For being such a popular textile, it's a wonder why most of us don't know much about linen fabric. It was once so popular that even now, well past the age of cotton and well into the era of artificial materials, all laundry is often referred to as linens. It was once so precious that it was the material of choice for wrapping the bodies of mummies in Egypt—a fact which has contributed greatly to the preservation of these ancient treasures. Today, linen is used to make clothing, curtains, tablecloths, pillows, rugs, rope, and more. It's even blended with cotton to make the sturdy, paper-like substance that's used to create dollar bills.
What Makes Linen
Linen is a sustainable fabric made from flax fibers. The flax plant has been cultivated in just about every country in the world and has been used to make fiber for over six thousand years. To extract the fibers, the plants are either cut or pulled by hand from the ground (it's said that pulling creates finer linen). The seeds are then removed through a process called winnowing or ripping, followed by retting which removes the plant stock from the fibers. Once the fibers are separated to collect the longest pieces, which can be up to 20 centimeters long, they are then spun into yarn and eventually woven into fabric.
The Benefits of Linen
The resulting linen textile is two to three times stronger than cotton and dries at a much faster rate. Because of its porous nature, linen has natural heat and moisture-wicking properties that make it a good conductor of warmth and a popular fabric to use for clothing or bedding in the summer. The natural fibers also hold dye colors better than some other materials, and thus the fabric is available in almost any color your can imagine. Linen is also naturally anti-bacterial, which had made it a popular choice for bandages for centuries and a favorite for window treatments and accessories such as accent pillows.
Linen does have a few downsides as well. As a fabric, it has little elasticity so it can wrinkle quite a bit. It's also more expensive than cotton. But despite these drawbacks, linen remains every bit as popular and smart a choice for home decorating accessories as it was when it was first discovered centuries ago.
Linen is notorious for being wrinkly. If you like the look and feel of linen clothing, prepare to do a lot of ironing if you want to keep wrinkles at bay. Although some people embrace the wrinkles for a more casual look. Using a high heat on your iron and a touch of spray starch (especially on collars) will get you the smooth and crips results. But don't be fooled—once you wear your linen garment it's bound to get at least a little wrinkly. If you want to avoid wrinkles all together, give linen blend fabrics a try as they tend to be much more smooth. Be sure your linen clothes are completely dry before wearing, as wrinkles can be even more exaggerated when the material is damp.
Linen will soften as you wear it over time and it can be washed in the washing machine. Much like cotton, it has a tendency to shrink, so it's a good idea to wash your linen items in cold or warm water. If you'd like the fabric to remain more crisp and sturdy, dry cleaning your linen clothing is best.