The Jasminum genus includes about 200 species of broadleaf evergreens and shrubs native to warm regions of Asia and Eurasia. Many of the vining species are very popular as climbers for outdoor gardens in USDA zones 8 to 11, and several of these are also popular houseplants. Indoors or out, the heavenly scent of flowering jasmine is greatly appreciated.
When grown as houseplants, the vining jasmines vary in difficulty, but one species that stands out for this use is pink jasmine (Jasminum polyathum), which also goes by the names white jasmine, Chinese jasmine, or winter-blooming jasmine. In late winter, white jasmine produces a profusion of reddish-pink buds that transform into star-shaped white flowers tinged with pink. Such ample blooming is unusual among houseplants.
|Botanical Name||Jasminum polyanthum|
|Common Names||Pink jasmine, white jasmine, Chinese jasmine, winter-blooming jasmine|
|Plant Type||Broadleaf evergreen climber|
|Mature Size||20 feet long|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun to part shade|
|Soil Type||Any well-drained soil|
|Bloom Time||Late winter|
|Flower Color||White and pink|
|Hardiness Zones||8 to 12 (USDA)|
|Native Area||Western China|
How to Grow Vining Jasmine Plants
To grow jasmine well, provide it some direct sunlight in the summer, constant moisture throughout the year (although a bit drier in the winter), and cooler temperatures in the fall to stimulate flowering. These plants are much more cold- tolerant than many people think and have no problem tolerating fall temperatures of 40 degrees Fahrenheit. If your plant doesn't bloom, chances are it didn't get a cool period in the fall it needs to stimulate blooms.
Vining jasmines growing in containers will require a large pot and a sturdy climbing support. Use a moist, peat-based potting mix. A potted plant will enjoy being moved outdoors for the warmer months of the year, and it can be left there until weather dips down near 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
A healthy potted jasmine vine can be kept for many years, providing you keep it well pruned and in fresh potting soil. You shouldn't have to jump these up in container size once they reach your desired size, but you will have to occasionally refresh the roots by root pruning them and providing fresh potting soil.
Jasmine is vulnerable to common houseplant pests, including aphids, mealy bugs, scale, and whitefly. If possible, identify the infestation as early as possible and treat with the least toxic option. Mealybugs, the most common pest, can be treated by dabbing them with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.
Light requirements vary by species, but most do well in full sun to part shade. White jasmine (J. polyanthum) prefers bright light and can even handle some direct sunlight. When grown indoors, it will want the brightest location you can find.
For indoor plants, any standard peat-based or coir-based potting mix with added drainage material will do a good job. When planted outdoors, vining jasmines require loose, humusy soil that is very well-drained.
The soil or potting mix should be kept lightly moist but not saturated. The plant can be allowed to dry out slightly in the late fall and winter. With indoor plants, make sure the pot has good drainage.
Temperature and Humidity
The temperature preferences for vining jasmines varies by species. White jasmine can tolerate cooler temperatures—40 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Potted plants are often moved outdoors to from late spring to early fall.
Feed with a weak liquid fertilizer throughout the growing season.
Pruning Vining Jasmine
Outdoors, a vining jasmine plant can usually be left to its own to climb where it wants, but as an indoor plant, it will need to be pruned regularly to keep it under control. Prune them somewhat aggressively at the beginning of the growing season to control rampant growth and provide some growing support. These are commonly grown with an arch or trellis for growth support. Be careful not to let your jasmine run you—if you keep it pruned, it will be healthier and easier to manage.
Potting and Repotting
Jasmines grown indoors do not need to be repotted as frequently as other houseplants, but they should be moved to a pot with fresh soil every three years or so. Use fresh potting mix, and prune down the roots when you move the plant, so they have plenty of room to grow.
Propagating Vining Jasmine
Vining jasmine can be easily propagated by stem-tip cuttings. Take the cuttings at the same time you repot the plant. To increase your chances of success, use a rooting hormone and place the cuttings in a warm, bright location with high humidity and a steady, but careful, supply of water. New growth should emerge in a few weeks.
Varieties of Vining Jasmine
- White jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum) is one of the easiest vining jasmines to grow indoors. It is also known as pink jasmine or Chinese jasmine.
- Orange jasmine (Murraya paniculata) features small glossy leaves and small white flowers with a delicate citrusy scent. A favorite cultivar is 'Lakeview', which grows to 15 feet.
- Arabian jasmine (J. sambac) has intensely fragrant flowers. It is a shorter plant, growing to about 5 feet tall.
- Primrose jasmine (J. primulinum) has a shrub-like growth habit and yellow, non-fragrant flowers. It is sometimes categorized as Jasminum mesnyi. Keep in mind, though, that a jasmine that is non-twining will still need aggressive pruning in the early spring to remain contained.