How to Dry Pottery and Clay Objects

Ceramic pottery
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  • 01 of 05

    General Guidelines for Drying Pottery and Clay Objects

    Pottery drying on shelves, showing placement for good air circulation.
    Pottery drying on shelves, showing placement for good air circulation. Photo © 2009 Beth E Peterson

    Drying the pottery and clay objects we make is an important step in getting it ready to be fired. There are two overriding considerations. 1) Clay objects, especially those with protuberances or uneven thickness (e.g. handles) need to be dried evenly. 2) All clay should be bone dry before being loaded into the kiln for bisquing.

    General Guidelines:

    • Place pots on shelves so that air can freely circulate around each piece.
    • Do not force dry pottery. Using heaters or hot air blowers like hair dryers...MORE can cause severe cracking, especially when the clay is already leather-hard or drier.
    • Slow, even drying is best. If pieces are drying too quickly, cover them loosely with plastic. If there is high humidity, cover the piece with newspaper, then plastic. The newspaper will absorb any condensation.
    • Do not attempt to dry an object beyond leather-hard without removing any inflexible armatures. An armature that cannot be compressed easily enough will cause the clay to crack.
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  • 02 of 05

    Use Wire Racks to Dry Clay Slabs and Tiles

    A clay slab drying on a wire rack, which allows evaporation to take place from all surfaces.
    A clay slab drying on a wire rack, which allows evaporation to take place from all surfaces. Photo © 2009 Beth E Peterson

    Slabs and tiles are especially prone to warping and cracking because they usually have only one long surface exposed to the air, causing the slab to dry unevenly.

    One method to enable a slab or tile to dry evenly is to place it on a wire rack after it has been formed. In our example photo, you can see that the slab was placed on the rack with a scrap of fabric beneath it. The slab was rolled out on this fabric, then lifted in sling-like fashion and moved to the rack. Doing it this way helps...MORE decrease the possibility of the clay being folded or severely bent which causes internal stress that can also lead to warping.

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  • 03 of 05

    Use Drywall to Dry Clay Slabs and Tiles

    Diagram of how to use drywall to dry clay slabs and tiles evenly.
    Diagram of how to use drywall to dry clay slabs and tiles evenly. Photo © 2009 Beth E Peterson

    Because drywall is made with plaster, it can be very useful when working with slabs and tiles. Just like plaster, drywall will absorb moisture from the clay. Be sure to get regular drywall, not the types that have moisture barriers to reduce mold.

    Roll slabs or tiles on sheets of newspaper. Once rolled, transfer the slab or tiles to the first piece of drywall. Cover with another sheet of newspaper, then place the second piece of drywall on top. Repeat as needed.

    The drywall will absorb moisture...MORE from the slabs and tiles from both sides, allowing the clay to dry evenly and slowly. Allow the slabs or tiles to remain sandwiched in the pieces of drywall until stiff leather-hard or bone dry.

    Important! Any speck of plaster dust or particles that get into your clay can cause it to explode in the kiln. Be sure to have sealed any cut or open edges of the pieces of drywall. I use three strips of duct tape per edge; one centered down the edge and one overlapping the first strip of tape on either side of the sheet of drywall.

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  • 04 of 05

    Dry Clay Lids and Jars Together

    Dry the lid and jar together to ensure the best fit.
    Dry the lid and jar together to ensure the best fit. In this way, any warping will effect both in the same way. Photo © 2009 Beth E Peterson

    Whenever you have a lidded form, whether it is hand built or thrown, you need to join the lid and jar together as soon as they are dry enough to retain their shape under the weight. This will help ensure that the lid and jar will continue to match one another. Warping while drying or in the kiln can make a lid unable to fit in its jar, otherwise.

    While the clay is at all damp, you cannot place the lid directly on it or the clay may weld itself to the jar's clay. Therefore, tear pieces of...MORE paper towel and lay across the area where lid and jar meet. You can see parts of the paper toweling sticking out in our example photo of this jar with its untrimmed lid.

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  • 05 of 05

    How to Dry Large Pots and Clay Objects in Progress

    Cover the coiled pot with plastic to slow the drying down. This reduces problems with cracking.
    Cover the coiled pot with plastic to slow the drying down. This reduces problems with cracking. Photo © 2009 Beth E Peterson

    When working on a large project, we often run across the problem of needing the bottom of a pot or clay object to stiffen enough to take the weight as we continue to build the upper areas. To do this, there are a few options depending upon how soon you will be back to work on the piece.

    • I'll be right by the piece as I work on other pieces: Cover the upper edges with folded damp paper towels and leave the rest of the piece uncovered. When the paper towels are fairly dry, check to see if the...MORE bottom area is stiff enough for you to continue.
    • I'll be gone a little while: Cover the piece loosely with plastic, allowing the bottom area to be exposed to the air. Check on the piece's stiffness every hour or so.
    • I'll be back tomorrow: Cover the upper edges with folded, very damp paper towels, then cover the entire piece loosely with plastic.