Greek Cross Quilt Block and Quilt Pattern

  • 01 of 04

    How to Make Greek Cross Quilt Blocks

    Greek Cross Quilt Block Pattern
    Greek Cross Quilt Block. Janet Wickell

    This Greek Cross quilt block pattern is just one of the variations you'll find of the popular Greek Cross design. The differences are usually in the scale of the half square triangle units used in the corners of the quilt block -- the quick-pieced triangles used in this quilt block are larger than those in some of the other versions.

    It's easy to alter the appearance of a Greek Cross quilt block by simply changing the color value of its patches. The drawings on page 2 and the Greek Cross...MORE quilt pattern on page 4 offer examples of the different appearances you can create by altering color and value.

    Take a look at both of those pages before you choose fabrics for your Greek Cross quilt blocks.

    Finished Block Size: 10" x 10"

    I've written another variation of the Greek Cross Quilt Block that finishes at 12-inches square -- refer to that block pattern to see which version you like best.

    Continue to 2 of 4 below.
  • 02 of 04

    Change the Appearance of Greek Cross Quilt Blocks

    Greek Cross Quilt Block Pattern
    Changing the color and/or color value within Greek Cross patches can dramatically affect its appearance. © Janet Wickell

    Change Greek Cross Quilt Block by Altering Color and Color Value

    All four drawings represent the same Greek Cross quilt block that's shown on page 1, but with changes to color and color value (contrast).

    Notice how different the block appears when those two components are changed.

    Make a scrap quilt from the quilt blocks or create a theme by selecting any fabrics that you love.

    About Color
    Color Value Basics
    Color Wheel Simplified

    Continue to 3 of 4 below.
  • 03 of 04

    Assemble the Greek Cross Quilt Block

    Greek Cross Quilt Block Pattern
    Assemble the Greek Cross quilt block. © Janet Wickell

    The half square triangle units in Greek Cross are made using a simple quick piecing method (change cutting instructions to use another technique), and the bars between those units are strip pieced.

    Fabrics for One Greek Cross Quilt Block

    Pale green background print:

    • (2) 4-7/8" x 4-7/8" squares
    • (1) 3-1/4" x 10-1/2" strip

    Medium-light brown print for half square triangle units:

    • (2) 4-7/8" x 4-7/8" squares

    Darker brown print for patchwork bars that separate half square triangle...MORE units:

    • (1) 1-3/4" x 10-1/2" strip

    Green print for center square:

    • (1) 2-1/2" x 2-1/2" square

    Sew the Quilt Block

    1. Sew the green and brown 10-1/2" long strips together lengthwise as shown, top left. Press to set the seam and then press seam allowance towards the darker fabric.
    2. Square up one end of the strip set to form a 90-degree angle with its long side. Beginning at the squared up edge, cut (4) 2-1/2" segments from the strip set.
    3. Draw a diagonal line, from one corner to the opposite corner, on the reverse side of each 4-7/8" background square.
    4. Pair each of the two squares with a brown square of the same size. Use an easy quick piecing method to turn each pair into two half square triangle units. When complete, each of the four units should measure 4-1/2" x 4-1/2".
    5. Referring to the drawing, lower left, arrange components into three rows as shown. Sew components of each row together, pressing seam allowances towards the green/dark brown strip pieced units.
    6. Sew the rows together, carefully matching all edges and seam intersections. Press. The Greek Cross quilt block should measure 10-1/2" x 10-1/2".
    Continue to 4 of 4 below.
  • 04 of 04

    Greek Cross Quilt Pattern

    Greek Cross Quilt Block Pattern
    Example of one layout possibility for a Greek Cross quilt. © Janet Wickell

    Make a 64-1/2" x 84-1/2" Greek Cross Quilt

    Even though they appear to differ, all of the Greek Cross quilt blocks in this quilt are constructed in exactly the same way as the blocks on page 3. The differences are a result of varying color and color value arrangements.

    The quilt shown finishes at 64-1/2" x 84-1/2", which includes a 1/4" binding.

    Light green for blocks and wide border: 3-1/4 yards

    Darker green for blocks: 7/8 yard

    Brown for narrow border and binding: 1-1/2 yards...MORE (you'll need about 323 running inches of doublefold binding strips)

    Dark brown for blocks: 1 yard

    Medium brown for blocks: 3/4 yard

    Quilt Backing: about 5-3/8 yards of a 42" wide fabric, or a panel of wide fabric that measures about 73" x 93" (how to make quilt backing)

    Cutting Instructions

    Start by cutting a portion of your fabric. Cut remaining fabric after assembling a sample block or two.

    For blocks like the Greek Cross in top row, first block on left (18 blocks):

    Half Square Triangle Units

    • (36) 4-7/8" x 4-7/8" medium brown squares
    • (36) 4-7/8" x 4-7/8" light green squares

      Make (72) half square triangle units from squares as directed on page 3.

    Remaining Patchwork

    • (18) 2-1/2" x 2-1/2" green squares for block centers
    • (5) 3-1/4" wide light green strips, each cut selvage to selvage
    • (5) 1-3/4" wide dark brown strips, each cut selvage to selvage

      Make strip sets from strips as shown on page 3. Cut a total of (72) 2-1/2" segments from the strip sets.

      Use the components above to make 18 quilt blocks; see page 3 for diagrams.

    For blocks like the Greek Cross in the second row, first block on left (17 blocks):

    Half Square Triangle Units

    • (34) 4-7/8" x 4-7/8" dark brown squares
    • (34) 4-7/8" x 4-7/8" light green squares

      Make (68) half square triangle units from squares as directed on page 3.

    Remaining Patchwork

    • (17) 2-1/2" x 2-1/2" green squares for block centers
    • (5) 3-1/4" wide dark green strips, each cut selvage to selvage
    • (5) 1-3/4" wide medium brown strips, each cut selvage to selvage

      Make strip sets from strips as you did previously, but substituting colors. Cut a total of (68) 2-1/2" segments from the strip sets.

      Use the components above to make 17 quilt blocks; see page 3 for diagrams and refer to the quilt on this page for layout.

    Assembly

    Sew the blocks into rows, alternating block types as shown.

    Borders

    Add the inner border first and then sew the outer border. Sew side borders first for each round.

    • Use 2-1/2" wide brown strips for the inner border.
    • Use 5-1/2" wide light green strips for the outer border.

    Borders are an opportunity to square up the quilt. See How to Sew Butted Borders for more information.

    Mark the quilt for quilting if necessary and sandwich the top with batting and backing. Baste and quilt. Use the binding strips to add doublefold mitered binding.