25 Recommended Air Plants to Grow Indoors

varieties of tillandsia

The Spruce / Kori Livingston 

The term "air plant" refers to any of roughly 500 different species of flowering perennial plants in the Tillandsia genus, a part of the Bromeliad family. These are plants that require no soil for their roots. Instead, they extract moisture from the air; plants of this type are known as epiphytes. In their natural element, you may find Tillandsia plants growing on trees, anchored to the bark. Spanish moss is one type of Tillandsia. They are native to warm, arid regions, where they do best in bright, filtered light conditions. Although perennial in a sufficiently warm climate, air plants are normally grown as indoor houseplants, where they thrive under fluorescent lighting.

Although once rare in commercial use, Tillandsia plants are now quite trendy and are used in a variety of hanging garden applications. While a few species can be grown in pots, most are mounted on pieces of bark or driftwood and suspended in air. They are now widely available at garden centers. Most are fairly diminutive plants that need to be viewed up close. 

Although there are many species of Tillandsia, many do not have their own common names. Instead, they are instead simply lumped together are "air plants" or "sky plants." Or, they may be sold simply by their species name.

Here are 25 great Tillandsia species and cultivars to consider for indoor growing. 

Gardening Tip

Air plants are watered in a rather unique way, since most are not grown in soil. When your air plant begins to look parched, submerge it overnight in the kitchen sink and it will begin to thrive once more. Regular light misting will also help the plant absorb moisture from the air; this is especially necessary in arid climates or in regions with dry winter air.  

  • 01 of 25

    Sky Plant (Tillandsia ionantha)

    Tillandsia
    Ploywutt / Getty Images

    Tillandsia ionantha is one of the most popular air plants. Dozens of cultivars are available, but the species version is very popular, partly because it is extremely hardy and hard to kill. Tillandsia ionantha is an attractive plant, with layers silvery-green leaves that deepen in color as they grow and extend. The leaves turn shades of red and pink before the plant blooms with beautiful violet blossoms. 

    Native Area: Mexico, Central and South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 6 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 02 of 25

    'Druid' Sky Plant (Tillandsia ionantha 'Druid')

    Air root plant on wood, Tillandsia Ionantha Druid
    shark_749 / Getty Images

    With the renewed popularity of air plants, growers are focusing on unusual colors. Unlike the red leaves of the species Tillandsia ionantha, the leaves of the 'Druid' cultivar turn a peachy-pink tone, and the flowers are white. This plant is usually quite tiny, but it is eye-catching none the less.

    Native Area: Mexico, Central and South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 2–4 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 03 of 25

    'Maxima' Sky Plant (Tillandsia ionantha 'Maxima' or 'Huamelula')

    Air Plant - Tillandsia maxima
    salchuiwt / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

    If you are in the market for an air plant that makes an impact, Tillandsia 'Maxima', also known as 'Huamalula', is worth a look. It can handle stronger sun than most air plants and produces multiple flowers simultaneously. The leaves turn a coral-red before the plant blooms with brilliant purple flowers. This is considered relatively large for an air plant, reaching 5 to 6 inches in height with a spread of 3 to 4 inches. 

    Native Area: Mexico, Central and South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 5–6 inches

    Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade (does well under fluorescent light)

  • 04 of 25

    'Fuego' (Tillandsia lonatha 'Fuego')

    blooming Tillandsia ionantha hanging
    prwstd / Getty Images

    Tiny, but quite the show-off, 'Fuego' is a cultivar bred to keep on blushing, long after blooming. The leaves retain their bright color for months. But they are small plants, using growing only about 1 inch tall. This could be a focal point in your air plant collection or a conversation starter on your table. They may not grow tall, but they do fill out quickly.

    Native Area: Mexico, Central and South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 1/2–3 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright indirect light

    Continue to 5 of 25 below.
  • 05 of 25

    Pink Quill Plant (Tillandsia cyanea)

    The beautiful pink bloom of a Pink Quill bromeliad (Tillandsia cyanea), a tropical flowering perennial plant species native to the rainforests of Ecuador.
    Cheryl Ramalho / Getty Images

    It's easy to see why Tillandsia cyanea is called the pink quill plant. The pink bracts fan out like a feather, with purple flowers poking out the sides. Unlike most air plants, you can even grow Tillandsia cyanea in soil. However, they are perfectly happy au natural, if given plenty of moisture.

    Air plants are in the tropical bromeliad family. When grown indoors, air plants will need to be watered regularly. You can submerge the plants in water and let them soak for about an hour, or you can mist them two to three times per week.

    Native Area: Ecuador

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 8–12 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 06 of 25

    Mad Pupper (Tillandsia aeranthos bergeri)

    Air Plants Tillandsia bergeri Hanging Ball
    Irina274 / Getty Images

    Tillandsia aeranthos bergeri is one of the most popular air plants because of its vibrant flowers. It blooms reliably every spring in spiky pink and blue flowers. This is a very low maintenance plant, and as with most Tillandsia varieties, it likes bright, indirect light or the fluorescent bulbs of the office.

    When air plants are in flower, water by lightly rinsing them under running water, rather than submerging them, which can ruin the flowers.

    Native Area: South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 6–10 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 07 of 25

    'Kolbii' (Tillandsia scaposa 'Kolbii')

    Air Plant - Tillandsia kolbii
    James Ho / Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

    Several air plants tend to grow sideways or snake in odd directions. 'Kolbii' resembles a bunch of celery. It usually only grows 2 to 3inches tall, but makes a statement with the soft, gray fuzz on its leaves, especially when they blush pink before blooming.

    As with many air plant, you may find this variety classified in several different ways in the trade: Tillandsia kolbii, T. scaposa 'Kolbii', or T, inonanta var. scaposa.

    Native Area: Guatamala

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 2–5 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 08 of 25

    Brachycaulos (Tillandsia brachycaulos)

    different tillandsia air plants
    kipgodi / Getty Images

    The leaves of Tillandsia brachycaulos fan outward from a central growing point and the plant turns red as it gets ready to bloom. You may even find plants with leaves that have been dyed red, to give the appearance of flowering. This is usually a fairly small plant, growing about 3 inches tall with a 4-inch spread, though some cultivars are larger. There is also a hybrid, brachycaulos x concolor, that is bred to remain bright, light green.

    Air plants are often displayed on hanging grids. It's a nice way to cluster a collection and allows the plants good air circulation.

    Native Area: Mexico, Central America, Venezuela

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 2–8 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

    Continue to 9 of 25 below.
  • 09 of 25

    Bulbous Air Plant (Tillandsia bulbosa)

    Tillandsia Bulbosa air plants isolated on wooden background
    fottodk / Getty Images

    This air plant derives its name from its bulbous roots, but it is the contorted, narrow leaves that give it the most interest. They are often described as looking like tentacles and the plants do have a sort of sea monster appearance to them. The leaves will change color to purple or red, just before the plant is ready to bloom.

    When grown outdoors, Tillandsia bulbosa has a symbiotic relationship with ants. The bulbs are somewhat hollow and the ants make their home inside them. In exchange, the plant feeds off of waste the ants leave behind.

    Native Area: Southern Mexico, Central and South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 4–7 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light or part shade

  • 10 of 25

    Cacticola (Tillandsia cacticola)

    Air Plant - Tillandsia cacticola
    Dick Culbert / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

    Tillandsia cacticola is hard to find in cultivation because it does not produce many offsets. However, it is greatly valued for its lovely lavender flower. The species name refers to its habit of growing on cacti. It has a silvery green rosette of leaves, out of which juts a long stem that holds the flower about eight to nine inches above the plant.

    Native Area: Peru

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 3–9 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 11 of 25

    Capita Peach Air Plant (Tillandsia capitata 'Peach')

    Air Plant - Tillandsia capitata 'Peach'
    Megan Hansen / Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

    The thick leaves of Tillandsia capitata 'Peach' are surprisingly soft to the touch. They form a silver-green rosette that changes to a peachy-pink, as it gets ready to bloom. The peach coloring makes a striking contrast to the purple flower. The largest specimens are 5 to 8 inches tall, although 2- to 3-inch plants are common. 

    Native Area: Mexico, Honduras, Cuba, Dominican Republic

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 2–8 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright indirect light; will tolerate full sun

  • 12 of 25

    Circinata (Tillandsia circinata)

    Air Plant - tillandsia circinata
    Megan Hansen / Flickr /CC BY-SA 2.0

    Thick silvery-green leaves give Tillandsia circinata a very substantial appearance, for an air plant, almost like a bulb of fennel. They flower in either yellow or purple and grow to 6 to 8 inches in length, although they are only about 1 inch across at their base.

    Native Area: Mexico, Costa Rica, Bahamas

    USDA Growing Zones: 10–11

    Height: 6–8 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light or part shade

    Continue to 13 of 25 below.
  • 13 of 25

    'Cotton Candy' (Tillandsia stricta x T. recurvifolia 'Cotton Candy')

    Pink Tillandsia cotton candy flower (Bromeliad) with green garden background, unique plant
    15691199 / Getty Images

    'Cotton Candy' is a hybrid derived from parents Tillandsia stricta and T. recurvifolia). It has long, thin, silvery leaves that look like a loose spider dahlia. It was bred for its striking pink flower spike. The pink bracts look as though they are puffed up or inflated. 'Cotton Candy' needs very bright light to flower its best. Most specimens are 5 to 6 inches across, although there are reports of 12-inch plants. 

    Native Area: Nursery hybrid; parent species are native to South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 5–12 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 14 of 25

    Loliacea (Tillandsia loliacea)

    Tillandsia loliacea
    James Ho / Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

    If the miniature air plants fascinate you, Tillandsia loliacea is a real charmer. The plant itself never gets much larger than 11/2 inches tall, but it stretches its flower stalk up another 2 to 3 inches to display equally tiny yellow flowers. The small air plants look equally charming perched on wood or clustered in terrariums, where they can soak up the excess moisture.

    Native Area: Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 1–3 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 15 of 25

    Didsticha (Tillandsia didsticha)

    Air Plant - Tillandsia didisticha
    João Medeiros / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

    Tillandsia didisticha is very large for a Tillandsia, growing upwards of 1 foot tall at maturity. The base of the plant forms an airy spray of slender, gray-green, pointed leaves. Out of them comes the flower stalk with pinkish bracts and small white flowers. A popular cultivar is 'Burnt Fingers'.

    Native Area: Bolivia, Brazil

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 6–12 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 16 of 25

    Dyeriana (Tillandsia dyeriana)

    Tillandsia Dyeriana Flower Formation
    MarjanCermelj / Getty Images

    With its bright orange inflorescence, Tillandsia dyeriana definitely has a tropical flair. The actual flowers are white, but they are upstaged by the exuberance of the bracts. This is one of a few air plants that can also be grown in pots, where it can be better assured of adequate moisture. Give this air plant lots of humidity. When grown in pots, it can get rather large, at 12 to 18 inches in height. 

    Native Area: Mexico, Central America, Ecuador

    USDA Growing Zones: xxx

    Height: 3–12 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

    Continue to 17 of 25 below.
  • 17 of 25

    Giant Air Plant (Tillandsia fasciculata)

    tillandsia
    Supersmario / Getty Images

    Unlike most air plants, Tillandsia fasciculata has multiple common names, including quill-leaf air plant, giant air plant cardinal air plant, and wild pineapple. This is one of the most commonly grown air plants and there are hundreds of variations and hybrids. The species has a red and green inflorescence that stays attractive for weeks. It is quite a large Tillandsia, with specimens as tall as 3 feet possible. 

    Native Area: Mexico, Central America, West Indies, northern South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: Up to 3 feet

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 18 of 25

    Flabellata (Tillandsia flabellata)

    Air Plant - Tillandsia flabellata
    Megan Hansen / Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

    Instead of a rosette of slender leaves, Tillandsia flabellata grows tall and vase-shaped, with a spray of flowers sometimes described as a candelabra. This is a large plant, as air plants go, growing 10 to 12 inches tall, that sends out multiple red flower spikes.

    Native Area: Mexico, Central America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 6–12 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light

  • 19 of 25

    Argentea (Tillandsia fuchsii var. garcilis)

    Tillandsia air plants on a white background
    kipgodi / Getty Images

    This air plant was formerly called Tillandsia argentea. It has a bulbous base that is likened to a pincushion and long, extremely thin gray-green leaves. Tillandsia fuchsii var. garcilis is a delicate plant that only gets about 5 to 6 inches tall and remains 1 to 2 inches in width. Even the flashy orange-red inflorescence is dainty.

    Native Area: Mexico, Guatemala, Cuba, Jamaica

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 5–6 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright indirect light

  • 20 of 25

    Funkiana (Tillandsia funkiana)

    Young pale pink flower air Tillandsia funkiana bromeliad plant tree bush
    Saran Hansakul / Getty Images

    These elongated air plants bend and curl into odd shapes, sometimes even spiraling around themselves. This is a tiny plant, growing only about 2 inches long. Tillandsia funkiana is a great choice for a terrarium or simply as a desktop novelty. As with so many air plants, the leaves will turn red, as it gets ready to flower. The inflorescence is also red, with yellow flowers.

    Native Area: Venezuela

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 1–2 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright indirect light

    Continue to 21 of 25 below.
  • 21 of 25

    Gardneri (Tillandsia gardneri)

    Air Plant - Tillandsia gardneri
    James Ho / Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

    Tillandsia gardneri looks a bit like a small yucca, with pale grayish leaves that taper to a point. It's a large size air plant growing from 4 to 12 inches in height. This air plant would be a good choice if you can't provide the bright light and warm temperatures most air plants prefer. It's very forgiving, but it still needs plenty of moisture.

    Native Area:  Trinidad and Tobago, Colombia, eastern Brazil, Venezuela.

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 4–12 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright indirect light

  • 22 of 25

    Ball Moss (Tillandsia recurvata)

    Small ballmoss, ball moss or bunch moss
    Carita Liberato / Getty Images

    Tillandsia recurvata goes by the common name small ball moss or simply ball moss. It is more of a nest shape, with a mass of slender, arching gray-green leaves and a tall lavender flower spike. Its leaves grow 2 to 6 inches long. This plant often naturalizes in the Southeastern U.S., and it has the very peculiar habit of allowing its seeds to germinate while they are still in the seed pod. Tillandsia recurvata is a very easy plant to propagate.

    Native Area: Southern U.S., Central America, Chile to northern Argentina

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 2–6 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright indirect light

  • 23 of 25

    'Pink Bronze' (Tillandsia stricta 'Pink Bronze')

    Air Plant - Tillandsia stricta 'Pink Bronze'
    salchuiwt / Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

    With a typical pineapple-type rosette of leaves, 'Pink Bronze' will develop a hint of pinky-bronze coloring if placed in strong, bright light. But it's the huge pink and purple flowers that steal the show here. This air plant is popular as a single specimen in small teardrop terrariums.

    Native Area: Trinidad, South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 6–12 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright indirect light

  • 24 of 25

    'White Star'(Tillandsia ixioides x T. recurvifolia 'Whitestar')

    Air Plant - Tillandsia 'Whitestar'
    salchuiwt / Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

    'Whitestar' is a genetic cross between Tillandsia ixioides X Tillandsia T. recurvifolia, however, it is much larger than either parent, growing up to 12 inches in height. The bracts are a rosy pink color with cream to yellow colored flowers. The silver-gray leaves tend to curl about, giving it a sense of movement.

    Native Area: Nursery hybrid; parent species are native to South America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 6–12 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright indirect light

    Continue to 25 of 25 below.
  • 25 of 25

    Xerographica (Tillandsia xerographica)

    Large Xerographica Close Up
    Al Cole / Getty Images

    For an air plant, Tillandsia xerographica has unusually wide, flat gray-green leaves that curl around like ribbons. Much thinner new leaves sprout from the center of the rosette, but the broad outer eaves make a great contrast in a display with smaller air plants. Withholding water causes the leaves to curl attractively.

    Native Area: Mexico, Central America

    USDA Growing Zones: 9–11

    Height: 6–15 inches

    Sun Exposure: Bright indirect light; will tolerate some direct sun