakfast nook. This example is quite small, but it was the 1950s in which kitchens began to feature built-in dining booths and breakfast nooks--features not at all uncommon in today's modern kitchens.