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The Ultimate Guide


How to Clean a Refrigerator

Empty American style fridge.
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A refrigerator is the hub of our kitchen. We depend on it to safely store all of our perishable foods until we're ready to use them. Unfortunately, the refrigerator takes a lot of abuse. We stuff it full. We forget about leftovers. We leave spills until they've crystallized. Then we complain when there's even the slightest unpleasant odor. Find out all the steps you need to know to clean your refrigerator.

How to Clean Your Refrigerator 

  1. Remove the FoodToss any old or expired food into the trash. Remove the food that is still good for a cooler with ice to keep it safe and cold while you clean the remainder of the refrigerator.
  2. Remove Shelves and DrawersTake out all removable drawers and shelves and set them aside. Drawers and shelves that are made of metal or plastic can actually be washed with hot water and dish soap right away, but glass and ceramic pieces need to gradually warm up to room temperature before being washed with hot water to prevent cracking and breaking.
  3. Wipe Down Refrigerator InteriorUse a clean cloth with hot water and a mild detergent like dish soap. Work from top to bottom to prevent dripping on surfaces that are already clean. Tough stuck on spills may need a plastic, non-abrasive scrubber. Another option is to lay a warm wet cloth over the spilled area for a few minutes. The spilled area will be softer and easier to wipe away. Rinse cloths thoroughly and/or use multiple cloths to ensure cleanliness. Pay special attention to the bottom crevices and back of the refrigerator where spills tend to migrate. Finally, wipe down the interior doors.
  1. Clean Shelves and DrawersNow that your shelves and drawers have had time to warm up gradually, take a few moments and clean and dry them thoroughly. Be careful, especially when handling slippery glass shelving. Dishwashing gloves may be helpful to prevent breakage.
  2. Dry InteriorUsing a clean dry cloth or towel. Wipe down the interior of the refrigerator to make sure it is completely dry. Don't forget to dry the interior doors as well.
  3. Replace the FoodPut the food back into the refrigerator. Now is also a good time to wipe off any jars or containers of food that may need it, like a sticky jelly jar or a crusty salad dressing lid. Take care to use clean cloths when working with your food jars and dry them thoroughly as well.
  4. Clean Out the FreezerUse the same methods listed above to clean out a freezer. The great thing about freezers is that they rarely have spills and need to be scrubbed out much less often. You may need to only check for and remove expired food. If the freezer does require more thorough cleaning, you can use the same methods used in the refrigerator.
  1. Clean the OutsideStarting from the top, wipe down and clean the exterior of the refrigerator using hot/warm water and a mild dish soap. If you have a stainless steel refrigerator, you'll need to use a soft non-scratching rag, and vinegar or a window cleaner to keep the surface shiny. Don't forget to clean the rubber gasket seal around the edges of the door using dish soap and warm water. Dirt and grime can collect here and cause the seal to crack.
  2. Seasonally: Check the Drip PanSome refrigerator models have a removable drip pan that collects the condensation from the refrigerator. Remove the grill from the bottom front of your refrigerator and use a flashlight to locate the drip pan. It will be on top of condenser coils. Drip pans can become moldy and gross over time, so wear gloves and be prepared. Remove the drip pan and clean thoroughly before replacing. You may need to use bleach. When in doubt refer to the manufacturer's instructions and follow them. Dry and replace the drip pan and front grill.
  1. Seasonally: Vacuum the Refrigerator CoilsUnplug the refrigerator and move it out from the wall carefully and slowly. For models with the coils on the back of the refrigerator, use the brush attachment to vacuum the coils. Some side by side and built-in models may have coils located behind a vent on the top, bottom or back of the refrigerator. Some models even have vents screwed on over the coils. On these models, you'll need to use a long narrow crevice attachment for your vacuum cleaner. Refer to your owner's manual for assistance. Put the refrigerator back and plug it back in.

Fridge Cleaning Tips

  1. Wiping up spills as they occur, and throwing out old food every week, will go a long way to keeping your refrigerator clean.
  2. Adding a box of baking soda can work wonder for eliminating odors in the refrigerator and freezer. This is great if you don't want your butter to taste like fajita onions.

What You Need

  • A Cooler With Ice
  • Lots of Fresh Cleaning Cloths
  • Dish Soap
  • Hot Water
  • Plastic Non-Abrasive Scrubber
  • Vinegar or Glass Cleaner ( for stainless steel models)
  • Dishwashing Gloves
  • Bleach
  • Flashlight
  • Vacuum Cleaner (with crevice and brush attachments)