There are many different ways to clean fine jewelry at home. Arguably one of the most effective methods for cleaning diamond jewelry involves the use of ammonia. However, you must proceed with caution. Though ammonia will make your diamonds shine, it is also one of the riskier jewelry cleaning methods to use.
Prolonged or excessive use of ammonia can damage and discolor your metal, wear down your gemstones, and make fracture-filled diamonds appear cloudy. It is best to proceed only with natural diamond jewelry that has diamonds that are not fracture filled or damaged. This method will also work with gold or silver jewelry that have no stones at all.
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Create a Solution
Create a solution with 1 part ammonia to 6 parts lukewarm water.
Err on the side of caution with this mixture because a little bit of ammonia goes a long way. Some people say to create a solution that uses one part ammonia to one part water, but this solution is too strong and could eventually discolor or damage your gold.
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Gently Brush Your Jewelry
Gently but thoroughly brush your jewelry with a soft-bristled toothbrush.
After the jewelry has soaked for 10 minutes, take out your jewelry and gently brush any grime away with the softest bristle toothbrush you can find. Be sure to pay special attention to behind the stones where dirt and grime get built up and prevent your diamonds from shining.
Don't brush too aggressively or you run the risk of loosening your diamond or scratching the metal.Continue to 5 of 8 below.
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Remove Tarnish if Necessary
For very dirty jewelry, repeat steps 1 and 2 with a different solution that helps with tarnished metal.
Mix a solution of 6 parts lukewarm water to 1 part ammonia. In addition to the ammonia, also add a few drops of mild dish detergent like Dawn and mix together until soapy. The addition of the dish detergent will help remove any built up tarnish on the gold or silver jewelry.
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Rinse With Cool Water
Pat dry with clean lint-free cloth. Allow your jewelry to dry fully before you store it away.