Who Are the Feng Shui Gods of Wealth: Fuk Luk Sau?

Fuk, Luk and Sau
pereboom / Getty Images

The three feng shui gods of wealth are Fuk, Luk, and Sau. Also known as the three immortals or the three wise men, these deities constitute a traditional feng shui remedy to attract health, wealth, and prosperity into a person's life. There are many legends about the three gods. A popular belief says they are a representation of specific celestial energy that is available for the benefit of humans. Although they are typically displayed together in feng shui, each god carries different symbolism and energy. Their energies work together to create a harmonious balance.


The Chinese character Fuk (or Fu) means "good luck" or "good fortune." And the deity Fuk represents blessings of luck, health, and happiness. There is a popular belief that Fuk is the personification of the planet Jupiter, with all of its associated energy of good luck. In feng shui statues and other depictions, Fuk is often seen holding either a scroll or a child and wearing the garb of a scholar. The child is there to symbolize the transmission of good luck to future generations, and the scroll can be perceived as the importance of knowledge and learning.


One meaning of Luk (or Lu) is "salary," and the energy of the god Luk is stability, influence, success, and financial abundance. Luk stands in the middle of the other two deities and is often depicted holding either a gold bar or a ru yi, a scepter that symbolizes power and authority.


Sau (or Shou) means "longevity." The god Sau is typically depicted as a wise old man with a high forehead and a warm, happy smile. He often holds a staff to show his old age and symbolize longevity. And he carries a peach, which is considered to be a symbol of youth, beauty, and immortality. 

Fuk Luk Sau Placement

Referred to collectively as Fuk Luk Sau, statues of these gods are always placed in a row in a specific order. To the left is always Fuk, with the energy of good luck. In the center is Luk, with the promise of success and financial stability. And to the right is Sau, smiling and offering the gifts of longevity and a peaceful life.

Fuk Luk Sau should be placed in a formal area of your home or office with high visibility. Common choices include a high table or shelf in the living room or behind the front desk of a business. It’s also believed that if you place Fuk Luk Sau in a prominent location facing your dining table, it can attract powerful blessings of wealth and abundance for all the members of your household.

On the other hand, it's considered bad feng shui to place Fuk Luk Sau on low surfaces or in informal spaces, such as the kitchen, bathroom, or bedroom. A high placement is both a sign of respect, as well as a symbol of rising to success in life.

Finally, even though they're often called gods and treated with great respect, people do not specifically pray to Fuk Luk Sau. However, incense, candles, and flowers are often offered to these gods of wealth in hopes of them bestowing their gifts on humans.

Watch Now: What is the Definition of Feng Shui?