When you decide to have a brick floor installed in your home, you need to be able to estimate what the material costs are going to be. If you are doing the work yourself then this helps you to set a spending budget. If you are having a contractor do the work, then understanding the actual material costs involved will prevent you from being ripped off.
Things to Consider
There are three things to consider when it comes to brick flooring and its cost.
- Material: The first thing you have to do when determining a brick flooring project is to understand the cost of the material. This will range from roughly $1.00 per square foot up to $3,00 per square foot. Of course, specialty inlaid medallions will cost more.
- Installation costs: Brick is heavy, it's difficult to install fresh, and it requires a professional. You should double the cost of any installation project where you will not be doing the work yourself. If you are the contractor then you have to add at least 25 percent to 50 percent for waste due to mistakes.
- Transport: Brick is heavy. Another factor is installation. You can get lower prices online but the shipping costs will increase that. You also have to be aware of return costs.
How to Calculate Cost
Luckily the formulas necessary to calculate how much material is necessary for a given space are all simple and can be used no matter the size of the bricks, or of the surface, they will be covering.
Cost of brick floor pavers: Prices range from $0.50 a brick all the way up to $5.00 per piece for specialty or recycled materials.
Calculating the Floor Area
The first thing that you want to do is get a tape measure and try to take very accurate measurements of all of the walls in the room where the brick will be installed. Measure each wall at least twice, and write the numbers down along with labels so that you do not forget them.
Next, get a piece of graph paper and create a scale that will represent each square on the pad. Most people count each square as being either 6” or 12” in length and width for the sake of convenience. Using this scale, take the measurements which you wrote down and sketch a rough outline of the room.
Note: Make sure to write down your measurements in inches. If you use whole feet you will have to convert your equations back into inches before you will be able to find out the number of bricks needed for a given area.
You now have to try and find the area of the space where the floor is to be installed.
- Area of a rectangle or square: Length X Width
- Area of a triangle: (Base X Height) / 2; (Where height represents a straight line from the base to the perpendicularly placed adjacent point)
If your room is not a perfect square, rectangle, or triangle, you can use the graph paper to divide it into different quadrants. You can then use the formulas above to calculate the area of each quadrant. These areas can then be added together to get the entire size of the room.
Calculating the Brick Area
Next, you need to find the area of the surface of the pavers that you are interested in using. For square and rectangular bricks this is once again Base X Height. This will give you the surface dimensions of a single brick.
Finally, take the surface area of the entire floor, and divide it by the surface area of the single brick. The number that you get is a rough estimate of the number of bricks that you will need to complete the floor. You generally want to add about 5 percent to 10 percent to this number to account for cracks and breakage, odd cuts that may be necessary, and off-colored pieces that you might wish to discard.
The price per brick multiplied by the number of bricks that you will need will yield your material cost. In order to get a total estimate for the project, you also have to account for any grout, and adhesives that will be used, as well as wax or sealers that will be necessary to protect the surface of the floor once the work is complete.