When wheat is grown to produce bread or cereal, its seeds are harvested at the end of the plant's annual life cycle. Wheatgrass, however, is grown for the young leaves (grass blades) of the plant shortly after they sprout from seed. The grass is used to boost the nutritional content of salads and smoothies.
It's quick and easy to grow wheatgrass at home in a mini kitchen garden year-round. You just need a few basic supplies and a packet of seeds. Follow the simple steps below to sow, grow, and harvest your own wheatgrass within just a couple of weeks.
Before You Begin
The night before you begin, soak your wheatgrass seeds in in room temperature water overnight; fully cover all the seeds by at least 1 inch. This softens the seed coating, allowing the seed to take on water and begin the sprouting process.
Prepare Your Growing Container
The next day, drain off the water, then rinse the seed with fresh water.
Equipment / Tools
- Nursery tray
- Spray bottle
- Clean white cloth to cover nursery tray
- Sharp, clean scissors
- Organic, sterile potting mix
- Liquid kelp fertilizer
- Wheat grass seeds
Fill the Tray With Soil
Fill the nursery tray with a 1/2" to 1" layer of potting mix, and spray with w mister or spray bottle so that it is evenly moist (but not soggy) from top to bottom. Tap the container on the counter to level the potting mix.
Sow Your Seeds
Sow the seed by sprinkling it in a single layer on top of the potting mix. The more seed you sow, the denser your grass will grow.
Cover Tray With Cloth
Cover the tray with the white cloth or a sheet of newspaper and mist it with your spray bottle to moisten it.
Keep Tray in the Dark
Place the tray in a dark spot that stays between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit and has good ventilation.
Mist the Cloth Regularly
Continue to mist the cloth as needed so that it does not dry out. The seed should germinate (sprout) in about two to three days.
Move Sprouts Into Sunlight
Remove the cloth as soon as sprouts appear, and move the tray to a well-ventilated spot with indirect sunlight (to get the seedlings accustomed to light).
Once the seedlings green up, move them to a location with full sun and good ventilation.
Fertilize When You Mist
Fertilize your crop every other day or so with liquid kelp fertilizer diluted with water (according to the package directions).
You can simply incorporate fertilizing into your misting regimen so that, every other day or so, you mist with a kelp-water solution.
Harvest Your Wheatgrass
Harvest the grass blades when they are about 7 inches tall (approximately 7 to 10 days). Just snip off the amount of grass you want to use with sharp, clean scissors to avoid pulling and disrupting the roots.
Your grass will grow continuously, so a large crop may need to be cut back occasionally to encourage growth without allowing the grass to develop seed heads.