Apartment Security Deposit Laws by State

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One of the big expenses you'll need to budget for when looking for an apartment is paying a security deposit. This deposit may be as much as one or even two times the amount of your monthly rent. Although you should get your security deposit back after you move out of your apartment (if all goes well), you won't be able to touch that money for as long as you occupy your rental.

Purpose of a Security Deposit

The main purpose of a security deposit is to give your landlord an easy way to collect from you in case you cause sizable damage to your apartment while living there. Also, since tenants know that their landlord is holding this money, the security deposit may serve as an incentive to keep your place in good shape and leave it in broom-clean condition.

Security Deposit Questions

Tenants often have questions about their security deposit.

For example, before you sign a lease, you may want to know how much you'll need to pay for a deposit and whether you're entitled to any interest on the amount you pay. Later, when your tenancy is coming to an end, you'll no doubt want to know what you need to do to get your security deposit back in full and how long you'll need to wait.

The answers to these questions vary based on where you live. Every state, as well as the District of Columbia, has its own laws spelling out tenants' and landlords' rights and responsibilities when it comes to handling security deposits. Taking a moment to get familiar with security deposit basics in your state will help ensure you don't pay more than you need to, you get your security deposit back in full and on time, and avoid unpleasant surprises. If you're planning on moving to a different state, it's also a good idea to check the laws of that state to see if security deposits are handled differently from what you're used to.

State Laws

Click on your state below to learn the answers to frequently asked questions about security deposit law:

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming