7 Basic Formulas for Homemade Spice Blends

Jars of dried herbs and spices
moggsterb / Getty Images

There are at least four reasons you should make your own seasoning mixes:

  1. It ensures consistency. Mix up your spice blend once, and the proportions stay the same every time you use it.
  2. It makes it easy for kids and others in your household to prepare a meal.
  3. They'll taste better than store bought spice blends, and won't include unnecessary ingredients like preservatives or MSG.
  4. They'll also last longer than store-bought spice blends. The big problem with herbs and spices is they go...MORE stale, losing their flavor and aroma over time. And while homemade blends won't stay fresh forever, they'll certainly be fresh longer than ones you buy at the store—which are probably stale by the time you get them home.
     

As for saving money: Maybe you will and maybe you won't. It's hard to beat the price of a 69-cent packet of taco seasoning. But you'll taste the difference, and you'll have the satisfaction and peace of mind that comes from knowing exactly what went into your spice blend.

Buying Whole Spices and Measurement Conversions

Note that we're using the term "spice blend" interchangeably with "seasoning blend" even though in some cases they will include herbs as well as spices.

And note that the best way to get your hands on the raw materials for creating your spice blends is by buying whole spices and grinding them up in a coffee grinder or spice grinder. As for the herbs, well, they're merely dried leaves, so you don't need to grind them. You'll simply add them to the mix just as they are.

These days you can find bulk spices in most of the big grocery stores. So you can buy anything from a single clove to a pound of them. Needless to say, that's where you should purchase your ingredients—not the regular spice aisle with all the jars.

Remember, too, that to produce a tablespoon of, say, ground cumin, you'll need less than a tablespoon of whole cumin seeds. Or perhaps another way of looking at it is, a tablespoon of whole cumin seeds will produce about 1 1/4 tablespoons of ground cumin.

Other spices convert differently, but as a general rule, figure one part whole spice will yield 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 parts ground. Fortunately, slight variations in quantities aren't going to spoil anything.

Supplies Needed

  • Clean glass jars with tight-fitting lids. The lids are important to keep the seasonings fresh, and glass is important since plastic containers will absorb the smell of the ingredients.
  • Coffee grinder (or a spice grinder, which is basically the same thing). Naturally you'll want to clean the thing out in between uses so you don't have cumin residue going into a spice blend that doesn't include cumin (Although a little extra cumin never hurt anyone).
  • Funnel: Just try getting your spices into the jars without one. Yes, you could try to use a piece of parchment paper, but after spilling spices all over the place a couple of times, you'll want to buy a funnel. Skip that step and use a funnel from the get-go.
  • Labels: Chances are bad that you'll be able to identify any given spice blend solely by looking at it or smelling it. And even if you can, your kids or significant other surely won't. Thus, labels! In addition to the name of the spice blend, you can also write the date you made it. If you notice six months have gone by, you might want to think about making a fresh batch.

Herbs vs. Spices

Most spices are dried seeds, roots or flower buds, or in the case of chiles, dried fruits. And unless the blend calls specifically for whole spices, assume they need to be ground. Thus when you see cumin powder on the list of ingredients, you need to start with whole cumin seed and grind it yourself. Same with things like coriander, fennel and black pepper (technically a dried flower bud, not a seed).

Other ingredients include garlic powder and onion powder, which are garlic and onion respectively, that are dried and then ground into powder. You don't need to grind these, but rather use them straight from the container. 

A Note on Using Dried Herbs: With certain exceptions (like bay leaf, for one), bulk dried herbs will already be ground or crumbled up. That's as much to do with gravity as anything else. If you want to dry your own fresh herbs (like if you grow them in your garden) and then spin them in your coffeemaker, that's great. But you don't have to. The return on all that effort isn't worth the quality improvement over store-bought herbs.

All the recipes below can be doubled (or halved) as needed.

  • 01 of 07

    Chili Powder Mix

    Homemade chili powder seasoning
    Michelle Arnold / EyeEm / Getty Images

    You'll use this one a lot—both on its own and for making some of the other spice blends below. 

    You can (and should) adjust the cayenne pepper to taste. Stir in half of the amount below, taste it and then add the rest a little at a time, tasting after each addition before adding more.

    • 3 tbsp. ground cumin
    • 2 tbsp. garlic powder
    • 1 tbsp. cayenne pepper
    • 1 tbsp. paprika
    • 1 tbsp. ground oregano

    Makes about 1/2 cup.

  • 02 of 07

    Taco Seasoning Mix

    Homemade tacos made with homemade taco seasoning blend
    Lauri Patterson / Getty Images

    Use three tablespoons of this taco seasoning per pound of ground beef. The cayenne pepper is optional, since you already included it in your chili powder (above).

    • 3 tbsp. chili powder
    • 2 tbsp. ground cumin
    • 2 tbsp. paprika
    • 1 tbsp. plus 1 tsp. onion powder
    • 1 tbsp. plus 1 tsp. garlic powder
    • 1/2 tsp. oregano
    • 1/4 tsp. cayenne pepper (optional)

    Makes about 2/3 cup.

  • 03 of 07

    Pumpkin Spice Seasoning

    Pumpkin spice latte with homemade seasoning blend
    Nathalie Pellenkoft / EyeEm / Getty Images

    No, it's not just for making pumpkin spice lattes, but yes, you can definitely use it for that—you know you're going to.

    Other possibilities include using it to season roasted vegetables, swirl it into muffins or pancake batter, or, of course, for making pumpkin pie.

    • 1/4 cup ground cinnamon
    • 2 2/3 tbsp. ground ginger
    • 2 tsp. ground allspice
    • 2 tsp. ground cloves
    • 2 tsp. ground mace
    • 2 tsp. ground nutmeg

    Makes about 1/2 cup.

  • 04 of 07

    Curry Powder Mix

    Spices for homemade curry powder
    Desgrieux / Getty Images

    There are about a thousand ways you can make curry powder, using a thousand different ingredients. But this one is pretty standard and quite mild. You can always add more heat. The ingredient that gives curry powder its characteristic yellow hue is turmeric.

    • 2 tbsp. turmeric
    • 1 tbsp. plus 1 tsp. ground coriander
    • 1 tbsp. ground cumin
    • 2 tsp. cinnamon
    • 2 tsp. ground ginger
    • 1 1/2 tsp. mustard powder
    • 1 tsp. ground cardamom
    • 1 tsp. ground cloves
    • 1/2 tsp. ground black pepper
    • 1/4 tsp. cayenne pepper

    Makes about 1/2...MORE cup.

    Continue to 5 of 7 below.
  • 05 of 07

    Dry Rub for BBQ

    Beef ribs seasoned with dry rub BBQ seasoning
    DebbiSmirnoff / Getty Images

    Here's an all-purpose dry rub that will work equally well on beef, pork or chicken.

    • 1 cup brown sugar
    • 1 cup paprika
    • 2 tbsp. ground black pepper
    • 2 tbsp. kosher salt
    • 2 tbsp. chili powder
    • 2 tbsp. garlic powder
    • 2 tbsp. onion powder

     Makes about 2 1/2 cups.

  • 06 of 07

    Poultry Seasoning Mix

    Fresh chicken with homemade poultry seasoning
    Adél Békefi / Getty Images

    This aromatic poultry seasoning can go on a whole chicken before roasting it, or on chicken pieces that are going to be roasted. Use it just like you'd use a dry rub.

    • 2 tbsp. dried rosemary
    • 2 tbsp. ground sage
    • 2 tbsp. dried thyme
    • 2 tbsp. dried marjoram
    • 2 tbsp. celery salt
    • 1 1/2 tsp. ground black pepper

    Makes about 2/3 cup.

  • 07 of 07

    Homemade Seasoned Salt

    Homemade seasoned salt blend
    Westend61 / Getty Images

    Another all-purpose seasoning that will go with anything savory: hamburgers, chicken breasts, grilled vegetables, even soups and broths.

    • 1/2 cup kosher salt
    • 1/4 cup ground black pepper
    • 2 tbsp. paprika
    • 1 tbsp. onion powder
    • 1 tbsp. garlic powder

    Makes about 1 cup.