The cedar of Lebanon is a sprawling evergreen conifer that is often used as a stately addition to any landscape. Native to the Middle East (you guessed, it—Lebanon), it's considered to be one of the true cedars and is the species that is the best at tolerating cold temperatures.
Typically planted in late fall, the cedar of Lebanon tree grows slowly, only adding about 10 to 15 inches a year in height. However, they're known to live upwards of 600 years or more, and can ultimately reach a height of over 100 feet, making them an excellent option for shade trees in the long run. Patient gardeners with enough land to properly host a cedar of Lebanon tree can expect a pyramid-shaped tree for the first 20 or so years that eventually flattens as it ages. Their foliage is a rich green or green-gray and quite fragrant.
|Botanical Name||Cedrus libani|
|Common Name||Cedar of Lebanon|
|Plant Type||Evergreen tree|
|Mature Size||40–100 ft. tall, 40–80 ft. wide|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun|
|Soil Type||Moist but well-drained|
|Hardiness Zones||5–9 (USDA)|
|Native Area||Middle East|
Cedar of Lebanon Care
While there is no doubt the cedar of Lebanon tree is a beautiful varietal, it takes a special plot of land to play host to this green giant. Not only is the tree enormous, but its lifespan will far outlast that of its original owner, so a spot that can withstand its longevity is key.
Beyond that, caring for a cedar of Lebanon tree is rather straight-forward. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun in order to thrive. As the tree is getting established, you'll want to be mindful of extreme weather conditions that can damage its still-developing young branches. Make sure to plant the tree away from your home or other large structures that can be damaged by a falling tree should your cedar of Lebanon rot or come down unexpectedly.
Plant your cedar of Lebanon tree in a spot that boasts at least eight to 10 hours of sunlight daily. This shouldn't be too hard to achieve—chances are, the tree will be the tallest thing in your landscape (at least, after a few years' time), so it's unlikely that it will be shaded by other trees and kept out of the sun.
Cedar of Lebanon trees prefer acidic soil, but can also be grown in soil that boasts neutral and alkaline pH levels. When it comes to the composition of their soil, they will do best if planted in moist but well-drained soil. Any soil that is too mucky or poor draining will result in root rot and ultimate failure.
Water your cedar of Lebanon plant deeply at least once a week, and make sure the soil doesn't dry out, especially in its first few years of life.
Temperature and Humidity
The cedar of Lebanon tree is a very adaptable varietal and can handle a range of temperatures both cold and warm. It can thrive in the hot heat of summer (similar to the conditions in its native land), and withstand temperatures as low as -15 degrees Fahrenheit come winter.
Fertilize your cedar of Lebanon tree from the end of winter to the end of spring, using a complete all-purpose fertilizer that is slow-release. You do not need to fertilize the plant from the spring on. During the tree's first two years of life, it's wise to choose a fertilizer mixture that also includes phosphorous to encourage strong roots.
Pruning a Ceder of Lebanon Tree
The cedar of Lebanon tree can be pruned to form a central leader if desired, as it may form several different ones if left alone. However, the multiple leaders help the tree form into an attractive shape. Any pruning should be done during the fall and only be done to trees that have matured beyond their first few years of life. Altogether, pruning is not totally unnecessary unless done for aesthetic or safety purposes.
How to Grow Cedar of Lebanon Trees From Seed
If you choose not to get an established cedar of Lebanon sapling from a nursery, you can also grow the tree from seed. To do so, start by collecting several cones from an established tree. Place the cones in a paper bag and store them in a cool, dry place until the cones "ripen," indicated by the scales cracking open and spilling their seeds.
Soak the seeds in a bucket of water for three hours or more. Discard any seeds that float (they're not viable) and collect any that sink. To activate germination, wrap the viable seeds in a moistened cheesecloth or paper towel and place them in a plastic bag. Store in the refrigerator for one month, making sure to mist the cloth whenever it feels dry to the touch.
When the time comes to plant your tree, prepare pots (as many as you have seeds) that are at least three inches deep and filled with a mixture of coarse sand and peat moss. Coat the seeds with powdered fungicide then place each one in its individual pot, topping them with more sand and peat mixture. Water until the mixture settles and water runs from the drainage holes in the base of the pot.
Place the pots somewhere that will get at least six hours of sunlight a day and watch for germination. Once you notice the seeds have germinated, transplant the seedlings into larger gallon-sized containers to grow through the winter. The saplings can then be planted in the landscape in the spring after the last frost has passed.
Common Pests and Diseases
There are not too many problems associated with cedar of Lebanon trees. You may see some aphids on the tree, which can be naturally managed by ladybugs or removed simply by spraying them off the branch with water. Root rot is another issue but can be rectified by maintaining well-draining soil.