The golden marguerite (Anthemis tinctoria) is a daisy-like perennial, sometimes called yellow chamomile. Unlike chamomile and its white petals, this flower produces blossoms with deep yellow, disc-shaped petals. The foliage is finely textured and has a faint aroma, similar to that of the more common varieties of chamomile. Its long stems (up to 2 feet tall) make them a top choice for bouquets and gardens. They are native to warmer, southern regions of Europe but are frequently found in North America, where they enjoy temperate climates. Golden marguerites can be toxic to animals.
|Common Names||Golden marguerite, yellow chamomile|
|Botanical Name||Anthemis tinctoria|
|Mature Size||2-3 ft. tall, 1-1.5 ft. wide|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun|
|Soil Type||Well-drained, loamy, sandy|
|Soil pH||Neutral to alkaline|
|Hardiness Zones||3-7 (USDA)|
|Toxicity||Toxic to animals|
Golden Marguerite Care
To successfully grow golden marguerite, adhere to the plant's light, water, and nutrient preferences. Golden marguerites can tolerate various soil conditions and pH. Still, to produce a bounty of bright, beautiful blooms, these plants demand plenty of sunshine and must be kept moist but not overwatered. Despite its drought resistance, the golden marguerite does best in temperate conditions and can be overwintered indoors.
The golden marguerite is generally very easygoing and isn't associated with specific issues, such as leaf drop or discoloration. It is, however, prone to some insects, like aphids, slugs, or snails. Appropriate watering practices will help lower the chances of an infestation. Ensure a healthy, vibrant bloom by deadheading flowers and lightly pruning.
The golden marguerite is a perennial that does best in full sun. Ideally, locate this plant in a spot that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. The plant can also tolerate partial shade conditions, but it is not suited for sites with full shade.
The golden marguerite can tolerate various soils, even nutrient-poor, salty, and dry soil. However, it does best with neutral to alkaline, sandy, or loamy soil. The golden marguerite needs loose, well-draining soil and doesn't grow well in heavy, clay-type ground conditions.
The golden marguerite is generally drought-tolerant. This makes it a good choice if your garden undergoes periods of dry weather. Still, the golden marguerite will thrive and produce the most abundant flora and foliage with regular watering. Maintain correct soil moisture by ensuring the soil dries between watering sessions.
Temperature and Humidity
Temperate climates are best for the golden marguerite. Although the plant is drought-resistant, hot and humid temperatures aren't ideal. These conditions often lead to a shortened lifespan. Hardy in USDA zones 3-7, this plant will even display an evergreen nature in climates with a mild winter.
Fertilizing a golden marguerite is typically unnecessary. Soil that is too rich in nutrients can produce leggy plants that struggle to stand upright. It's best to avoid fertilizing golden marguerite plants.
Types of Golden Marguerite
- Anthemis tinctoria ‘E.C. Buxton’
- Anthemis tinctoria ‘Kelwayi’
- Anthemis tinctoria ‘Wargrave Variety’
- Anthemis tinctoria ‘Grallagh Gold’
- Anthemis tinctoria ‘Sauce Hollandaise’
It's best to prune your golden marguerite by deadheading its flowers, year-round, as needed, but especially pre-winter. You should prune the plant to 4 inches to aid with the growth of new shoots and flowers.
Propagating Golden Marguerite
You can easily propagate golden marguerites with divisions to create uniformity in your garden. The growth rate of these plants often requires division every two years, ideally in the spring before the growing season begins in earnest. Here's how to propagate:
- Dig up the plant, leaving its root system intact.
- Set the plant on the ground and use a shovel or other sharp-edged gardening tool to cut the parent plant's foliage and roots into several equal portions.
- The new individual plants can be transplanted and should be generously watered.
How to Grow Golden Marguerite From Seeds
To grow a golden marguerite from seeds, begin by collecting seeds from spent blossoms. Start the seeds indoors using growing trays and a soil medium designed for germination. The seeds will start to germinate between two to four weeks, at which point you can transplant them to a new location in your garden if the last frost of the season has occurred. Otherwise, continue to cultivate indoors until winter is over.
Although golden marguerites can withstand mild winter temperatures, they will not survive frosts or wet winters. Prepare for cold weather by deadheading flowers. You can overwinter golden marguerites indoors, transplanting them to a pot with good drainage that receives ample sunlight.
How to Get Golden Marguerite to Bloom
In the summer, the golden marguerite blooms into daisy-like clusters of flowers, producing an herby, chamomile fragrance. Its flowers are a deep, bright yellow and usually bloom for three months. While they are classified as perennials, some gardeners find that they are better defined as biennials. The best way to ensure blooming solid golden marguerites is to deadhead the blossoms. Doing so can encourage the plant to produce fresh new blooms and keep it vibrant into early fall.
Do golden marguerites have medicinal properties?
Unlike chamomile, the golden marguerite doesn't possess significant medicinal properties. However, it can be consumed and may be used in teas.
How long do golden marguerites live?
Although golden marguerites are considered to be perennials, in some cases they only survive for two to three seasons.
What else can you use golden marguerites for?
Although golden marguerites do not have medicinal qualities, their vibrant yellow color can be used for fabric dye.