Shady spots are sometimes considered problem areas where beautiful plants can't grow. In reality, though, there are some wonderful plants for shade, some grown mostly for their lovely leaves, but others that have surprisingly dramatic blooms. These 12 suggested perennial plants will help transform your shaded spot from a problem area to a location you are proud of. All of these perennials offer good cold-hardiness.
In addition to these perennials, also consider annuals and some great biennials, such as foxglove (digitalis) for the shade garden.
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Sometimes you get lucky and have pretty flowers and nice foliage on the same plant. Such is the case for this first entry, Lenten rose (Helleborus orientalis).
The blooms on lenten rose begin with a lovely bud that resembles a rose bud, which later opens into a flower that will remain into the summer heat. After the spring color fades, lenten rose continues to add visual appeal through intense, leathery dark-green leaves that retain their beauty throughout the summer.
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The "common" bleeding heart (Dicentra spectabilis) is a well-known classic, but there is no need to stop there. Other types of Dicentra worth planting in your landscaping include:
If you are seeking attractive leaves to go along with the interesting blooms, fringed bleeding hearts are a great choice. But D. spectabilis 'Gold Heart' may turn the most heads with its leaves, which have a bright golden color.
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Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) is sure to inspire you if you like plants that are a bit out of the ordinary. It is a woodland plant in many areas of North America, so it is a no-brainer for woodland gardens.
This perennial for shade certainly is not grown for its flowers. But Jack-in-the-pulpit rewards those willing to forgive its lack of showy flowers with a brightly-colored bunch of red berries.
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Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis) is another native plant of North America. It is in the same genus as the dogwood trees, but do not let that fool you: This is a tiny plant, essentially a wildflower. As the name implies, it also features bright red berries in fall.
Bunchberry is ideal for dappled shade, and works well in naturalized areas and along shaded walkways.Continue to 5 of 12 below.
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Although the name "deadnettle" might put you in mind of other types of weedy nettles that cause skin irritation, spotted deadnettle (Lamium maculatum) is actually a very nice landscape plant that offers color both through its foliage and its flowers. The popular cultivar, L. maculatum 'Purple Dragon' has vibrant purple blooms.
Like other plants with silver foliage, this ground cover can help brighten shady areas and make them less gloomy. Be aware that deadnettle can spread aggressively, so plant it only in an area where you seek a true groundcover.
There are a number of similar perennials related to 'Purple Dragon' deadnettle. One you may wish to avoid, however, is yellow archangel. It is a lovely plant, but tends to be very invasive.
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Hosta is an obvious choice in picking the best perennials for shade, as long as you're one who can appreciate what foliage plants bring to your landscaping. The list of hosta cultivars that can serve both as specimen plants and groundcovers for shady areas is almost endless. One type of hosta recommended to dress up a shady spot is Hosta 'Halcyon.'
Although hostas are known as shade plants, there are some exceptions. Cultivars with golden leaves, for example, need some amount of sunlight to achieve their splendid color.
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Some kinds of Ligularia have spots, thus the common name, Leopard plant. Ligularia dentata 'Britt-Marie Crawford' may lack those spots, but it has plenty else to purr about. It sports big, pretty leaves as many hostas do, but there is no hosta with such interesting flowers.
But its appearance only begins to tell the story of this perennial's versatility. While it is grouped with the other shade perennials here, it can stand some sunlight if watered enough. But it can also be grown in spots too wet for many other plants to handle. So 'Britt-Marie Crawford' gives you some wiggle room in terms of how you use it in the landscape.
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Columbine (Aquiligia) comes in a variety of flower colors. Types with brightly-colored blooms may be the best choice for shaded spots, where they bring cheer to otherwise gloomy areas. Generally speaking, though, what makes columbine flowers so special is their unique shape.
This perennial for shade also has nice clover-like foliage (variegated in some cultivars), especially early in the growing season. Leafminer insects do mark up the leaves, but some gardeners find the meandering mining tunnels on the leaves attractive.
Do not confuse columbine (Aquilegia) with columbine meadow rue (Thalictrum aquilegifolium), which is another good perennial for shade.Continue to 9 of 12 below.
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Jacob's ladder (Polemonium caeruleum) is another good example of a plant with a fine texture that can create contrast with other plants. The name "Jacob's ladder" is a reference to the ladder-like arrangement of the foliage leaves.
The delicate texture of Jacob's ladder works well when juxtaposed against the coarser texture of hosta or ligularia. Coarse-leafed elephant ear can also serves as a dramatic contrast to the fine texure of Jacob's ladder.
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Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica)
The leaves of Virginia bluebells (Mertensia virginica), like those of Dutchman's breeches, disappear by midsummer when this perennial enters a period of dormancy. This is an acceptable price, though, because the flowers of this spring plant make it worthwhile. The flowers on Virginia bluebells start out pink-lavender but later change to deep blue.
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Rogers flower (Rodgersia) does bear blooms, but it is valued more for its big, pretty leaves. Some types (such as R. aesculifolia) have leaves like those on a horsechestnut tree (Aesculus).
Like leopard plant, this one works well in damp areas that are not completely waterlogged. It can grows fairly well in sun, provided the soil is moist and rich in humus.
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Even more so than Rogers flower, Japanese forest grass, or "Hakone grass" (Hakonechloa macra) is grown for its value as a foliage plant. You can choose from various cultivars, depending on the look that you want. For example, 'Naomi' often has more red in its leaf blades than 'Aureola,' which is one of the best kinds for a golden color.
Beginners who are new to creating shade gardens need to remember that few plants will produce impressive blooming displays in deep shade. Most of the plants listed here will do best if they receive at least some indirect light. Even shade-loving perennials need a small amount of sunlight.
Although no spring bulbs were included in our list, shade gardeners should remember to take advantage of these earliest bloomers. Remember that areas of your yard that may later be shaded by large trees may receive adequate sunlight in the early spring. These spots offer a great opportunity to take advantage of spring bulbs to add color to your landscape.