20 Best Birds to Watch for in Ohio

Top Birds in the Buckeye State

black-capped chickadee

The Spruce / Garrett Manchester

Home to two national historic parks, three national wildlife refuges, 83 state parks, 312 miles of Lake Erie shoreline, more than a dozen offshore islands, and wildly varied habitats from bluffs and ridges to forests, swamps, and grasslands, Ohio is an ideal birding destination. More than 400 bird species have been sighted in the Buckeye State, with nearly 200 species breeding inside Ohio’s borders. From Toledo to Cleveland and Columbus to Cincinnati, wherever birders visit they are sure to see spectacular birds. Keep your binoculars focused for these top 20 best bird species to see in Ohio.

  • 01 of 20

    Chestnut-Sided Warbler

    Chestnut-sided Warbler
    Melissa James / Getty Images

    Ohio is a top destination for seeing warblers, particularly in spring and summer, and the chestnut-sided warbler (Dendroica pensylvanica) is a colorful visitor to the state’s leafy woods. Found mainly in the northeastern section of the state, this bird is a top contender for the most colorful and sought-after warbler in Ohio.

  • 02 of 20

    Yellow-Throated Warbler

    Yellow-throated Warbler
    PaulReevesPhotography / Getty Images

    Found in the southern half of the state during the summer breeding season, the yellow-throated warbler (Dendroica dominica) arrives in Ohio very early, adding a burst of color to early spring migration with its bold throat and contrasting plumage. Watch for these birds especially in pine forests and riparian corridors.

  • 03 of 20

    Blue-Winged Warbler

    A male Blue-winged Warbler during the spring migration in Pennsylvania
    Larry Keller, Lititz Pa. / Getty Images

    The blue-winged warbler (Vermivora pinus) is another colorful Ohio visitor each summer, and is found throughout the state in the appropriate thickets and woodland edge habitats. These birds are distinctive not just for their blue-gray wings, but also for their bright yellow bodies and thin black eye-stripes. Both males and females show these markings.

  • 04 of 20

    Cerulean Warbler

    Cerulean Warbler Portrait
    ps50ace / Getty Images

    While many warblers have yellow plumage or markings, the cerulean warbler (Dendroica cerulea) is notable for its delicate blue-and-white coloration. These warblers are summer guests in Ohio, and prefer tall, leafy forests and riparian areas. Because their numbers are dwindling, cerulean warblers are of special note to see and protect. In April or May, breeding warblers can be spotted in the Shawnee State Forest.

    Continue to 5 of 20 below.
  • 05 of 20


    James_MacGregor / Getty Images

    Ohio’s grasslands and meadow habitats are a favorite spot to find the bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus). These birds are found in northern and western Ohio throughout the summer. The males stand out with their bold markings, but females are much more camouflaged and may be confused with sparrows.

  • 06 of 20

    Summer Tanager

    Summer Tanager
    Amy Hudechek / Getty Images

    For a bold pop of summer color in Ohio, watch for the summer tanager (Piranga rubra), one of the reddest birds in the world. The Buckeye State is at the northern edge of this bird’s breeding range, and summer tanagers are found throughout the southern half of Ohio flitting through treetops during the summer months.

  • 07 of 20

    Northern Bobwhite

    Male Northern Bobwhite (Colinus Virginianus) running, Rio Grande Valley, South Texas, Texas, USA
    Danita Delimont / Getty Images

    The only native quail readily found in Ohio, the northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) can be seen year-round throughout the state, though they are most common in the state’s southwestern corner. They can be very elusive, however, but they can be seen in brushy fields and open woodlands and are often heard calling before they are seen.

  • 08 of 20

    American Woodcock

    Joe Riederer / Getty Images

    Another bird that can be difficult to find because of its secretive nature and camouflaged markings, the American woodcock (Scolopax minor) prefers forested thickets and damp fields. Ohio is at the core of this bird’s summer breeding range, giving birders a great opportunity to see its mating dance and add this funky bird to their life list.

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  • 09 of 20

    Black Vulture

    Black Vulture in a Old Dead Tree
    Wildnerdpix / Getty Images

    Well known in the southeastern United States, the black vulture (Coragyps atratus) is only familiar in southern Ohio, the northernmost extent of its year-round range. In very southern parts of the state, black vultures can often be seen flocking and feeding with turkey vultures, and in flight, their distinctive wing pattern makes identification easy.

  • 10 of 20

    Swamp Sparrow

    Single Tree Sparrow bird on a tree branch
    Bernard Bialorucki / Getty Images

    The swamp sparrow (Melospiza georgiana) has a very limited year-round range, but northern Ohio is part of that preferred area where these birds can be found in marshes, swamps, and riparian thickets. In winter, these sparrows can also be seen in the southern half of the state and throughout the southeastern United States.

  • 11 of 20

    Lark Sparrow

    Lark Sparrow
    Larry Keller, Lititz Pa. / Getty Images

    The boldly marked and colorful lark sparrow (Chondestes grammacus) is more commonly seen in the western and southwestern United States, but there is a small pocket of ideal breeding habitat in western Ohio, where these birds can be seen during the summer. This is one of the easternmost parts of the lark sparrow’s range.

  • 12 of 20

    Chimney Swift

    Chimney Swift flying overhead
    danlogan / Getty Images

    Looking up during the summer can help Ohio birders add the chimney swift (Chaetura pelagica) to their life lists. These relatively plain birds are best recognized by shape, with their cigar-like bodies and long, pointed wings. They flutter rapidly and may fly erratically, and often nest in tall chimneys in urban and suburban areas.

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  • 13 of 20

    Black-Capped Chickadee

    Black Capped Chickadee and Green Background
    KenCanning / Getty Images

    The black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) is one of the most familiar backyard birds. Ohio is a key spot for seeing these chickadees, as it is one of very few states where birders can also see the Carolina chickadee. Black-capped chickadees have more white in their wings, a more ragged bib, and are found in northern Ohio year-round.

  • 14 of 20

    Carolina Chickadee

    Carolina Chickadee
    Mr_Jamsey / Getty Images

    The Carolina chickadee (Poecile carolinensis) is found in southern Ohio year-round, and can be distinguished from its black-capped cousins by its darker wings with less white edging, as well as its smoother bib and slightly smaller overall size. They also have a slightly different song, ideal for practicing birding by ear.

  • 15 of 20

    Northern Shrike

    Piotr Krzeslak / Getty Images

    The northern shrike (Lanius borealis) breeds in Arctic regions, but during winter it can reach as far south as northern Ohio. When an irruption occurs due to harsh storms or food shortages, these birds may even be seen in southern parts of the state. Their scaly breasts and narrow black mask are key identification features to watch for.

  • 16 of 20

    Northern Cardinal

    Male Cardinal perched during a snow storm
    Larry Keller, Lititz Pa. / Getty Images

    The state bird of Ohio, the northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is familiar and widespread throughout the state year-round. These birds are especially popular in winter yards, where both the red males and the fawn-colored females can be a bright splash of color when the state is otherwise snowbound.

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  • 17 of 20

    Greater Scaup

    Male Greater Scaup in a Lake
    Dee Carpenter Photography / Getty Images

    With such an extensive lake shoreline, Ohio is home to a number of lovely ducks, including the greater scaup (Aythya marila). These diving ducks spend their winters along the Lake Erie shore, often in very large and dramatic flocks, typically with other duck species mixed in. Look for the green sheen on this bird’s head to help identify it.

  • 18 of 20

    Ruddy Duck

    Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis, with beautiful green and red coloured water surface. Male of brown duck with blue bill. Wildlife scene from nature. Water with beautiful bird. Duck from Mexico.
    Ondrej Prosicky / Getty Images

    The ruddy duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) is dramatic in its colorful breeding plumage with its bright blue bill. The Lake Erie and Lake Ontario shorelines are the eastern extent of this stifftail duck’s breeding range, giving Ohio birders a chance for great viewing opportunities of this duck’s courtship, which includes bold postures and strutting movements.

  • 19 of 20

    Great Black-Backed Gull

    Black-backed gull (Larus marinus) flying over cliff, Petone, New Zealand
    Tanya Piejus / 500px / Getty Images

    The great black-backed gull (Larus marinus) is the largest of the gull species to be seen in Ohio, and is similar in size to a large raptor. Its heavy bill and dark mantle are other identification clues, and these birds are seen along the northern shoreline, especially in the Cleveland area. This gives even urban birders a great chance to see this gull.

  • 20 of 20

    Tundra Swan

    Close up of flying tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus) above sea
    Franz Engels / 500px / Getty Images

    While the tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus) may not spend lengthy seasons in Ohio, it is the only native swan species to migrate through the state. These large, heavy swans can be seen along the Lake Erie shoreline most often during fall migration, though some may be seen inland as well, especially in flooded fields and other wet areas.

While there are many great birds in Ohio, if the Buckeye State isn't on your travel list, one of these other amazing birding destinations might have just what you need for your life list!

Article Sources
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  1. Birds of Ohio Field Checklist. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife.

  2. Warblers Of Ohio Field Guide. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife.

  3. Common Birds Of Ohio Field Guide. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife.

  4. American Woodcock. Ohio Ornithological Society.

  5. Raptors Of Ohio Field Guide. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife.

  6. Lark Sparrow Range Map. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

  7. Northern Shrike Overview. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

  8. Greater Scaup Overview. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

  9. Ruddy Duck Overview. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

  10. Great-Black backed Gull Overview. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

  11. Tundra Swan Overview. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology.