How to Create a Home Library

Create a Home Library using Flea Market Finds

cozy home library furnished with antique and vintage finds
Create a cozy home library with antique and vintage furnishings. Joe Schmelzer/Corbis Documentary/Getty Images

Think home libraries are luxuries reserved for millionaires and the mansions in old movies? Think again. You can build a home library on any budget. All you need are an empty room, a handful of flea market furnishings, and piles of secondhand books. Here's a list of everything you need to create a home library:

Books

Books are the most crucial element of a home library. If you don't love to read, there's no point in dedicating an entire room to the storage and enjoyment of books.

If you're a dedicated bibliophile ( a book lover), you may already have enough volumes to fill your shelves. But, if you usually use the public library or download digital reads, it's time to shop for books.

Collecting books doesn't have to mean spending big bucks. You don't have to fill your shelves with first editions -- and you don't have to buy recent releases at retail prices. Flea markets, yard sales, antique malls, estate sales, and thrift stores are all fantastic sources for books.

Flea markets sometimes have sellers who specialize specializing in books, both newish and old. You'll find the best prices at yard sales, where it's not uncommon to find stacks of recent bestsellers for less than a dollar a pop. Many thrift stores have sections just for books where you can browse the titles just as you would in a retail bookstore.

When shopping for volumes to fill your library shelves, don't buy books you'll never read -- no matter how beautifully they're bound.

It's pointless and pretentious. Buy books you want to read, read again, or use for research.

You can still buy the beautiful leather-bound books with contents that don't interest you, but treat them as decorations. You can decorate with books by using them to elevate objects in a tabletop vignette or by stacking them on the floor to create an alternative occasional table.

Just don't use them as fillers on your library shelves; that space is precious.

Book Storage

Once you've made a good start on your book collection -- a process that's never finished for a true book lover -- you need a place to house it.

Your dream library may include walls lined with built-in bookcases, including those charming sections over the room's doors. But, built-ins may not be possible if you're renting or if the budget is tight.

You can always buy a wall's worth of inexpensive laminate bookcases, but they'll sag over time under the weight of your books -- and they don't look particularly lovely to start. Collecting an assortment of sturdy wooden bookcases from your favorite secondhand sources and then painting or staining them to match is a better option. Be aware that the heights and styles probably won't be an exact match, and don't expect to find a home library's worth in a single shopping trip.

Using alternative bookcases is another option. For example, you can turn a collection of crates into a wall of bookcases if you secure them to each other and to the wall. You can also use a vintage china cabinet with glass doors to house a special selection of books, such as antique leather-bound classics or beautifully illustrated children's books.

The hardware store can also yield a wall or two of inexpensive bookcases if you opt for metal utility shelves. Many utility units meant for garage storage are too deep to use as functional bookshelves, but the shallower versions designed for home canning storage are frequently just 12 to 15 inches in depth.

Lining a home library wall with multiple canning shelves can make for a dramatic look, especially if you favor industrial or transitional decor. Because the shelves are typically open on the sides, you will need to use some sort of bookend at the end of each row.

Work Surfaces

A home library doubles beautifully as a home office or study space. Even if you rarely work from home, placing a desk in your home library gives you a place to pay bills, write letters, and set up your computer.

Depending on your decorating style, you might enjoy an antique wooden executive desk with a privacy panel and lots of drawers, a vintage metal desk from a defunct industrial or office space, or a simple table desk discarded during a hotel renovation.

Whichever you choose, make sure it's sturdy and intact. You can always repaint or refinish the piece if it has extensive surface damage.

If you don't need drawer space, a sturdy round or rectangular dining table works well as a desk, especially if you enjoy an expansive work surface.

If your room is large enough, consider using an old dining table with multiple leaves or a secondhand conference table -- especially if you plan to use your home library for studying or personal research. The large surface provides plenty of space to spread out your papers and stack the books you're currently using. If you pull chairs up to the table, you can also use the space to host a study group or book club.

Seating

Every home library needs comfortable seating. You can't concentrate on your book if your back is aching and popped springs are poking you in the posterior.

If you live alone, or if you're creating your home library as a private retreat, combine a cushy chair with a soft ottoman for your feet. You can add a second chair and use a larger, shared ottoman if you plan to share the space with another reader. If you prefer to curl up with your legs to the side, opt for a loveseat or sofa instead.

You'll also need one or more chairs for yourdesk or worktable, perhaps vintage rolling chairs designed for a game table or even just a single dining chair.

Whatever seating you choose, opt for pieces that fit your body and your decorating style. If the frame and cushions feel right, you can always reupholster your seating pieces using remnants or other low-cost fabrics. Reupholstering the seats of dining-style chairs for your desk or conference table is an especially quick and simple fix.

Additional Furniture

At a minimum, you need to place an end table next to each upholstered chair, sofa, or loveseat in your home library. If your seating includes a pair of club or wing chairs, you can place a single, shared occasional table between them, but that's the only exception.

Your end tables should be large enough to hold the current book when you lay it down, a cup of tea or glass of wine, and a table lamp.

You can go a bit smaller if you use a wall-mounted or floor lamp.

If you've opted for a sofa, a loveseat, or a pair of either, you'll also need a coffee table or cocktail ottoman to place in front or in between them.

An obsolete television armoire works well for hiding printers and scanners if you plan to place a computer in your home library.

To keep a record of your book collection in the old-fashioned way, keep an eye out for an old card catalog at flea markets, antique malls, and auctions. You won't lose all of your data if your computer crashes.

Lighting

Good lighting is important in every room of your home. It's especially crucial in a home library.

You'll need all three types of home lighting: ambient, task, and mood. If your ceiling is set up for a hard-wired fixture, consider installing a chandelier and a wall dimmer switch. Wall sconces also look dramatic when installed with dimmers.

Don't rely on overhead light for reading and studying. Opt for a floor or table lamp for each reader's seat -- and make sure you choose the right lamp height. The light should shine on the book pages for optimal reading comfort.

You'll also need a desk or table lamp for your desk. For a larger study or conference table, you can opt for one or more desk lights or an overhead fixture, swagged or hard-wired, that shines directly on the tabletop surface.

Mood lighting adds a pleasing ambiance to a home library. You can tuck uplights in corners or behind pedestals or statuary. Light your bookcases with puck lights on the ceiling of the upper shelves, or install down lights along the tops of your bookcases. In addition to creating atmosphere, lighting your bookcases helps you browse the titles. If you hang artwork in your library, consider highlighting special pieces with picture lights.

Wall Finishes

A home library should feel hushed, cozy and restful.

If you paint the walls, make sure you choose the right paint colors. Avoid using bright, clear colors that invigorate. For example, sunny yellow, bright orange, bold fuchsia, and lime green encourage activity instead of inviting you to relax and read. If the list includes your chosen color, just tone down the look by substituting mellow gold, pumpkin, warm berry, or olive green.

Most warm neutrals look cozy enough for the cocoon-like library effect. With cool neutrals, such as gray, stick with medium to dark shades to avoid an icy effect.

If you prefer more color, choose medium-dark to dark shades if you use a clear, pure color.

For lighter finishes, opt for a muted version of your favorite color, ideally with a brown, gold, or gray undertone. Cool pastels, in particular, tend to look too sweet for a home library. Pure white works fine if you're going for a stark, Scandinavian-inspired space. Otherwise, soften white library walls by choosing a shade with warm undertones.

If you opt for wallpaper, avoid kitschy or cutesy patterns. Bold or busy patterns are fine, as long as you follow the same color guidelines suggested for painted walls.

Window Treatments

The right window treatments for your home library depend on your windows and on the time of day you plan to use the space. For the most flexibility, opt for treatments that work well during both day and night.

To make your home library a cozy space at night, consider floor-length curtains or draperies lined for privacy. Instead of buying new ones, try altering vintage drapery panels to fit your windows. Make sure the panels open and close, either along a rod or by using tiebacks or holdbacks, so you can let in the natural light during the day.

If glare is an issue at certain times of the day, install a light-filtering treatment under your curtain or drapery panels. A pair of sheer panels works well as an under-treatment, especially if you can open and close them as needed. Adjustable treatments such as semi-sheer fabric shades, wooden blinds, and woven shades are also good options.

Accessories

Accessorizing your home library is the final step.

Scatter a few decorative objects among your bookcase shelves. Soften floors and footsteps with a vintage rug, either room-sized or just under your seating area. Arrange attractive vignettes on bookcase and tabletops. Hang pleasing artwork, whether single pieces or art groupings.