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Drill Holes in Your Clamshell
Using a large(isn) drill bit. I've found a ceramic bit works really well. Turn shell upside down and drill two large holes. I have found that doing this on the lawn, instead of a hard surface is a good idea, because the shells are brittle and can splinter on a hard surface.Continue to 3 of 10 below.
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Drainage Holes for Miniature Container Garden
Hens and chicks are succulents and need good drainage, so make sure your holes are large enough not to get plugged up. The holes will let any excess water escape so your plants don't sit in water which can make them rot.Continue to 4 of 10 below.
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Prepare Sphagnum Moss
You are going to line your shell with sphagnum moss, but first you need to wet it. Put dry sphagnum moss in a bucket of water and submerge it let it sit until it feels completely soaked. I have read that you can get a skin fungus from moss, though I've never had it happen. If you are concerned it is a good idea to rubber wear gloves.Continue to 5 of 10 below.
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Wring Out Moss
Wring excess water out of moss until it is just damp.Continue to 6 of 10 below.
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Make a Nest of Moss in Clamshell
Take a small bit of damp moss and press it into clamshell - you don't need much. The moss will cover your drainage holes, letting water out while keeping your soil in. If you don't have moss, you can use a small piece of paper towel, or cut a coffee filter to fit over the holes. I like how the moss looks.Continue to 7 of 10 below.
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Add Soil to Your Miniature Container Garden
Add potting soil to your clamshell and gently pat it down. I use a light, organic soil with a slow release fertilizer already added.
Gently water soil until it is moist.Continue to 8 of 10 below.
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Prepare Hens and Chicks for Miniature Container Garden
Take your hens and chicks out of their nursery pot. Gently pull them apart - they should separate pretty easily. The hens are the large rosettes and the chicks can be connected to a hen by a ropey shoot called a stolon. If a chick is connected by a stolon, just cut off the stolen at the base of the chick.
Don't include any flowering hens in your container garden because they die after flowering and will leave a hole.Continue to 9 of 10 below.
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Plant Hens and Chicks in Miniature Container Garden
To plant your individual hens and chicks, gently press them into the damp soil. You can pack the rosettes in - they root easily so will even survive if just lightly resting on the soil. If you do have holes between the rosettes, consider adding a topdressing like gravel or sand.Continue to 10 of 10 below.
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Caring for Hens and Chicks
When you are happy with your arrangement, place your miniature container garden in a sunny protected spot. However, if you live in a very hot climate, your hens and chicks will be happier in partial sun. Also keep them protected from strong winds. Add water when soil is pretty dry.