Citrus Fruit Photo Gallery

  • 01 of 16

    Bitter Orange

    Bitter Orange Citrus
    Citrus Photo Gallery. Photo © Flickr user Strife

    When most people think of citrus, lemons, limes, oranges and grapefruits may first come to mind. However, there are many different kinds of citrus fruits in the Citrus genus. These modified berries called an "hesperidium," come in all shapes, sizes and colors. This photo gallery shows 16 of the most common citrus fruits, along with basic growing requirements.

    Bitter orange (Citrus aurantium) may also be known as sour orange or Seville orange. This orange is too sour tasting to most people for...MORE fresh eating. It is the best choice of citrus for making orange marmalade.

    Latin Name: Citrus aurantium
    Origin: Asia
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11
    Size: Depends on variety chosen; typically 8-30' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Bitter orange does well in a variety of soils
     

    Continue to 2 of 16 below.
  • 02 of 16

    Blood Orange

    Blood Orange Citrus
    Citrus sinensis - Several Varieties. Photo © Flickr user Dvortygirl

    The blood orange is a variety of the sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). The most common varieties are the Moro, the Sanguinello, and the Tarocco. The red coloring is due to the high anthocyanin content.

    Latin Name: Citrus sinensis
    Origin: Likely first in Spain or Italy
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11. May want to protect in Zone 9 winters
    Size: Blood orange trees grow up to 25' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Plant in a soil that drains well

    Continue to 3 of 16 below.
  • 03 of 16

    Calamondin

    Calamondin is a fruit produced from a cross between a sour Mandarin and the kumquat.
    Calamondin Citrus. Image by "highlimitzz" via Flickr

    Calamondin is a cross between a sour Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) and a kumquat (Fortunella marginata). This citrus is not tolerant of freezing or windy conditions. It is drought tolerant once established but especially needs water during fruiting for proper formation.

    Latin Name: X Citrofortunella Microcarpa. Also X Citrofortunella mitis
    Other names: Acid orange, calamondin orange, Panama orange,golden lime, scarlet lime
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11
    Size: Calamondin grows, on average, to be...MORE 6-15' tall and 4-8' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Calamondin should be grown in well draining soil. It can grow in a wide variety of soil types

     

    Continue to 4 of 16 below.
  • 04 of 16

    Citron

    Buddha's Hand citron - citrus
    Buddha's Hand Citron. Photo © Flickr user Wonderferret

    Citron is one of the oldest kinds of citrus fruits. It is often candied and used in desserts, as the citron is mostly rind, with little or no juice.

    Latin Name: Citrus medica
    Origin: First documented use is in Mesopotamia
    Preferred Zones: Zones 10-11
    Size: Citron trees grow 10-15' tall
    Exposure: Full sun​​
    Soil: Citron grows in a wide variety of soils. Add compost or other amendments to allow oxygen to move through the soil
     

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  • 05 of 16

    Grapefruit

    Grapefruit - Citrus
    Grapefruit. Photo © Flickr user VicLic

    Grapefruit is intolerant of freezing conditions. The grapefruit is believed by most botanists to be a cross between a pummelo and a sweet orange. The pulp may come in shades of white, pink or red.

    Latin Name: Citrus X paradisi
    Origin: The Caribbean
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11
    Size: 10-45' tall and 15' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Grapefruit can grow in a wide variety of soils. Choose a grapefruit variety that performs well in your particular soil type for best results

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  • 06 of 16

    Key Lime

    Key Lime - Citrus
    Citrus aurantifolia. Photo © Flickr user adamjtaylor

    Key lime is a famous species of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) that may also be called Mexican lime or West Indian lime. It is sweeter than the larger Persian lime and is well-known as the base ingredient in Key lime pie. 

    Latin Name: Citrus aurantifolia
    Origin: Indonesia and Malaysian region
    Preferred Zones: Zones 10-11
    Size: Key lime trees grow about 10-12' tall and wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Key limes can grow in most soils, but clay soil should be avoided

     

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  • 07 of 16

    Kumquat

    Kumquat - Citrus
    Kumquats. Photo © Flickr user orphanjones

    Technically speaking, the kumquat (Citrus japonica) is not a citrus fruit, but it is very closely related. It was separated out into its own genus around 1915 and formerly classified as a Fortunella. The name kumquat means "golden tangerine" in Cantonese. There are also crosses such as the orangequat, calamondin and limequat.

    Latin Name: Citrus japonica
    Origin: South Asia and Asia Pacific Regions
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11. Can be grown in Zone 8 with protection
    Size: The kumquat will grow...MORE 4-15' tall, depending on the variety
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Kumquats need soil that drains well and is nutrient-rich

    Continue to 8 of 16 below.
  • 08 of 16

    Lemon

    One of the most familiar citrus fruits of all is the lemon.
    Lemons. Photo © Flickr user Yogi

    One of the most familiar citrus fruits of all is the lemon. The juice, pulp and peel are used in a wide variety of recipes. Lemons are not tolerant of freezing or windy conditions, but they can be hardy during drought if they receive enough water during fruiting for proper formation. 

    Latin Name: Citrus limon
    Origin: Uncertain, but thought to be Asia
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11
    Size: Lemon trees grow to be 10-30' tall and 12-15' wide depending on variety
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Loam with good...MORE drainage
     

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  • 09 of 16

    Mandarin Orange

    Mandarin Orange - Citrus
    Mandarin Orange. Photo © Flickr user Cindy Funk

    The mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) has three classes: mandarin, tangerine, and satsuma. All are commonly eaten by themselves or used in salads, and have a sweet juicy flavor that is great for snacking.

    Latin Name: Citrus reticulata
    Origin: Asia
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11
    Size: 10-25' tall and wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Can tolerate a wide variety of soils, but make sure that it drains well

    Continue to 10 of 16 below.
  • 10 of 16

    Orange

    Orange - Citrus
    Citrus sinensis. Photo © Flickr user mattieb

    The orange, or Citrus sinensis, is the common sweet orange. Two of the most well-known varieties of the orange are Valencia and Washington Navel.

    Latin Name: Citrus sinensis
    Origin: Asia
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11. May need a bit of protection in Zone 9
    Size: Orange trees are up to 25' (up to 50' if very old) depending on variety
    Exposure: For best results plant in full sun, but orange trees can be grown in part shade
    Soil: According to Purdue University, "It is important to select the...MORE appropriate rootstock for particular soil conditions." Fine sand is preferred in Florida, while deep loams are best in California

    Continue to 11 of 16 below.
  • 11 of 16

    Persian Lime

    Persian Lime - Citrus
    Persian Lime. Photo © Flickr user *clairity*

    The Persian lime (Citrus latifolia) is also known as the Tahiti lime. It is usually seedless and is widely used for lime juices. This is the kind of lime you will usually see in the grocery store or used for a garnish on cocktail drinks.

    Latin Name: Citrus latifolia
    Origin: Unknown
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11
    Size: Persian lime trees grow 15-20' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Persian limes need a soil that drains well

     

    Continue to 12 of 16 below.
  • 12 of 16

    Pummelo

    Pummelo - Citrus
    Pummelo. Photo © Flickr user Doctor Swan

    The pummelo (Citrus maxima) is the largest of the citrus fruits. It is the ancestor of the grapefruit and tangelo.

    Latin Name: Citrus maxima
    Origin: Asia
    Preferred Zones: Zones 10-11. May grow in Zone 9 with protection
    Size: Pummelo trees usually grow 10-20' tall, though they can grow as tall as 50' over time
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Plant in a location with well-drained soil
     

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  • 13 of 16

    Tangelo

    Tangelo - Citrus
    Tangelo. Photo © Flickr user jessicafm

    The tangelo (Citrus paradisi × Citrus reticulata) is a cross between a mandarin orange and a pummelo or grapefruit. The size depends on the variety chosen; they can be as small as an orange or as large as a grapefruit. Varieties include 'Minneola' and the Ugli fruit.

    Latin Name: Citrus paradisi × Citrus reticulata
    Origin: First bred in California
    Preferred Zones: Zones 10-11
    Size: Tangelo tree size will vary by variety chosen; around 10-15' on average
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Can be grown in a...MORE variety of well-drained soils
     

    Continue to 14 of 16 below.
  • 14 of 16

    Tangerine

    Tangerine - Citrus
    Tangerine. Photo © Flickr user andydr

    The tangerine is simply one class of the mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata), usually with red-orange skin. The most well-known variety of tangerine is the Clementine.

    Latin Name: Citrus reticulata
    Origin: Asia
    Preferred Zones: Zones 9-11
    Size: 10-25' tall and wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Can tolerate a wide variety of soils. Make sure that it drains well
     

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  • 15 of 16

    Ugli® Fruit

    Ugli Fruit - Citrus
    Ugli Fruit. Photo © Flickr user emme-dk

    The Ugli® fruit (Citrus reticulata x Citrus paradisi) is the brand name for a Jamaican tangelo hybrid said to have been a cross between the bitter orange, grapefruit and tangerine. The name comes from its unsightly appearance. It is usually 4-6" in diameter.

    Latin Name: Citrus reticulata x paradisi
    Origin: Jamaica
    Preferred Zones: ​Zones 8B-10
    Size: Usually grows about 15-20' tall​​
    Exposure: Full sun
    Soil: Does best in well-drained soil

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  • 16 of 16

    Yuzu Tree

    The yuzu is used in Asian foods and drinks
    Yuzu. Image by Kei! via Flickr

    The yuzu isn't usually eaten fresh. Instead, the juice and rind are used in preparing Asian cuisine like drinks, sauces and sweets. The oil from the skin is also used as a fragrance. Some interesting recipes to try with yuzu include Beef Shabu Shabu, Modern Smuggler Cocktail and Ponzu Sauce.

    Latin Name: Citrus ichangensis (Ichang papeda) × Citrus reticulata (sour mandarin). Some may use Citrus junos
    Origin: Asia
    Preferred Zones: The yuzu can survive in colder regions that most citrus and can grow...MORE as low as Zone 7
    Size: A shrub or small tree up to 25' tall
    Exposure: Plant in full sun