Aglaonema, also known as Chinese Evergreen, is a highly decorative plant with several interesting varieties. It is one of the most popular houseplants and the color variations—from dark green to silver, and some with hints of red—add to your home's decor.
Aglaonemas are slow-growing, attractive, and make excellent foliage plants. They have large, narrow, and glossy oval leaves on short stems. Best of all, it does not like full sun, so it is perfect for indoors, especially if window light is a commodity in your home.
|Common Name||Chinese Evergreen|
|Mature Size||10–48 inches|
|Sun Exposure||Low to bright light, depending on variety|
|Soil Type||Well-draining potting soil|
|Soil pH||Lightly acidic|
|Bloom Time||Spring, summer|
|Native Area||Asia, New Guinea|
How to Grow Aglaonema Plants
There seems to be a little controversy over whether this plant is easy or difficult to grow. In general, it is easy if you follow one simple rule: the lighter the variegation, the more light it needs. Once you understand how that applies to your aglaonema, you should have no problems.
The number one rule to remember for aglaonema care is to keep it warm and moist. If you do, you will be rewarded with a long-lasting, stable houseplant that will not outgrow its pot anytime soon. It really is a great choice if you struggle with houseplants but want some colorful foliage around the house.
The darker green varieties of aglaonema can grow in near shade, while the variegated varieties require brighter light. Do not expose any variety of aglaonema to direct sun.
A well-drained, lightly acidic potting soil is perfect for aglaonemas.
Water thoroughly in the summer and mist the plant often to raise the humidity. During the winter, reduce watering but do not let the plant dry out completely.
Temperature and Humidity
These plants do not like cold drafts or temperatures below 65 degrees. Be sure to keep it away from drafty windows or vents and the warmer the spot you can find, the better.
Due to its high humidity requirements, some growers consider aglaonema to be a greenhouse plant. It will do best in the warm, humid, and bright environment of a greenhouse, but it can be successfully grown indoors by coming as close as possible to these conditions.
Feed your aglaonema with slow-release pellets or liquid fertilizer during the growing season.
Potting and Repotting
Aglaonemas are slow-growing and will only need repotting every two to three years. They are also generally low-growing plants, so their trunks will be revealed very gradually.
Aglaonemas are not typically propagated by home growers. You can, however, divide the plants during repotting. Small shoots can also be potted as individual plants.
Toxicity of Aglaonemas
Beware of the fruit of the A. crispum, which is toxic. It is best to avoid this variety if you have children or pets who may be curious about its tiny red fruits.
Varieties of Aglaonemas
Aglaonemas have been hybridized to produce interesting variegated leaves. The A. commutatum is widely available, in both the Silver Spear (variegated) form and a green form. A pure green A. modestum is seen more rarely. Other variegated forms include A. pictum, A. Silver Queen (almost totally silver), and A. pseudobracteatum.
Chinese Evergreen, Aglaonema. University of Florida Extension