How to Clean and Care for Football Uniforms

Red football uniforms being cleaned and hung up to dry next to wicker laundry basket

The Spruce / Nelly Cuanalo

Project Overview
  • Working Time: 30 mins
  • Total Time: 2 hrs - 1 day
  • Skill Level: Intermediate

Keeping football gear and uniforms, especially white jerseys and pants, clean, odor-free, and looking like winners doesn’t need to be such a chore. Follow these pointers for keeping football uniforms looking their best all season long.

Almost every football uniform is made from a heavyweight polyester knit or mesh. The fabric is durable, has stretch for ease of movement, and is easier to care for than cotton. The key to success is using the right water temperature, detergent, and stain removal processes.

How Often to Clean Football Uniforms

Train your athlete to give you the uniform as soon as he or she walks in the door after practice or a game. Just about every sports uniform winds up dirty and stinking, so the faster it can get in the washer, the better chance you’ll have of eliminating stains and odors.

What You'll Need

Equipment / Tools

  • Large sink, bucket, or plastic storage tub
  • Clean cloth
  • Washing machine
  • Mesh laundry bag


  • Heavy-duty laundry detergent
  • Baking soda
  • Anti-odor disinfectant spray
  • Enzyme-based stain remover (optional)
  • Distilled white vinegar (optional)


Materials and tools to clean and care for football uniforms

The Spruce / Nelly Cuanalo

How to Wash Football Uniforms
Detergent Heavy-duty
Water Temperature Cold to warm
Cycle Type Normal
Drying Cycle Type Do not machine-dry
Special Treatments Presoak
Iron Settings Do not iron
  1. Rinse the Uniform

    After each game or practice, rinse off the uniform in a utility sink with cold water to remove as much loose dirt and mud as possible. If you don’t have a utility sink, hang the uniform over a clothesline, and spray it down with a hose.

    Red football uniforms hung on clothes line and rinsed with hose

    The Spruce / Nelly Cuanalo

  2. Presoak the Uniform

    Presoaking is essential for getting a uniform clean. Fill a large sink, bucket, or plastic storage tub with warm (not hot) water. Add 2–3 tablespoons heavy-duty laundry detergent and 1 cup baking soda.

    Allow the uniform to soak for at least one hour or overnight. The detergent starts working on stains, and the baking soda will help reduce the odors. This process is safe for both colored and white fabrics, but it's best to have separate soaking tubs for colors and whites.

    Red football uniform being presoaked in plastic bin with water, laundry detergent and baking soda

    The Spruce / Nelly Cuanalo

  3. Pretreat Stains

    If the presoak did not remove all stains, follow these tips for mud and grass stains.

    • Mud: Scrape off any excess dirt from the fabric, and apply some heavy-duty detergent with a soft-bristled brush. If the mud is caused by red clay, make a paste of oxygen bleach and a few drops of water. Apply the paste to the stain, and let it sit for at least 30 minutes before washing as usual.
    • Grass stains: Work a dollop of heavy-duty detergent into the stained area with a soft-bristled brush. Allow the detergent to work for at least 15 minutes before washing as usual.
    Soft-bristled brush scrubbing excess dirt and stains from football uniform sleeve

    The Spruce / Nelly Cuanalo

  4. Disinfect the Pads

    If you're cleaning shoulder pads and other protective gear, separate each of the shoulder pad's plastic shells from the fabric, and wipe them down. Use an anti-odor disinfectant spray to treat the pads. If they're heavily stained, use an enzyme-based stain remover on the affected areas, and let it sit for 15 minutes. Put the pads in a mesh laundry bag, and add it to the washing machine.

    Football shoulder pads being sprayed with anti-odor disinfectant spray

    The Spruce / Nelly Cuanalo

  5. Load the Washer

    Turn the football jersey inside out to protect the lettering and emblems, and add it to the washing machine with the pants. Don't add any other clothing to the washer because the lint from other cotton or cotton-blend clothing will cling to the jersey's letters and numbers. Set the washing machine to the normal cycle with cold or warm water.

    Football uniforms loaded into washing machine

    The Spruce / Nelly Cuanalo

  6. Add Detergent and Odor Control

    Always use a heavy-duty laundry detergent such as Tide or Persil to wash the uniforms. They contain enough active enzymes to cut through the heavy soil so it will lift from the fabric.

    To help with odor control, add 1 cup baking soda to the washer drum. Rather than fabric softener, use 1 cup distilled white vinegar in the rinse water to remove any excess detergent that can leave colors looking dingy.

    Heavy-duty laundry detergent poured into washing machine

    The Spruce / Nelly Cuanalo

  7. Air-Dry the Uniform and Pads

    Machine-drying can ruin a football uniform by causing it to shrink, setting in stains, fading colors, and destroying screen-printed letters and numbers. Instead, hang the uniform to dry away from direct sunlight. If you absolutely must put it in the dryer, tumble it on low heat on the permanent press cycle. Protective pads should always be hung to air-dry.

    Red football uniforms hung on clothes line to air dry

    The Spruce / Nelly Cuanalo

Storing Football Uniforms

Football uniforms should be cleaned before storing and can be hung or folded. Don't let the end-of-season excitement get the best of you and make you absentmindedly toss the dirty uniform into the closet where the stink will grow and bacteria will form, ruining the uniform for the next season.


It's common for numbers and letters to peel on football jerseys, especially in youth leagues where the quality usually isn't as good. Repair peeling decals by putting a piece of cardboard in the jersey under the peeling number or letter. Next, place a piece of plain white paper over the top of the number or letter. Use an iron set on high heat, with the steam turned off. Quickly apply the tip of the iron over the piece of paper to the edges of the decal. Never allow the iron to touch the jersey fabric. Gradually increase the contact time as you see the decal sticking to the fabric.

Treating Stains on Football Uniforms

For stains other than mud or grass (detailed above), use cold water to dampen the stain. Apply a stain remover, and gently rub it in with a sponge or soft-bristled brush. Wait 15 minutes, and wash as usual.

Brighten football pants with a laundry whitener, such as OUT White Brite. Pour a 1/2 cup detergent into 1 gallon water, and let the pants sit for about an hour. Swish it around a few times. Rinse the pants, and then wash as usual.

Refer to this stain removal guide for other solutions.

Tips for Washing Football Uniforms

  • If you have hard water, add water softener (not fabric softener) to your presoak solution.
  • Don't use fabric softener on the uniform, as it can make the fabric less moisture-wicking.
  • Avoid chlorine bleach, even on white fabrics, as it can damage the synthetic material. Instead, use an oxygen bleach or an all-fabric bleach, which will brighten dulled whites.