Breed Profile: Affenpinscher

Studio shot of an Affenpinscher.
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The Affenpinscher is one of the older dog breeds still seen today and likely originated from Germany and surrounding areas of Europe. Their name basically translates as "monkey-terrier" in German - coming from their almost monkey-like faces. Affenpinschers were traditionally larger dogs that were once used to hunt rats. They were bred down in size over the years, but some of the hunter's instinct still remains.

Affenpinschers were first recocnized by the AKC in 1936. Probable ancestors of this breed are the Brussels Griffon and the Miniature Schnauzer.



7-10 pounds


Black, gray, silver, red, black and tan, or belge

Health Problems:

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:


About the Breed:

The Affenpinscher is a compact and sturdy dog that is an expressive and alert. The face of this breed has a cute, almost "monkey-like" appearance.

Relatively frequent grooming is necessary for this breed's coarse, rough coat. This primarily consist of regular brushing, but the breed might benefit from occasional trips to a professional groomer.

In general, the Affenpinscher's coat is shaggy but not unkempt in appearance.

The Affenpinscher is a curious and intelligent dog that can have a stubborn and feisty streak. Firm and consistent obedience training and proper socialization are absolutely essential. This will help you and your dog to be happier as well as fine-tune the breed's natural talents as a loyal watchdog and hunter.

Though not considered hyperactive, Affenpinschers have a fair amount of energy and should receive routine exercise. Plan a daily walk at the very least for the health of your dog. This will help your dog to burn energy and better focus. However, the breed can possible overheat due to its short, stubby nose and potential airway problems, so use caution.

Overall, the Affenpinscher has an independent spirit blended with a soft side. This breed will closely bond with it's owner and act as both protector and companion. In general, some Affenpinschers may not be ideal matches for children or other pets, but training and socialization can sometimes change this. Either way, they make lovely pets for many people - especially those who like little dogs with big personalities.

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