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Potbelly Seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis)
The Big Belly or Potbelly Seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis) is one of the largest seahorse species in the world with a length of up to 35 cm. The Big Belly Seahorse is found in the waters near Australia and New Zealand among algae, seagrasses, and rocky reefs in shallow water, and attached to sponges and colonial hydroids in deeper areas.
In the wild, these Seahorses begin breeding after they have reached one year of age. The male seahorse broods 300-700 young at a time, and can have up to four... broods in a summer.Continue to 2 of 21 below.
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Myrtle Beach Aquarium Baby Seahorses
Seahorses are more vertically oriented than horizontally. That is to say that they like to move up and down in an aquarium more than side to side. For this reason, a seahorse tank should be at least 18 inches tall. The DIY Seahorse tank we designed and constructed had a 12" by 12" footprint and was 22 inches tall and worked very well for two Dwarfs and the Striped Mandarinfish we kept in the tank.Continue to 3 of 21 below.
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Myrtle Beach Aquarium "Seahorse Tree"
Seahorse Food & Feeding
Seahorses should be fed at least twice per day. The best food for captive bred seahorses is frozen Mysis shrimp. If you obtain an aquacultured seahorse, it is probably already eating Mysis, so getting it to eat in your tank should not be a problem. Wild caught Seahorses, on the other hand, can be difficult to get to eat hand fed foods.
Frozen Mysis Shrimp is arguably the best food for Seahorses. Frozen Brine Shrimp would also be a good second choice, but the Mysis... Shrimp appears to be higher in protein content. If you can find them, live Mysis or Brine Shrimp would also make excellent foods. A large population of either Amphipods and/or Copepods in a Seahorse tank also makes an excellent food supplement and gives the Seahorses something to do during the day (hunting for food). Culturing Amphipods and Copepods as well as Growing Out Brine Shrimp for Fish Food after you have hatched them out in a DIY Brine Shrimp Hatchery are excellent ways to always have fresh, high quality food available for your Seahorses.Continue to 4 of 21 below.
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Myrtle Beach Aquarium Seahorse
Thinking about trying your hand at keeping a few Seahorses? Introducing Seahorses to Your Saltwater Aquarium is an excellent source of information to get you started.Continue to 5 of 21 below.
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Atlantic Seahorse (Hippocampus erectus)
Debbie's Atlantic Seahorse (Hippocampus erectus), taken in our DIY 12g Seahorse Tank.
The Atlantic Seahorse (Hippocampus erectus) is also known as the Lined Seahorse, Northern Seahorse or Spotted Seahorse. It is found in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and Venezuela.Continue to 7 of 21 below.
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Lined Seahorse (H. erectus) Seahorse
Seahorses have many colors, but like this Lined (H. erectus) seahorse that was black, they can change their color and how they look to match their surroundings.
Why do seahorses change colors? Camouflage is the main line of defense for all seahorses, so it's not unusual for them to not only change colors, but adapt variations in their markings to match and blend into their surroundings.
Here are two good examples of how seahorses can do this. The Lined Seahorse pictured here and the one in the... next two photos are of individual Hippocampus erectus seahorses that were received at the same time. Both started out black and were placed in an aquarium together. After this one took to the artificial seaweed-like corkscrew val plant in the aquarium as its hiding place, it turned pale yellowish-green in color. What did the other Lined Seahorse do? See for yourself and Learn more about the Lined Seahorse
While they are tenacious in their pursuit of food, Seahorses are not aggressive feeders, doing best in a tank with slower moving fish such as the Mandarin Dragonet. Slow swimming Seahorses also do not fare well in aquariums with more than a very light current. The DIY Seahorse Tank which is taller, rather than wider, was specifically designed to house a Seahorse or two and a Mandarin Dragonet.Continue to 8 of 21 below.
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Lined Seahorse (Hippocampus erectus)
Light and dark gray striped and pinkish colored, this (H. erectus) seahorse shows there's no limit to color when it comes to a seahorses camouflaging abilities.
About the Many Colors of Seahorses: Seahorses are typically described as having general ranges of colorations. The Lined Seahorse is typically described as ranging from black to yellow in color, but you can see from this Hippocampus erectus picture, there's no limitations when to comes to colors, because seahorses are truly... masters of camouflage.Continue to 9 of 21 below.
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Lined Seahorse (Hippocampus erectus)
This (H. erectus) seahorse was black, but changed to these beautiful gray and pink shades of color with dark and light markings to match its new aquarium setting.
Interesting Seahorse Fact: When it comes to what seahorses look like, it is amazing to think about how none are alike. Even though individuals may start out black for example, each has the unique ability to adapt and change their color as well as appearance at will to match and blend into whatever is around them.
By looking at this... Lined Seahorse picture along with the two previous Hippocampus erectus photos included in this gallery of seahorse pictures, you can see for yourself just how astonishing seahorses are when it comes to the art-of-camouflage.Continue to 10 of 21 below.
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Female Hippocamus sp. Seahorse
As another way to blend in, from this female Hippocampus seahorse photo by LaTonia Hohweiler you can see how some seahorses grow filamentous skin extensions.
Interesting Seahorse Fact: Seahorses are masters of camouflage. To disguise themselves they not only can change their colors and markings at will to perfectly match their surroundings, but some seahorses like this female Hippocampus seahorse can grow filamentous extensions from the skin.
Thinking about adding a Seahorse to your tank? See the... Saltwater Aquarium Fish Compatibility Chart first.Continue to 11 of 21 below.
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Cape Seahorse - Pregnant Male H. capensis
Male seahorses bear and give birth to the babies. Marcia Wills took this picture of her male Cape Seahorse (Hippocampus capensis) when he was pregnant.
Interesting Seahorse Fact: It is male seahorses that bear and give birth to the babies, not females. The male becomes pregnant after receiving eggs into his pouch from a female during a long and fascinating to watch mating dance. Once the eggs are in the male's pouch they are then fertilized. He carries them to term, and upon contractions... lots of tiny newborn baby seahorse fry burst forth and start swimming around.Continue to 12 of 21 below.
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Dwarf Seahorse - Pregnant papa H. zosterae
A pregnant male Dwarf (H. zosterae) Seahorse like any male seahorse gives birth to babies about 3 weeks after eggs are deposited into the brood pouch by a female.
Interesting Seahorse Fact: The Hippocampus zosterae or Dwarf species seahorse grows to less than 2 inches in height. Because this seahorse is so small, when baby dwarf seahorses are born they are very tiny, like not much larger than the size of a pin head, and you have to look really close to see them.Continue to 13 of 21 below.
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A photo of a 6 month old female Seahorse having lunch.Continue to 14 of 21 below.
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2 Brazilian Seahorses
The Brazilian Reidi is also known as the Longsnout Seahorse and is found in the Western Caribbean. It will get along well with small, shy fish such as Gobies, Ocellaris and Percula Clownfish, and Firefish. Aggressive, territorial fish, or fast-moving fish do not make good tank mates.Continue to 15 of 21 below.
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Spiney (Hippocampus hystrix) Seahorse
The Hippocampus hystrix Seahorse, also known as the Thorny Seahorse is widespread throughout the Indo-Pacific. This species favors relatively deep waters (10–95 m) and is usually found below 15 m depths.Continue to 16 of 21 below.
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Panamic Seahorse (Hippocampus ingens).
Keoki snapped this picture of a Panamic Seahorse (Hippocampus ingens) off the west coast of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico. Hippocampus ingens is uncommonly found in seaweed and dead coral off the west coast of Central America.Continue to 17 of 21 below.
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Smooth Seahorse (Hippocampus kuda)
This Smooth Seahorse (Hippocampus kuda) picture taken at the Waikiki Aquarium.
The Smooth Seahorse (Hippocampus kuda) inhabits bays and estuaries but rarely seen, probably due to its ability to camouflage itself to blend in with its surroundings.Continue to 18 of 21 below.
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Gorgonian Pygmy Seahorse (Hippocampus bargibanti)
The Gorgonian Pygmy Seahorse (Hippocampus bargibanti) is found on Red Sea Fan corals from Indonesia to New Caledonia. It attains a size of only about 1 inch.Continue to 19 of 21 below.
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Plucked Chicken Pygmy Seahorse (Hippocampus denise)
The amazing Plucked Chicken Pygmy Seahorse (Hippocampus denise) is found (oddly enough, very rarely) on Orange Sea Fans in the Indo-Malayan region. Keoki snapped this picture at 75 feet off the coast of Wakatobi, Indonesia.Continue to 20 of 21 below.
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Ocean Rider Brazilero (Hippocampus Redii) Seahorse
Ocean Rider Brazilero (Hippocampus Redii) Seahorses are farm bred and raised on the Big Island in Hawaii.Continue to 21 of 21 below.
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Smooth Seahorse (Hippocampus kuda)
This Smooth Seahorse (Hippocampus kuda) picture, taken at the Waikiki Aquarium.
The Smooth Seahorse (Hippocampus kuda) inhabits bays and estuaries but rarely is seen, probably due to its ability to camouflage itself to blend in with its surroundings. The Smooth Seahorse is a popular addition to the DIY Seahorse Tank.