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Gaura lindheimeri - The Wand Flower
It's hard to beat the grace and appeal of wand flowers. Wand Flower (Gaura lindheimeri) delivers airy masses of delicate white or pink flowers that dance about on knee-high stems. Guara is a clump-forming native American perennial that charms gardeners by sending up tall, thin flower stalks dotted with starry white flowers that sway and bob in the slightest breeze. They make a very delicate, airy appearance that belies their hardy drought tolerance and non-stop blooming habit.
- Leaves: Toothed... leaves are either lance-shaped or spoon-shaped. The plant forms a bushy clump and sends up long flower stems.
- Flowers: The star-shaped flowers are small, only about 1 inch in diameter, but there is an abundance of them. The white species fades to pink, as it ages. Other cultivars can be shades of cream to pink.
White Gaura, Wand Flower
Wand flower is reliably hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9, although it tends to be short-lived. During mild winters or with protection, it will survive in Zone 5.
Gaura will flower best in full sun. It will tolerate partial shade, but you will get the most flowers and the healthiest plants if planted in a sunny spot.
Mature Plant Size
The height of guara plants depends on which variety you grow, but most are about 24 - 30 inches (h) x 20 - 36 inches (w). Most of the height is from the flower stems and some varieties can even reach 5 ft.
Gaura can bloom from late spring through fall. Deadheading helps prolong the bloom period and makes the plants look fresher, but they will continue blooming for weeks without any effort on your part.
Using Guara in Your Garden Design
With its airy appearance and self-seeding tendency, gaura is a natural for cottage gardens. It works well as a contrast against dense shrubs as well as bolder, larger flowered plants, like coneflower, poppies, and lupines. An arresting combination is Guara paired with dark purple leaved Heuchera.
Don't forget about containers. A pot of just gaura is a great choice for the front steps, making an attractive greeting without obscuring the entry.
And the long stems make nice cut flowers, although they don't last long.
Suggested Varieties of Guara to Grow in Your Garden
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- "Corrie's Gold" - Has leaves with gold edges.
- "Siskiyou Pink" - Rose-pink flowers with reddish foliage.
- "Sparkle White" - 2014 AAS Winner. Compact plant with pink-blushed flowers. Does well from seed.
- "Summer Breeze" - Tall, white-flowered variety with good winter hardiness.
- "Whirling Butterflies" - A compact plant with an abundance flowers. The red sepals give a pink tint to the flowers.
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Gaura - Tips for Growing and Caring for Gaura lindheimeri
Wand Flower Growing Tips
Soil: Gaura is very forgiving about soil. Avoid giving it too much organic matter. Rich soil tends to make it lanky and floppy. As for soil pH, you will find it listed for everything from 6.6 to 8.5, so it seems to favor neutral to alkaline soil.
Planting: You can start gaura from seed, in the spring, however, not all of the cultivars will grow true from seed. Most guara plants are grown from cuttings or divisions, but 'Sparkle White', won an AAS award in 2014 and... it does very well from seed. Plants should flower their first year.
Since Guara plants tend to send out small offset plants, multiplying existing plants is usually not a problem. Simply break or cut the offsets from the main plant and re-plant elsewhere. Plants can be short-lived, so be sure to propagate at least a few new ones.
Caring for Guara Plants
Once established, your wand flowers will require little maintenance. They are very drought tolerant. It's wet weather you have to watch out for because Gaura can get root rot in soil that remains wet for long periods of time.
The flowers will fall off on their own, but periodically trimming the flower stems will invigorate the plant and ensure a long season of bloom. It will also prevent the plant from getting overly large and floppy.
Gaura never needs dividing and it's long taproot makes it difficult to do. However, you can remove and re-plant the small offsets that develop on the perimeter of the plant. Since guara plants can be short-lived, re-planting the offsets will help you hedge your bets with extra plants. It is usually easiest to dig the small offsets in the spring. They haven't yet formed taproots and they survive better in spring than in fall.
In hot, dry climates, plants can become leggy, with sparse bloom. Freshen the plants with a shearing. They will resume blooming quickly.
Gaura can be an aggressive self-seeder. New plants are easy enough to pull, But if you want to avoid the effort, cut the flower stems down before they go to seed. With so many stems, it really is easiest to just shear the whole plant.
Pests & Problems of Wand Flower
You can usually avoid problems if you provide good drainage, good air circulation and plant your guara in a sunny spot. In damp or humid weather, mildews can become a problem and the leaves can be prone to rust and Cercospora and Septoria leaf spot diseases. And if the soil remains wet for extended periods of time, watch for root rot.