5 Different Types of Room Dividers and How to Choose One

Room Divider Ideas to Separate Your Space

An accordion room divider separating a living room and a dining room

The Spruce / Jason Donnelly

A room divider is a quick, inexpensive, decorative, and impermanent wall for your home that typically provides visual screening between rooms or divides a large room into smaller areas. Dividers can help you get the most out of your space: They can give you privacy where you need it but where you don't want to build a wall. Room dividers can also clearly section off spaces, adding functionality to your home without the need for wall construction. Room dividers are the cheapest way to divide a room, but they can also be used for decorative purposes or as a way to help you partition an open space for a more usable layout.

Room dividers come in all designs, sizes, materials, and heights. Some go from floor to ceiling while others may just come up to the top of your head. The basic types of room dividers include folding and freestanding designs, hanging versions in various materials, and bookcase styles.

Below, we’ll break down the five basic types of room dividers and what you should consider when choosing which is best for your needs and space.


Click Play to See DIY Room Divider Ideas to Use in Your Home


A common room divider is the Japanese-inspired shoji screen, which is made from translucent material, such as rice paper, inserted into panels as a way to allow diffused light into a room. You'll find shoji screens in many forms, from freestanding floor dividers to hanging panels.

  • 01 of 05

    Folding or Accordion Divider

    Room divider living room


    KatarzynaBialasiewicz / Getty Images

    Best for: Larger spaces, quick set-up, and mobility

    Folding dividers are made with multiple tall panels made of fabric or other materials connected by hinges that allow them to fold to varying degrees. They require no installation; unfold them and you're ready to go. It's as simple as folding up the divider and putting it in the moving truck if moving homes. Also called accordion dividers, this type of freestanding divider does not attach to your residence in any way, but sits directly on your floor.

    A folding divider may have a long and wide footprint. Typically they are thick, sometimes up to 12 inches when unfolded, because they need to have a stable frame to stand. If you have limited space, you may not be able to fit a folding divider. In addition, the slightest gust of wind or a bump can tip even a substantial folding divider. Straightening the panels by reducing the accordion effect can help broaden the privacy footprint in a larger space.

    These types of dividers are great DIY projects, but if you prefer to buy them, they are typically cheap room dividers, depending on the length and material you choose. They also cost less because you don't need any installation equipment to put them up.

    • Easy to adjust and move around

    • Adds a decorative element to a room

    • Many models cover a good amount of space

    • Not great for limited spaces

    • Tendency to nearly topple if bumped

    • May look awkward in a space

  • 02 of 05

    Hanging Solid Divider

    Kernov Room Divider

    Best for: Decorative use

    Hanging dividers are panels made from acrylic, resin, light wood, or other solid materials that hang from the ceiling and can slide open or closed to give you varying degrees of privacy and light. Hanging room dividers from the ceiling will require some type of ceiling hardware. Some hanging systems may need only two screws attached to the ceiling in many cases.

    At the bottom of the panels, the dividers may attach to the floor to prevent or minimize panel movement. Weighted panels may still sway to some degree, and items such as ceiling fans, can accentuate the movement. This type of room divider can cost more than freestanding floor dividers because they not only require ceiling hardware, but the panels may be heavier or larger, depending on the design.

    • Decorative materials

    • Lightweight

    • Allow light into a space when needed

    • Tendency to sway

    • Typically track installation

    • Minimum privacy

  • 03 of 05

    Hanging Fabric or Paper Curtain

    Fabric Wall Divider

    Best for: Long expanses of privacy

    Room dividers that are made of fabric or paper act more like curtains that divide a space. This type of divider may be less physically substantial and sometimes most affordable, yet other times they can be heavy-duty and costly depending on the material. However, the complexity of the rod or ceiling track system that you need for installation will add to the cost of the divider. For example, a curtain room divider made from thick velvet fabric requires a heavy-duty rod or track system to hold it up.

    Often, these types of room dividers can be ganged for long expanses of privacy. But they can be easily opened or closed. Curtain or paper dividers can be hung from hanging systems that can be either a ceiling track with hooks or from a long pole that attaches to opposite walls, just like window curtains.

    • Easily ganged for length

    • May muffle sound depending on material

    • Good visual privacy with heavier fabric

    • Paper or thin fabric can rip

    • May billow in breeze

    • Needs frequent vacuuming, cleaning

  • 04 of 05

    Bookcase Room Divider

    Tall bookcase used as a room divider

    Pickawood / Unsplash

    Best for: A quick, solid fix that doubles as storage space

    A bookcase room divider is a highly functional fix that is essentially a piece of furniture. You may already have a tall shelf that you can move into place to act as a room divider. This type of privacy solution is a perfect divider and storage piece that holds books, curios, pictures, artwork, ceramics, and more. The divider can also offer some sound-blocking abilities if you fill it solidly with books.

    Few bookcase-style dividers will extend close to the ceiling, which may leave a large gap at the top unless you fill it with items, such as plants. Tall, narrow bookcases may be prone to falling and need to be stabilized and secured to an adjacent wall with anchors or brackets if possible to eliminate any problems. If you choose to buy a bookcase-style divider, look for second-hand options or expect higher price tags at a retailer.

    • May muffle some sound

    • Functions also as a storage space

    • Can be ganged for length

    • Prone to falling if not secured

    • Can be expensive

    • May not be tall enough to offer full privacy

    Continue to 5 of 5 below.
  • 05 of 05

    Freestanding Straight Panel Room Divider

    Room divider living room


    KatarzynaBialasiewicz / Getty Images

    Best for: Snug spaces that need privacy

    Freestanding straight panel room dividers are like folding dividers, but they have framed panels of fabric or other materials . The frames usually sit on legs that stabilize the piece. These types of dividing systems can be very thin and fit easily between two items or into small spaces because they take up less space than freestanding accordion-style dividers.

    Some models of panel room dividers allow you to add panels if needed for larger spaces or additional privacy walls. Typically these panels are frames of plastic, PVC, or metal that have fabric or another type of stiffer material inserted into the frame to provide privacy. Straight panel room dividers may be as affordable as accordion-style ones since they do not need any installation equipment.

    • Relatively inexpensive

    • Good for small spaces

    • Easy to move

    • No real sound barrier

    • Typically rather short

    • May look awkward in a space

Choosing a Room Divider

The most important part of choosing a room divider is making sure it will fit. Measure what length and height divider you will need. In addition, measure your ceiling height so you don't end up with too tall or too short a divider. When considering where to put the divider, consider the stability of the piece. You may want to invest in anchors, room divider stands, or anti-tip furniture straps to ensure your family's safety.

But, as with any piece of furniture, you need to consider a few other things before buying. Keep in mind the complexity of the installation hardware when choosing a hanging room divider. Decide whether you want the screen to diffuse light or if you prefer an opaque divider. Lastly, think about if you want a divider that's easy to open and close or if you prefer that it stays static and tethered in place.

  • How do you split a bedroom into two rooms?

    One of the best ways to achieve splitting a bedroom into two rooms is by hanging a room divider curtain from the ceiling to the floor. The fabric can help muffle noise, as well. Another good option is to split a room in two with floor-to-ceiling bookcases or furniture that can create a thicker room divider screen.

  • What else is a room divider called?

    Sometimes a room divider will also be called a partition, screen, or panel.

  • How do I keep my room divider from falling over?

    In addition to adding straps and stabilizing brackets or stands, you can keep a freestanding or folding room divider from falling over by using other pieces of furniture to help secure and prop it up from one or both sides. If you have a freestanding divider on wheels, it also helps to check and see if you can lock the wheels to prevent movement that could cause tipping.