Old appliances are a challenge to get rid of. You can't toss them in the trash or even disassemble them for the recycling bin because they're made with heavy metals and contain motors, toxic refrigerants, and other parts that aren't suitable for wholesale disposal. You'd think you could just donate that old refrigerator, but often it's more complicated than that. Fortunately, there are several options.
Trade It In
If you're upgrading to a new appliance, it's quite common for the dealer to agree to remove the old one when delivering the new unit. Sometimes they charge a nominal fee, especially when it comes to refrigerators, which must be serviced and prepared properly for disposal. This type of removal is the best strategy when upgrading any large appliance. Let them deal with taking away and disposing of the old one.
You can also check with your local utility to see if they have a removal service for older energy-guzzling appliances. Many utilities offer a rebate for your trade-in, and you might be surprised to learn how recent the old refrigerator model can be and still qualify for this promotion.
You might have an appliance is that is in new condition or is only gently used. These appliances can be sold and are very much in demand. You can try to sell them at a garage or yard sale or sell them to a local appliance reseller. In either case, clean them up and make sure they have all their parts. Appliances with missing parts have much less value than complete units. Having the original packaging and product manuals is even better.
As for price, consider what you would pay for the item if you were doing the shopping at a yard sale. Don't expect to get near the full value or even close to half price for an appliance, even if it has never been used. Have an electrical outlet handy so purchasers can try the appliance before buying.
If having a yard or garage sale is not your cup of tea, many non-profit groups, churches, community thrift stores, and trash-to-treasure startups will be happy to take working appliances for free. Many companies will pick them up, saving you that hassle. Check your community for local outlets. Some centers operate with proceeds going to cancer research or another worthwhile cause, so donating unwanted appliances to these centers benefits the community. There are also centers that accept appliances to recycle them for use by needy families.
Scrap-metal dealers accept some appliances for drop-off or will pick up appliances at your home, often for a small fee. There are also companies that accept working and non-working appliances for repair and resale. They may pay a small amount for working units that are relatively new.
Wait for a Dump Day
Cities of all sizes commonly host "dump days" in which residents can donate or dispose of a variety of household goods, including working and non-working appliances. This may be free for residents, or you may pay a nominal entry fee or by the piece for specific appliances and equipment. In any case, the fees tend to be low. If you can hold on to your unwanted appliance until the next dump day, this can be an inexpensive and efficient option. Check with your city office for information on the next dump day or seasonal recycling event.