How Much to Plant Per Person in the Vegetable Garden

Vegetable garden in raised garden beds with eggplant and tomatoes hanging

The Spruce / Alandra Chavarria

How much of each vegetable should you plant to feed a family of four for the growing season and beyond? The answer to that will depend on a number of factors such as, which vegetables you like to eat and whether you’ll be using your vegetable garden to grow for fresh eating or for preserving.

How much of each vegetable to plant also depends on the size and layout of your garden. You generally get more yield in a small space if you garden in wide rows. In “How To Grow More Vegetables”, intensive gardening guru, John Jeavons, says you’ll need about 200 sq.ft. per person to grow enough vegetables and soft fruits for the growing season at intermediate yields. To grow all the food for one person's needs for the whole year requires, for most people, at least 4,000 square feet—though some diet designs are possible that can use a smaller area. Four thousand sq. ft. isn't possible for most of us, but you can grow enough of your favorite vegetables in a much smaller footprint to eat fresh all summer and put up some for the winter months.

Knowing how much of each vegetable to plant is a bit trickier. That depends on how well things grow, which vegetables you prefer and how often you’ll be eating it. In truth, you won’t really know how many vegetables to plant for your family until you’ve got a few years experience under your belt. Even then, tastes change.

Some plants simply take up more space. Artichokes, asparagus, and rhubarb are perennial plants that need to sit in the garden all season. Vining crops, like squash, cucumbers, and melons will need room to spread out or up. On the other hand, many crops can be planted in succession, planting only a few feet of a row every 2 to 3 weeks so that a new crop is continually coming in. Succession planting is very dependent on the length of your growing season. Warm climates can do several plantings of corn, while cooler climates can squeeze in a second planting of peas.

If you have limited space, you can extend your harvest season by planting different types of the same vegetable: early, mid and late maturing varieties.

Use the chart below as general guidelines of how much to plant, for a family of four, for the most commonly grown vegetables.

This chart is meant to give you some general guidelines for the most commonly grown vegetables. Of course, if you love peppers but hate cabbage, you can always adjust.

Vegetable garden in raised bed with multiple colored greens and vegetables planted for multiple people closeup

The Spruce / Alandra Chavarria

How Much to Plant (For a Family of Four)

Asparagus 40 Plants Perennial
Beets 10' Spring and Fall Crop
Broccoli 5 Plants Cool Season Crop
Brussels Sprouts 5 Plants Cool Season Crop
Beans, Bush 15' Succession Plant
Beans, Pole 3 Poles Single Planting
Cabbage 5 Plants Spring and Fall Crop
Carrots 10' Succession Plant
Cauliflower 5 Plants Spring and Fall Crop
Chard 5 Plants Re-Grows after Harvesting Outer Leaves
Corn 15' Succession Plant and Multiple Varieties
Cucumbers 2 hills Single Planting
Greens 10' Spring and Fall Crop
Kale 5 Plants Single Planting
Lettuce, Leaf 10' Succession Plant
Onions 5' Single Planting
Peas 10' Succession, Spring and Fall
Peppers 3 Plants Single Planting
Radishes 5' Succession Plant
Squash, Summer 2 Hills Single Planting, Multiple Varieties
Tomatoes 5 Plants Single Planting, Multiple Varieties
Turnips 10' Spring and Fall Crop