Once upon a time, standard bathroom countertops were either ceramic tile, plastic laminate, or a material that was regarded as somewhat innovative for the time—so-called cultured marble. Cultured marble wasn't marble at all (or granite, or onyx), but instead was a dreary blend of crushed limestone held together with plastic resins. Thankfully, this early form of engineered stone has largely vanished in favor of products that look and perform much better. Laminates and ceramic tile, though, still remain as popular bathroom countertop materials, although today's versions don't look much like laminates and tile that you remember from your parents' or grandparents' homes.
While it's possible to find a bathroom countertop made from a very unusual material, such as stainless steel or wood, most of today's bathroom countertops consist of one of these seven different materials.
If your vision of laminate countertops is that of the ugly, metal-edged laminates of yore, you need to spend a little time looking at new products from Formica, Wilsonart, or other top manufacturers. The look has evolved so much that laminates can fool you into thinking they are granite, wood, marble, leather, or even stainless steel.
Laminate countertops are made from layers of plastic that are bonded to a particleboard (MDF) core to create a solid countertop surface. Countertops are available in stock pieces that can be cut and fit by anyone, or they can be custom-made by fabricators who can make a countertop to your specifications from a designer laminate, giving it custom edges and other designer features.
- Laminates are a very inexpensive countertop material.
- A huge range of colors and patterns is available.
- Prefabricated countertops are very friendly to DIY installation.
- Custom styles are not DIY-friendly, requiring a custom fabricator.
- Laminate countertops are lightweight, without the substantial "heft" of other materials.
- Laminate is often regarded as a bargain, low-cost material.
Purchased off the shelf, prefabricated laminate countertop material costs $10 to $30 per square foot. Custom made by a fabricator, expect to pay $40 to $65 per square foot. Laminate countertops are best for guest bathrooms or powder rooms but are not the best choice for master baths or other places where style is important. They can also serve as a "quick fix" where you need to redecorate a bathroom quickly, such as when staging your home for sale.
Ceramic, porcelain, or glass tiles are traditional countertop materials often seen in traditional decor, but they are also used in trendy, modern styles thanks to recent innovations, especially with porcelains. Traditional ceramic tiles are made of clay with a surface glaze; they are heated by fire to harden them. Porcelain is a type of ceramic that features finer clays fired under higher temperatures. Porcelain is a harder and denser material that is excellent for floors and countertops. Porcelain can authentically mimic other materials, such as wood or even leather, giving you many design options.
Although glass tiles are not technically ceramics, they are installed in much the same way as ceramic tile and offer even more design and style options.
- Installing ceramic tile is a fairly easy DIY project.
- Tile is relatively affordable among the "premium" countertop options.
- Hundreds of design options are available.
- Tile is brittle and may crack under impact.
- Grout lines can easily stain and discolor, requiring periodic cleaning and resealing.
Ceramic and porcelain tiles come in a wide range of costs, with materials alone running from less than a dollar per square foot to $200 or more for hand-crafted artisan tiles. In general, expect to pay $2 to $15 per square foot if you are installing your own tile countertop. For professional installation, costs are typically about $35 to $40 per square foot.
Ceramic and porcelain tiles are a good choice where you want to save money on a quality countertop by doing the work yourself.
Made from a blend of acrylic and polyester particles bonded together with resins, solid surface materials are generally formulated to resemble stone and can be shaped into a variety of shapes, including all-in-one countertops with sink basins integrated into them. Dozens of different colors and styles are available from many manufacturers, including Corian, Silestone, Swanstone, and others. These newer generation "faux stone" countertops have largely replaced the so-called "cultured marble" plastic countertops that once dominated the bathroom countertop market. Once regarded as a premium building material, solid-surface now occupies a middle tier between laminate at the lower end, and natural stone and quartz at the upper end.
- Solid-surface material can be shaped into seamless countertops that include integrated sink basins.
- Material is easy to care for, resists stains, and can be easily repaired by sanding.
- Coloring and pattern are very consistent—there is no problem matching pieces.
- The "stone-look" appearance is somewhat artificial—the look is less elegant than natural stone.
- There is no DIY option—solid surface materials are not available for sale to homeowners.
- Solid-surface material can scorch under the heat of curling irons.
Solid surface materials typically cost $45 to $75 per square foot, fabricated and installed to your specifications. These countertops are excellent in heavy-use bathrooms, such as those used by children. They can also be a good choice where you want a quick solution to redecorating a bathroom in preparation for home sale.
Natural stone of all types is regarded as a step above ceramic or porcelain tile as a countertop material. Many different types of stone are used, including slate, soapstone, limestone, travertine, marble, onyx, and granite. A natural stone bathroom countertop usually consists of a thick solid slab with openings cut for the sinks, but stone countertops can also be created with tiles laid in much the same fashion as ceramic tile countertops. Each type of stone has its own set of pros and cons.
- Slate. This is a good hard countertop material that resists stains since it is less porous than granite or marble. Colors are uniform shades of gray, black, or green. Costs range from $50 to $75 per square foot for solid slabs.
- Soapstone. A milky stone with subtle veining. Colors are typically shades of white or gray. This is another non-porous stone that is easier to care for than granite or marble. Solid slab countertops typically cost $70 to $100 per square foot.
- Limestone/travertine. Somewhat rare for bathrooms, limestone and its close relative, travertine, are relatively porous stones that need to be carefully and repeatedly sealed when used in countertops. Although slabs can be purchased, many limestone or travertine countertops are made from tiles. Costs for slab countertops run $60 to $80 per square foot.
- Marble. A heavily veined metamorphic stone, marble is one of the most beautiful of all natural stones, available an almost infinite variety of colors and patterns. Marble is a relatively soft, porous stone that needs to be sealed every year or two. Solid slab marble countertops typically cost $100 to $200 per square foot, but they offer an elegance unmatched by other countertop materials.
- Granite. Although similar to marble, granite is more likely to have flecks of varying colors in it, with less veining than is seen with marble. Granite is the most popular natural stone for countertops, thanks to its availability and diversity. Slab countertops typically cost $75 to $175 per square foot.
- Natural stone is a premium building material that sends a message of luxury.
- Granite and marble countertops are entirely unique, with no two countertops looking alike.
- Most natural stone requires period sealing and more maintenance when compared to ceramic tile and engineered stone.
- Stone is considerably more expensive than many other countertop materials.
Opt for natural stone whenever you want your bathroom to send a message of luxury. Natural stone is a good choice for a master bath, but may not be suitable for family baths that get lots of use.
Although it might not be your first choice for a countertop surface, concrete has become a very popular trend in countertops. As a countertop material, concrete is not the rough gray slab found in sidewalks but is more typically a stained, highly polished surface that may even be texturized. Some installers even embed tile, stone, or bits of polished glass into the surface during fabrication.
- Concrete is a very "on-trend" countertop material—it is usually a strong selling point for a home.
- Countertops are very durable and strong.
- There is no DIY option—concrete countertops must be fabricated and installed by pros.
- Repair is not usually an option—if cracks do occur, the only option is a replacement.
- Countertops require a specialized contractor familiar with fabricating them.
Concrete countertops are one of the more expensive options—expect to pay $75 to $150 per square foot, fabricated and installed. They are a good choice where you want to make a special design statement, and can also serve well for heavy-use family bathrooms.
Countertops made of crushed glass are a relatively new introduction, but they are steadily becoming more popular. These countertops are made from recycled crush glass embedded in either clear acrylic or concrete. These uniquely beautiful countertops are striking to look at, and they lend a bathroom a trendy designer appeal. Because they are typically custom fabricated, no two crushed glass countertops look the same. They can be either traditional in appearance, or extremely modern, depending on the glass used in them
- These are tough, strong countertops, especially those formulated with acrylic.
- Acrylic-based types are very easy to clean.
- A wide variety of looks are available.
- Types using concrete can be brittle.
- Where cracks appear (more likely with concrete), the countertops cannot be repaired.
- Concrete types can be easily stained if they are not periodically sealed.
Crushed glass countertops typically cost $50 to $100 per square foot, installed. They are best reserved for upper-end bathrooms where style is important.
Quartz countertops are not solid quartz but are instead an engineered stone product made from about 90 percent ground-up quartz and other stone minerals, blended with resins and pigments and shaped into countertop slabs. A variety of styles are available, some of which are nearly indistinguishable from natural stone slabs. These countertops are often sold with integrated sink basins built into them. Major manufacturers of quartz countertops include Dupont Zodiaq and Cambria.
- Engineered quartz can be formed into many shapes, such as countertops with integrated sink basins.
- Many colors and styles are available.
- Coloring is more uniform than with natural stone.
- These countertops are stronger and less brittle than natural stone slab countertops.
- Because they are less porous than natural stone, quartz countertops are more stain-resistant.
- These are among the more expensive countertops.
- Seams are sometimes visible.
- Engineered quartz is not as heat-resistant as natural stone.
Quartz countertops typically cost between $115 and $200 per square foot. They are best used in bathrooms where a contemporary styling is desired, but they can also work well in heavy-use family bathrooms.