Dachshund Dog Breed Profile

dachshund dog breed
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The Dachshund is an energetic, lovable dog breed with a big personality. Known affectionately as the Doxie, Weiner, hotdog, or sausage dog, this breed of short stature leaves a lasting impression. The Dachshund is bred as standard or miniature size, but traits of this breed are similar for both sizes. 

Dachshund Basics

Group: Hound


  • Standard:16-32 pounds
  • Miniature: under 11 pounds

Coat & Color: 

Coat varieties include the following:

  • Smooth (short-haired)
  • Longhaired
  • Wirehaired

Dachshunds come in a wide variety of solid colors or combination of colors including (but not limited to) the following:

  • Black
  • Tan
  • Fawn
  • Beige
  • Blue
  • Chocolate
  • Red

Various markings are as follows:

  • Dapple
  • Piebald
  • Brindle
  • Sable

Dachshund History

The Dachshund originated in Germany as a hunting dog. Though the breed's origins can be traced as far back as the 15th century, the breed development really began in 17th century Germany. Called Dachshunds, or "badger-dogs," these short hounds did just that - hunted badgers. Further development of the breed created two sizes. The standard size continued to hunt badgers as well as wild boar, while the miniatures pursued hare and foxes.

Dachshunds were brought to the USA as early as 1885 but increased in popularity in the 1930s and 40s. They remain extremely popular dogs to this day.

Caring for the Dachshund

Grooming needs of the Dachshund depend upon hair coat.

The longhaired variety requires daily brushing but does not typically need professional grooming. Smooth Dachshunds have a higher shedding rate than other varieties. All Dachshunds should receive baths as needed (more if skin problems exist). Be sure to do regular nails trims in order to prevent problems with the feet.

While loved for its bold personality, the Dachshund may have a tendency to be stubborn, protective, and defensive. Many Dachshunds are also known for their tendency to bark. Proper obedience training can turn these potential problems into beneficial qualities.

Dachshunds are naturally prone to develop obesity. To avoid weight gain, your Dachshund should get regular exercise. Daily walks are recommended, but proper nutrition is also key. Be sure to avoid over-feeding. Routine veterinary care also plays an important role.

Dachshund Health Concerns

Responsible breeders in strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

Is a Dachshund Right for You?

The Dachshund can be a loving companion, lapdog, and even family dog. Despite its size, the Dachshund tends to be quite protective and alert, so the breed can also make an excellent watchdog.

The Dachshund may not be the ideal breed to have around small children unless you take measures to train and socialize the dog extensively.

In general, this breed will do better if raised with kids rather than introducing kids later in life.

As with any breed, if you think the Dachshund is right for you, be sure to do plenty of research before obtaining one. Talk to other Dachshund owners, reputable Dachshund breeders and Dachshund rescue groups to learn more.