How to Crochet a Scarf

Free Crochet Scarf Pattern Easy Enough for Total Beginners

Easy Crochet Scarf
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Crochet patterns don't get any easier than this one; this is just about the most basic crochet scarf pattern you could ask for, which makes it the perfect crochet accessory pattern for beginners. In addition to being an easy pattern, it's written for people who don't have extensive experience reading crochet patterns. There aren't abbreviations and there are a lot of tips to help you along the way.

Crochet Stitches:​

There are only two crochet stitches you'll need to know: the chain stitch and the single crochet stitch. If you haven't yet learned how to do these stitches then make sure that you practice those first then come back to this pattern.

Materials You Will Need to Crochet This Scarf:

  • Yarn: You will need at least five ounces of worsted weight yarn to crochet this beginner's scarf. If you aren't sure which type of yarn you want to buy, check out the guide: Which yarn should a beginner buy? If you want to make a wide scarf, go for at least 7 ounces of the yarn. The amount of ounces is shown on the yarn label.
  • Crochet Hook: A size K crochet hook is a good starting point for the first time that you make this crochet scarf. However, you can change to a smaller or larger crochet hook if you make the pattern more than once. One of the beautiful things about crochet is that it is made by human beings, not machines. Each crocheter is unique, and each crocheter's work is unique. Crochet is as much art as it is craft. Each painter's brush stroke is an individual artistic expression, and you can think of each crochet stitch in the same way. So feel free to use this same pattern with other yarn and hook sizes to achieve different creative effects. 
  • Tapestry needle for weaving in ends.

Finished Scarf Size:

Worked as intended, this scarf measures 84 inches (7 feet) long by 4 inches wide. Scarves can vary in size without altering function so don't worry if yours isn't quite the same. You will learn as you go.


8 single crochet stitches = 3 inches.

There are a couple of different ways you could check your gauge. You could either crochet a gauge swatch measuring at least 4 inches square (bigger is better.) You'd crochet this in single crochet stitch using the exact same yarn and crochet hook you'll use to crochet your scarf. Then you measure the center 3 inches of the swatch to see how many stitches per inch you are working with that particular combination of hook and yarn.

The other option is to just jump into crocheting the scarf, and hope for the best. There's a chance your gauge would be off. This would create either a larger or smaller scarf. You can get a sense of which it might be once you have worked several rows of the scarf. If you have more than 8 stitches per 3 inches, it means that your stitches are turning out smaller than planned and your scarf will be smaller. If you have your heart set on a seven foot long scarf you may wish to switch to a larger crochet hook and start over. If you're comfortable with having a shorter scarf then don't feel obligated to start over. The nice thing about this crochet pattern is that it is large enough that a tight gauge won't make your project unusable at all.

Likewise, if you find that you have fewer than 8 stitches per 3 inches, it means your stitches are turning out larger than planned.

In that case, your scarf is likely to turn out really, really long; you also risk running out of yarn. This will use up more yarn and will create a larger scarf; you can decide whether you want to start over or not. If you do, you will switch to a smaller crochet hook to achieve the correct gauge.

Crochet Scarf Instructions:

Pull out a length of yarn measuring at least six inches or longer; leave this length unworked and make a slip knot after that point. Then, being careful to work with the end attached to the ball of yarn (rather than the cut end) crochet a long starting chain consisting of 224 chain stitches. Tip: You can use stitch markers every ten or twenty stitches as you work to keep better track and make it easier to count at the end. Don't worry if your count is a little off, though, it's not going to effect your scarf dramatically.

Row 1: Work a single crochet stitch in the second chain from your hook.

If you're thinking "second chain from my hook? huh?" keep the following in mind: After you've crocheted your chain, you'll have an active loop still on your hook. Don't count your active loop; start counting with the first chain adjacent to the active loop. You'll work into the chain stitch that's on the other side of that one, the second chain from your crochet hook.

Continue working single crochet stitches all the way across your starting chain. You'll work one single crochet stitch into each chain stitch, until you've reached the end. When you get to the end, count your single crochet stitches to make sure you have a total of 223. Again, stitch markers are useful here. Tip: If your count is off, you may have added or subtracted a stitch, which often happens at the beginning and end of rows; you'll want to get the count right from Row 1 on or your scarf won't have even edges.

Next, you'll crochet one chain stitch at the end of the row to use as a turning chain. Then flip your work horizontally, so that you can work back across the piece. When you flip the work, you'll be looking at the side that used to be facing away from you. In crochet, this is called the "wrong side".

Row 2: If you look carefully at the top of the row of single crochet stitches you just made, you'll see that each stitch has two loops at the top. When you work your single crochet stitches from this point on, be careful to work through both of these loops together -- meaning that you will insert your crochet hook underneath both of the loops, not just one loop or the other.

Note: Single crochet stitch is typically worked through both loops, but it is possible to work through only one loop to get a different effect. Small changes like this can make a big difference in how your project turns out. Learn more about all of the possibilities for single crochet here.

Working through both loops, work a single crochet stitch into the last single crochet stitch you made in row 1.

Continue working 1 single crochet stitch into each single crochet stitch, all the way across the row. Be sure to count your stitches and make sure you have 223 stitches in the row. (Again, stitch markers are helpful and it is important that your count is correct.) Work one chain stitch at the end of the row and turn the work over horizontally so you can work back across again.

Rows 3 and Up: Repeat row 2 until your scarf is the desired width. Worked as intended, 13 rows should turn out to be about 4" wide.

When you crochet the last row, do not work a turning chain afterwards, because you'll be finishing your work rather than turning it over and continuing.

How to End Off:

Leave a length of yarn at the end measuring at least six inches. Cut the yarn, taking care not to drop your active loop. Wrap the cut length of yarn around your hook, grab it with the hook, and pull it all the way through the active loop. Give it a gentle tug to ensure that it is tight and will not come undone. Thread the cut end of this yarn onto a tapestry needle and use it to weave in your ends. After you weave in both ends, the scarf is ready to be worn.