Visitors to Mediterranean climates may wonder what it’s like to grow a garden there, under skies that always seem sunny and in temperatures that never require more than a light jacket. The Mediterranean region is unique since it's marked by high altitudes, large bodies of water, and rocky landscapes. But its climate is further defined by:
- Mild winters, punctuated by an occasional frost
- Hot, dry summers with low humidity
- Irregular rainfall, usually from autumn to spring
Gardeners who live in coastal California, central Chile, southern Australia, parts of North Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia), and Southwest Europe (Italy, Greece, Portugal, and Spain) may have unique, breathtaking landscaping and gardens, but they are faced with the challenge of growing flowers in regions that are beautiful yet harsh. Rocky soil, windswept cliffs, and drought are a few of the conditions these 10 rugged Mediterranean flowers will shrug off in your garden.
01 of 10
Hardy to zone 7, the Lily of the Nile adds height and strong textural interest to the landscape in shades of blue and white. The plants adapt well to container culture and multiply freely, so you can take divisions for friends or other parts of the garden.
02 of 10
How can a bloom with such ethereal beauty as the California poppy be so tough? This welcome harbinger of spring grows well in a Mediterranean garden and adds its vivid orange hue to any landscape that has ample sunshine and light soil. Although the plant is an annual, it will self-seed every year, and the bluish-green foliage makes newly emerging seedlings easy to recognize. This plant thrives in poor sandy and rocky soil, as well as peat-rich soil.
03 of 10
Also known as the California lilac, the ceanothus is the xeriscape’s answer to the hydrangea. This member of the buckthorn family ranges in height from 5 to 20 feet as a shrub or small tree and is smothered in blue blossom clusters in early spring. This plant tolerates different soils, as long as it's not sitting in soggy soil.
04 of 10
If your Mediterranean garden receives shade from olive or Mediterranean cypress trees, consider planting a Daphne shrub as a flowering companion. The highly fragrant shrubs demand perfect drainage, but like a bit of protection from the all-day glare of the sun. Choose a variety with variegated leaves, like ‘Maejima,’ and you’ll have a beautiful specimen plant in or out of bloom.Continue to 5 of 10 below.
05 of 10
Is it odd for a flower lover to be so partial to green blooms? Not when it’s an electric shade of green that provides an excellent foil to every other blossom color. Commonly known as spurge, the many varieties of euphorbia feature colorful bracts rather than true flower petals. Try ‘Blackbird,’ which features yellowish-green bracts and burgundy foliage or crowns of thorns a type of euphorbia with red or peach bracts.
06 of 10
As a plant that's a native of Australia, it makes sense that drought-tolerant grevillea plants can thrive in hot, dry conditions. These members of the protea family have showy, spidery blooms that attract nectar-eating birds.
07 of 10
Few people dislike the scent of lavender. It's a glorious garden plant that offers crushed leaves that smell just as wonderful as the blossoms. If your garden is overwhelmed with blue and purple shades, try one of the alternative hued lavenders, like the white ‘Edelweiss,’ or the yellow ‘Chiffon.’
08 of 10
From the strange, claw-like tubers of the ranunculus emerge some of the most thickly ruffled blooms you will ever see in a Mediterranean garden (besides the dense bougainvillea vines you see growing up the walls of Mediterranean villas). Buy tubers that are at least several centimeters in circumference for a spectacular March flower show.Continue to 9 of 10 below.
09 of 10
As the name implies, sea lavender, or beach heliotrope, grows just fine in a coastal garden badgered by the burn of salt spray. The evergreen plants (which are not related to the lavender herb) provide excellent erosion control, bearing tiny bright purple flowers all summer and are often cut for fresh and dried bouquets.
10 of 10
The wax flower (chamelaucium) is popular for its long-lasting blooms, and the flowers will bloom for several weeks in a Mediterranean-style spring garden. Cut a few for the vase (or as a popular filler in a wedding bouquet), and you’ll notice the pleasing scent of the foliage common to members of the myrtle family. Not much bothers this evergreen shrub, but heavy soils and over-irrigation will kill it.