Breed Profile: Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Purple Collar Pet Photography/Moment/Getty Images




Theories regarding the Pembroke Welsh Corgi's origin vary among experts, but it is generally believed that the breed dates back to around the 10th century. One theory is that the breed's ancestors were brought to Wales by Flemish weavers. Or, they may have descended from Swedish Vallhunds.

Pembrokes were developed in Wales where they were used as herding, companion, and/or guard dogs.

There are obvious similarities between Pembrokes and Cardigan Welsh Corgis, and these breeds were actually crossed in the past. In 1934, the two were officially recognized by the English Kennel Club and AKC as separate breeds.


24-30 pounds


Black and tan, red, sable or fawn (all colors are typically seen with white markings)

Health Problems:

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

About the Breed:

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a small to medium-sized herding dog of short stature and sturdy build. Known for its low-set body, large erect ears and stubby tail, the Pembroke also makes a wonderful companion.

The breed is very intelligent, active and loyal. This breed and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi are often confused, despite the fact that the two are separate breeds. Pembrokes have slightly smaller builds than Cardigans, their ears are pointier, and they have short stubby tails (as opposed to the longer tail of the Cardigan).

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a medium-length topcoat with a short undercoat. The breed tends to shed a significant amount seasonally. Routine grooming is essential and mainly consists of hair brushing once or twice a week.

Intelligent and hard working, the Pembroke excels at herding and most dog sports. This breed requires plenty of exercise on a regular basis. Because the Pembroke craves activities and challenges, training is an absolute must. Start with the basics, then consider training the dog to do a job, such as a watch dog or herder. Too much unreleased energy and a lack of training can lead to excessive barking and other behavior problems.

Pembroke Welsh Corgis can be excellent companions for the right household. Their tendency to herd by nipping at the ankles may make them less ideal for children. However, proper training and socialization of the dog combined with education about dogs for the kids can make all the difference. Generally, the Pembroke is loyal and happy, making the breed a worthy companion for many.

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