Introduced in 1893 in New York, the white wonder cucumber (Cucumis sativus ‘White Wonder’) is an heirloom variety of cucumber that is characterized by stunning ivory skin, dark green foliage, and a fresh, crisp texture. White wonder cucumbers are enjoyed fresh, pickled, and cooked, and add a decorative touch to nearly any dish. This plant grows cucumbers that are about 6 to 8 inches long, and 2 to 3 inches wide. Learn how to grow white wonder cucumbers and enjoy this refreshing cucumber variety homegrown!
|Botanical Name||Cucumis sativus "White Wonder"|
|Common Name||White wonder cucumber|
|Mature Size||36-72 inches|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun|
|Soil Type||Fertile, well-draining|
|Native Area||United States|
How to Grow White Wonder Cucumbers
Growing white wonder cucumbers is very similar to growing regular cucumbers. They require lots of light, lots of water, and lots of fertilizer - as with most vegetables. However, because of their long vines, white wonder cucumbers can be trellised easily, which not only helps the fruits to grow straighter, and protects them from blemishes and diseases caused by cucumbers touching the ground directly. White wonder cucumbers require lots of space in the garden - at least 10 inches apart when grown on trellises, and at least 24 inches apart if grown in the ground, so they are not ideal for small spaces.
As with most vegetables, white wonder cucumbers require full sun for best production. At least six hours of direct sunlight a day is ideal. Stunted growth may be an indication that your white wonder cucumbers are not receiving enough light.
White wonder cucumbers require loose, well-draining soil that is highly fertile. Before planting, ensure that the soil is tilled and freshly amended with compost or manure to replenish the soil’s nutrients.
Water white wonder cucumbers deeply at least three times a week. In especially hot or dry periods, white wonder cucumbers may require daily watering to ensure they don’t dry out.
Temperature and Humidity
Cucumbers thrive in heat, and white wonder cucumbers are no exception. Ideally suited to growing temperatures between 60-90 degrees Fahrenheit, white wonder cucumbers appreciate warm, humid environments. They are often referred to as ‘Southern Heirlooms’ because they grow well in the intense heat of the south. White wonder cucumbers grow well outdoors when grown in zones 3 through 9, but also grow exceptionally well in greenhouse environments.
White wonder cucumbers require soil that is high very fertile throughout the entire growing season. Fertilize white wonder cucumbers at least once a month with a balanced fertilizer such as a 10-10-10. Amending the soil with compost or manure before planting can also help support strong, healthy growth.
Harvesting White Wonder Cucumbers
White wonder cucumber fruits should be harvested once they are about 7 inches long, making them perfect plants for trellising. Fruits should begin to ripen 58 days after planting. Harvest cucumber fruits with a sharp blade regularly to promote abundant production before seed cavities swell.
Growing from Seeds
Starting white wonder cucumbers seeds is not much different from growing regular cucumbers from seed. Being an heirloom plant, white wonder cucumbers will always produce seedlings as long as they are pollinated by other white wonder cucumbers. Note that if you plant multiple varieties of cucumbers close to one another, cross-pollination is likely.
White wonder cucumber seeds can be harvested directly from the cucumber or can be purchased at most nurseries and garden centers. If harvesting seeds directly from a cucumber fruit - scrape out the seeds, put them in a clear jar, and cover the seeds with water so that they float. Allow the seeds and their jelly coating to ferment for one to two days, or until the jelly coating has dissolved. Next, set the seeds out to dry.
Seeds can be started indoors or sown directly into the garden with good success. However, cucumber plants do not tolerate cold well, so ensure that the last frost has passed before planting seeds or seedlings into the garden. Plant seeds 20 inches apart and about an inch deep.