Pictures of Concrete Flooring Surface Treatments

  • 01 of 08

    Mottled Brown Stained Concrete Kitchen Floor

    stained concrete
    Josh and Melanie Rosenthal/flickr/CC by SA 2.0

    Concrete is an extremely durable, long lasting, low maintenance material. In most buildings, a concrete slab is part of the foundation of the structure, and the surface of this material can often be found lurking beneath other floor coverings. In its natural state concrete has a grayish color that is slightly mottled, with the exact shade being determined by the chemical composition of the mix, the environmental factors present, and the speed at which is set.

    However, there are a number of treatments that can be used to enhance the surface appearance of a concrete floor. Many of these will provide additional protection for the concrete, sealing it against water penetration and forming an easy to clean layer over the core of the already durable slab structure. Depending on the state of the material and the treatment used, you can achieve a wide variety of exotic effects with most concrete surfaces.

    In the picture above you see a concrete kitchen floor that has been stained with a mottled brown surface treatment. Concrete is great in kitchens because it can be made impervious to water and most staining agents, which means that it is very low maintenance. The use of mixed colors as opposed to solids also helps to hide the presence of dirt to some extent.

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  • 02 of 08

    Acid Stained Concrete Restaurant Flooring

    acid stained concrete floor

    Acid staining is a process that changes the surface of a concrete slab in an unpredictable way. When you apply hydrochloric or phosphoric acid mixed with salts to the floor, the acid opens the pores, while the salts cause a chemical reaction, which leads to discoloration in its surface. The results will vary based on the porosity of the concrete, the materials used in its mix, and the age of the slab.

    In this restaurant, a solid concrete floor has been acid stained to achieve a unique brown and gold marbleized effect that stretches across the surface of the entire room. Achieving this same effect with real marble would require the use of very expensive, high maintenance slabs.

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  • 03 of 08

    Acid Stained Concrete Floor With Etched Faux Grout Lines

    etched acid stained floor

    Because acid staining is a technique that will have variable results, you want to apply a little bit of the chemical to a small out of the way portion of the floor before treating the entire surface. This will give you an idea of what the colors will look like through the entire room. In this living room, acid staining has resulted in a very dark floor material that has mottled waves of chocolate brown running through its surface.

    The grout lines in the above floor were created by etching the concrete after the staining process was complete. This helps to further simulate the look of natural stone tiling. You can also use etching to create unique patterns, motifs, and designs within the surface of the floor.

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  • 04 of 08

    Stained Concrete Floor With an Off White Hide Rug

    concrete floor with rugs
    © 2012, HGTV/Scripps Networks, LLC. All Rights Reserved

    In some cases, concrete can be a bit severe in both appearance and feel. In this picture, a kitchen's concrete floor has been stained with a solid brown water-based agent. This creates a smooth, clean surface that is uniform across the entire room.

    However, on its own, this can be a little bit harsh and may lack warmth and personality. That is why it is being paired with an off-white hide rug. This will help to create visual contrast in the space, while also providing soft comfort.

    Because a concrete floor can be hard on feet and knees, rugs should be placed strategically in these rooms, in places where you will do the most standing and kneeling. In a kitchen, this is often in front of a sink, or near a counter where you do the majority of your food preparation.

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  • 05 of 08

    Polished Concrete In a Modern Industrial Style Loft

    concrete loft flooring
    © 2012, HGTV/Scripps Networks, LLC. All Rights Reserved

    Concrete is a common element in many modern loft style apartments. The severity of the surface is smooth, geometric, and linear, which serves to elicit an almost Zen-like sense of emptiness and openness. In this scene a finished surface floor is contrasted with an unfinished concrete beam, creating an interplay of industrial and decorative elements which has an inherent dynamic tension, making this space visually appealing in a unique way.

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  • 06 of 08

    Polished Concrete Nightclub Flooring

    concrete nightclub flooring

    Concrete is not just industrial flooring anymore. With the right treatments, and set in the right color and style scheme, you can achieve some unique effects with this versatile material. Here we see a polished and tinted concrete floor in an underground nightclub. The use of contrasting colors and strategic illumination serves to create an environment that looks almost otherworldly.

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  • 07 of 08

    Epoxy Treated Concrete Flooring

    epoxy concrete floor covering

    Epoxy treatments are often used to seal and repair a damaged concrete subfloor. Epoxy is a very strong material that can be poured into cracks and crevices to help level out the surface of the material. In addition to that, epoxy is available in a variety of colors, allowing you to create unique designs and patterns.

    The picture above shows the lobby of an office with a concrete floor treated with an epoxy coating in a variety of colors. Rather than having a functional industrial feel, the colors serve to create an almost surreal modern style effect within the space. This is then enhanced through the use of unique art pieces and design elements such as the gray concrete dividing wall trailing through the center of the room.

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  • 08 of 08

    Black And White Checkerboard Concrete Flooring

    epoxy concrete flooring

    This picture shows another example of an epoxy treatment giving a concrete floor a decidedly non-concrete look. Here black and white epoxy has been applied in contrasting squares, to create the look of a classic checkerboard tile kitchen, while maintaining the durability and ease of maintenance that concrete can bring to this environment.