Terrariums are incredibly easy to make and maintain. However, there are some pitfalls that you want to avoid.
Too Much Light
It is easy to roast plants living in terrariums. The glass can act as a magnifier and burn your plants. Temperatures can get really hot inside your jar and before you know it, your terrarium can get as steamy as a sauna. Most plants just can't take this kind of heat, so it is best to keep terrariums out of direct sun.
Too Little Light
Most plants need some light to survive. While there are lots of great low-light plants, there is almost no such thing as a no-light plant. While you can use grow lights or fluorescent lights, placement near a window also works well. Just so your plants are getting some light.
Too Close to Radiators
The heat of a radiator can kill your plants quickly. Think of how fast a car with the windows closed sitting in the sun can get hot. If you put your terrarium on or near a radiator that is what conditions will be like inside your jar and most plants won't like that.
Letting Plants Get Scraggly
Leaving Dying Plants
If a plant is looking bad in your terrarium, get rid of it fast or remove dead or dying leaves. If the plant is diseased, take it out immediately as it can infect other plants. If a plant is just plain ugly, it can ruin the look of your whole terrarium so take that out too. Simply dig the plant out with a small shovel, terrarium tool, or long spoon, being careful not to disturb the roots of other plants (as much as you can). Replace the plant with one of a similar size and light requirement, making sure to surround the roots with soil, leaving no air pockets.
Every once in a while you will want to clean the glass of your terrarium both inside and out. You can use a damp piece of newsprint or a lint-free cloth. Do not use any harsh cleaning products on the inside of the terrarium because it may present a danger to your plants.
It is easy to over-water terrariums. One way to prevent it is to use a spray bottle instead of pouring water. It is easier to lightly water if you spray. If you do over water, try to absorb any extra with a paper towel. Leave the top off of your terrarium until it has dried out.
Most terrariums do not need any fertilizer at all. Because you want to keep your plants small, you shouldn't feed them, which will cause new growth and the plants will quickly outgrow their confined space.
Choosing the Wrong Plants
While it is possible to grow almost anything in a terrarium, it is important to choose plants that will thrive in the type of terrarium you are creating. If you are making a closed terrarium, choose plants that like to be moist. Also, make sure to choose plants for the amount of light they will be exposed to. Low or medium light plants generally work best, but make sure if you get a medium light plant, you are actually giving it that light level.
Growing Succulents in Closed Terrariums
Succulents generally thrive high light and low moisture environments. If you put them in a closed terrarium, it is usually far too humid for most to thrive. You can solve this dilemma by simply creating a glass dish garden without a top. Note that even a large jar will be too humid; you want air to be able to circulate around your succulents.