Ornamental grasses are wonderful for adding multiple seasons of interest in the garden. Whether grouped in clusters or planted singly as focal points, ornamental grasses add instant texture and form to the garden at any time of the year. The grasses listed here are especially useful for adding fall color to the landscape. Some even look great throughout winter.
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Blue Oat Grass
Blue Oat Grass (Helictotrichon sempervirens) forms a tidy porcupine-like clump, in the garden. It keeps its beautiful blue color all season, accenting it in the fall with light brown terminal panicles. Blue oat grass can remain evergreen through winter. USDA Hardiness Zones 4-9
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Feather Reed Grass (Calamagrostis x acutiflora) is a cool season plant and will be one of the first ornamental grasses to shoot up in spring. It will also be one of the first to go to seed. 'Stricta' and 'Karl Foerster' will have reddish seed pods and 'Overdam', shown here, turns golden. USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 9
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Flame Grass (Miscanthus sinensis 'Purpurascens') can be a very flashy addition to your fall garden. The flowers burst into a red blaze of bloom, at eye level. Although it is still classified as Miscanthus sinensis it differs in appearance from the more common maiden grasses and may not be a relation at all. USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8
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Fountain Grasses (Pennisetum alopecuroides ) are some of the most reliable and attractive ornamental grasses you can grow. 'Rubrum' here, keeps its red color all season. Pennisetum 'Moudry' is another good choice for fall color. Its leaves stay green as its flowers change to burgundy. Hardiness Zones 4 - 9Continue to 5 of 13 below.
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Japanese Forest Grass (Hakonechloa macra 'Aureola') looks good at any time of the year, but the golden yellow color is a great foil for all the purples, rusts and reds in the fall garden. This is a slow growing grass, with a weeping habit. USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 9
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New Zealand Flax (Phormium) USDA is not a grass, but it is often used like one. These spiky plants come in an array of colors for an season, but those with bronze and purples in their leaves become focal points in fall. They also look great in containers. Hardiness Zones 9 - 10
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Pheasant's-tail grass (Anemanthele lessoniana) is a open form grass that sway and follow the breeze. It's also know as gossamer grass or New Zealand wind grass. In fall, the leaf blades become tinged with copper streaks that reflect the sun. USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 10
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Pink Muhly Grass
Pink Muhly Grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris) isn't a tall grass, topping out at about 3 ft., but it sure is flashy. In late summer, it becomes covered in pink hued flower heads that catch every breeze and add a cloud of soft color to the garden. USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 11Continue to 9 of 13 below.
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Red Hood Sedge
Red Hood (Uncinia uncinata 'rubra') is a sedge, not a grass, but it's a well behaved one. The plant is small, growing only about a foot in all directions, but it has a glowing bronze color all season, that's all the more noticeable in the fall. USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 11
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Red Switch Grass
Red Switch Grass (Panicum virgatum) 'Shenandoah' is the shortest, slowest growing, and showiest of all the red switch grasses. It starts to change from green to red, early in the growing season. by fall, it's on fire. USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 9
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Tall Moor Grass
Tall Moor Grass (Molinia caerulea subsp. arundinacea) sits at about 3 ft. tall, most of the season. Toward fall, it sends up 6 - 7 ft. delicate flower stalks and turns a seasonal golden yellow. It's narrow width and tall flowers make it perfect for a small garden. USDA Hardiness Zones 5-9Continue to 13 of 13 below.
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Vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides, syn. Vetiveria zizanioides) forms a thick clump that can reach heights of 4 - 5 ft. Its light green leaves develop a bronze cast, as the weather cools. USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 10