Black-eyed Susan vine (Thunbergia alata) is a frequent sight in hanging baskets at the garden center. This vine is as easy to care for as it is charming. The flowers have an almost pop-art look to them, with a solid center surrounded by a ring of clear-colored petals. The flowers look daisy-like at a distance, but they are actually tubular. Five overlapping petals surround a brownish-purple center tube, masquerading as a center disk. Look at the flower from the side and you'll see how the center funnels downward. The medium-green leaves are a little coarse and grow opposite one another. They can be either heart-shaped or have a lance-like arrowhead shape. This plant climbs by twining up support structures rather than clinging with tendrils.
|Botanical Name||Thunbergia alata|
|Common Names||Black-Eyed Susan Vine, Clockvine|
|Plant Type||Perennial flowering vine, usually grown as an annual|
|Mature Size||6 to 8 feet|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun to part shade|
|Soil Type||Loamy, with lots of organic material|
|Soil pH||6.5; slightly acidic to neutral|
|Bloom Time||Summer to fall|
|Flower Color||Red, orange, yellow, white|
|Hardiness Zones||Perennial in zones 9 to 11; planted as an annual in zones 3 to 9|
|Native Area||Africa, Madagascar, Southern Asia|
How to Grow Black-Eyed Susan Vines
These vines will tangle themselves around the nearest support or spill over edges. They are perfect for hanging containers, but flow just as easily over walls and raised beds. A lattice or link fence makes a good choice for coaxing and weaving your vine into a living wall, but these plants will clamber over just about anything, from the mailbox to an old tree stump. Black-eyed Susan vine repeats blooms from May through fall. No deadheading is required to keep them in bloom.
With their quick growth habit and sprawling nature, black-eyed Susan vines can overtake nearby plants and are often grown as solo performers. However, a nice option is to mix the black-eyed Susan vines with another vine that will intertwine with them. Morning Glories are often used for this purpose, particularly the purple varieties, which make a nice color combo. Purple hyacinth bean is another good choice.
They look beautiful near shorter purple flowers, like salvia and veronica, too. On the flip side, you can play up their flair with hotter colors, like brilliant red zinnias or canna, for a more tropical look.
You will get the most flowers and the healthiest plants if you plant your black-eyed Susan vines in full sun. The exception is in hot, dry climates, where growing the plants in partial afternoon shade is recommended.
Black-eyed Susan vine likes a fairly neutral soil pH of around 6.5 and a soil rich in organic matter. When setting out plants, work several inches of compost into the soil, if it is not sufficiently rich to start with.
Although the vines don't like sitting in wet soil, they also don't like being hot and dry. Aim to keep them moderately moist. Mulching around the base of the plants will keep the roots cool and moist, without fear of rotting.
Temperature and Humidity
Black-eyed Susan vine is only reliably perennial in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11. It is usually grown as an annual, although it has been known to over-winter in temperate climates during very mild winters. Since black-eyed Susan vines are technically perennial, you can pot up a plant and bring it indoors for the winter. You will probably want to cut it back to a more manageable size when you do. You can also take stem cuttings and make new seedlings. Black-eyed Susan vines grow quickly once the temperature warms up.
Black-eyed Susan vines are quick growing and bloom repeatedly throughout the summer. That means they will get hungry and will need a light feeding every four to six weeks with a complete fertilizer to keep them growing strong.
Varieties of Black-eyed Susan Vines
If you are purchasing nursery plants, you may only find the vines labeled as "Orange" or "Yellow." There are more varieties available if you buy from seed:
- 'Angel Wings' has white flowers with a hint of fragrance.
- 'African Sunset' has burgundy centers surrounded by red, ivory and darker shades of apricot and salmon.
- 'Spanish Eyes' shows unusual pastel shades of peach and apricot.
- 'Superstar Orange' has traditional orange petals with a dark center.
- 'Susie Mix' produces flowers in yellow, orange and white.
Growing From Seeds
Container grown plants are fairly easy to find, but black-eyed Susan vine is easy to grow from seed. Seeds may seem relatively expensive, but that's because the seed is difficult to collect. You can start seed indoors, about six to eight weeks before your last frost date, or direct-seed outdoors after danger of frost. Soak the large, hard seeds in water for a day or two, before planting.
Black-eyed Susan vine plants don't like having their roots disturbed and it helps if you start the seed in peat or paper pots. Plant the seeds about 1/4-inch deep and expect them to germinate within two to three weeks, depending on the temperature.
Common Pests/ Diseases
Black-eyed Susan vine is not prone to many problems, particularly if the vines are kept healthy and have plenty of sun, water, and air circulation. Whiteflies and spider mites can be potential problems, especially during hot weather or if the plants are brought indoors where there is dry heat. Keep a keen eye to catch and treat any outbreaks quickly with insecticidal soap.