Basic White Bread Recipe for Beginners

Slices of white bread
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  • 3 hrs 45 mins
  • Prep: 3 hrs,
  • Cook: 45 mins
  • Yield: 2 loaves (12 servings)
Ratings (35)

An easy bread recipe that's perfect for beginners, this basic white bread recipe will make two delicious loaves. Once you discover just how easy it is to make fresh, homebaked bread, it will quickly become a staple at your dinner table and it makes a great sandwich bread.

This recipe uses all the basic bread ingredients: flour, milk, water, yeast, sugar, and salt. It takes just about 20 minutes to prepare the dough, then an hour wait to allow the dough to rise. After a final kneading and shaping of your loaves, a second rise takes place before it's baked.

Your finished bread can be served fresh out of the oven or frozen for later use. Because it is such a basic recipe, you can also experiment with it by adding a cup of raisins, nuts or other flavorings.

What You'll Need

  • 1 cup milk
  • 2 tablespoons butter
  • 1/2 cup warm water
  • 2 packages (1 tablespoon or 1/2 ounce) 
  • active dry yeast
  • 2 tablespoons sugar
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • 1 cup of warm water
  • 6-7 cups of unbleached bread flour (approximately)

How to Make It

Prepare the Bread Dough

Mix the ingredients to form the dough, which takes about 10 to 15 minutes.

  1. Heat 1 cup of milk and 2 tablespoons of butter in a small saucepan over medium heat. Remove from the heat when the butter is melted and set aside to cool.
  2. Pour 1/2 cup of warm water into a small bowl. Slowly pour the yeast into the bowl while stirring. The constant stirring while adding the yeast will prevent it from clumping. Set the bowl of yeast water aside for about 5 minutes while you work on the next two steps.
  1. In a large bowl, add the sugar, salt and 1 cup of warm water. Mix well.
  2. Check the saucepan of milk and butter. If the contents are warm to the touch, pour the liquid into the large bowl and mix.
  3. Pour the yeast water into the large bowl. It is important that the batter is warm, not boiling hot. Hot liquid, such as the milk you heated up, will kill the dry yeast and prevent the bread from rising.
  4. Begin mixing in the unbleached bread flour, one cup at a time. By the fifth cup of flour, the dough will begin to get stiff and it will be difficult to mix it with a wooden spoon.

Knead the Dough and Wait for It to Rise

Next, comes the hands-on part of making dough. This is where things can get a little messy, so don't wear your best clothes and be sure to remove your rings before kneading. 

  1. Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured board and begin to knead the dough.
  2. Continue adding more flour - a couple tablespoons at a time - and knead the flour into the dough until the dough is smooth and no longer sticky. How much flour you use will depend on many factors, including the temperature, humidity and altitude of your home. It's likely that you will not use all 6 or 7 cups.
  3. Grease a large bowl with butter, shortening or oil (the bowl should be 2 to 3 times the size of your dough). Place the bread dough into the bowl and then turn the dough over so that the top of the dough is also greased.
  4. Cover the bowl with a clean kitchen towel and let the dough rise at room temperature until it has doubled in size (about 1 hour).

Kneading and Shaping the Loaves

In the next steps, your bread will begin to take shape into loaves. 

  1. Punch down the dough.
  2. Turn it out onto a floured board and knead out all the bubbles for about 5 minutes.
  3. Divide the dough in half and form each half into a loaf by rolling the dough into a rectangle.
  4. Roll the dough up like a jellyroll.
  5. Pinch the seam closed, then pinch and tuck the edges under the loaf.

Final Proofing and Baking the Bread

"Proofing" is bread baker's term for allowing the bread dough to rise. This is the last stage of the process before the shaped loaves go into the oven. 

  1. Preheat the oven to 375 F.
  2. Grease two loaf pans. Spread a light layer of yellow cornmeal on the loaf pans, if desired.
  3. Set the loaves in the pans. Cover with a kitchen towel and allow the dough to rise until it has doubled in size (about 30 minutes).
  4. Bake the bread for about 45 minutes or until the crust is golden brown.
  5. Remove the bread from the oven and turn out the loaves onto a rack or a clean kitchen towel.
  6. Allow the bread to cool before cutting.