Wood pallets lend themselves perfectly to building planters. When flat, they look just like what they are: wooden platforms. But when set upright and turned backward, they're ready to be converted into three-tier, wall-mounted planters for trailing plants, flowers, or herbs.
This is a fun, fast, and easy project that you can build from a pallet or two in just a couple of hours. Because so much of the planter is already in place, the building is kept to a minimum, allowing you to devote more time to decorating the planter.
How You'll Make a Pallet Planter
When you stand a pallet on end and look at it from the back, you will notice that a number of the horizontal boards line up with each other: one in front, one in back. These will become the walls of the planter boxes—already built.
Since these planter boxes have no bottoms, it's up to you to nail a few boards in place.
Click Play to Learn How to DIY a Wall Planter
Basic Wood Pallet Components
- Top Deck Boards: Pallets that are 48 inches by 40 inches usually have seven top deck boards and 30-inch by 30-inch pallets have five top deck boards. After conversion to a pallet planter, the top deck boards will form the planter's front wall.
- Bottom Deck Boards: On the bottom are five deck boards for the larger 40-inch pallets and three deck boards for the smaller 30-inch pallets. As a pallet planter, the bottom deck boards will form the backs of individual planter boxes.
- Stringers: Stringers are the two-by-fours that run perpendicular to the top and bottom deck boards. There will be two side stringers and one center stringer. As a pallet planter, the stringers will form the sides of individual planter boxes.
Equipment / Tools
- Staple gun
- Tape measure
- Utility knife
- Gardening tools
- Paint brush/roller (optional)
- Drill (optional)
- 2 wood pallets
- 2 one-by-sixes, each 8-foot (optional)
- Galvanized nails
- Landscape fabric
- Potting soil
- Pea gravel or drainage rocks (optional)
- Paint or other coating (optional)
- One-by-fours (as needed)
Repair, Replace, or Remove Deck Boards
Repair or replace any missing or damaged top or bottom deck boards. It's best to replace them with deck boards from a second pallet to match the size, color, and texture. If you do not have a second pallet available for parts, use one-by-four lumber.
If the pallet has multiple boards close together on the top deck, remove some of them using the hammer to create space between slats, saving the wood you remove to be used later. We recommend removing every other slat, keeping the slat at the top and the one at the bottom.
Using the hammer, remove any exposed nails from the removed slats and dispose of them.
Turn the pallet vertically on one side, with the bottom deck boards facing you. Orient the pallet with the deck boards running horizontally (or parallel to the ground) and the stringers running parallel to you.
Add Interior Slats
Insert the boards you removed into the center of the pallet, lining up each board with a remaining slat on the top and placing the boards parallel to the ground. (These will form the bottoms of the boxes.) The slats should rest on the interior stringers. Together, the top slat and the just-added board should form a sort of box shape. If necessary, you can use wood from another pallet or one-by-four lumber instead of the slats you removed.
Nail the slats in place using the galvanized nails and a hammer. Pre-drilling the holes will eliminate the risk of splitting the wood.
Enlist the help of an assistant or some sort of brace to keep the pallet upright and stable while you work.
Lay the Pallet Down
Lay the pallet down, with the top flat against the ground and the bottom facing up.
Add Back Slats
Nail one more slat (either removed from the top, from another pallet, or pieces of one-by-four lumber) to the bottom of the pallet, lining it up with the sideways slat you secured in the middle of the planter in step four. If necessary, add back slats to the top and bottom planters, too, though they may already be in place, depending on the style of your pallet. You should now have three finished planter boxes.
Sand the wood to remove any rough spots. Sand less vigorously to achieve a rustic appearance, if desired.
Depending on the type of look you want, you can also stain or paint the pallet planter. Staining the wood highlights contrasts in the wood and brings out the grain.
If you decide to paint the wood, first prime the wood. Pallet wood is usually a lower grade Southern yellow pine or oak, which quickly soaks up the paint. For dark stains, first use a wood conditioner for a more consistent finish.
Staple Landscape Fabric
Set the pallet upright again, with the top facing you and the planter boxes you've formed facing upward. Line the inside of each of the planter boxes with landscape fabric, stapling it in place.
Cut off a section of landscape fabric large enough to cover the entire back of the pallet. Staple it into place from the outside.
You may want to drill drainage holes into your planters. If so, drill a few small holes in the bottom of each planter box before you add the landscape fabric.
Place the Pallet
Once the coating is dry, stand the pallet upright and lean it against a wall, with the side covered in landscape fabric against the wall. Or, drive screws through the bottoms of the top deck boards to attach the planter to an exterior wall if you want it attached. You can even mount the pallet high on a sturdy wall for a wall planter, if desired.
If you prefer to leave the planter standing on its own, ensure it's stable. If necessary, add wedges or stabilizers to the base to keep it upright.
Once the soil and plants are added, the planter will be very heavy. Make sure you have it positioned where you want it and stable or securely fastened to the wall before moving to the next steps.
Add potting soil to the planter boxes.
You can add the pea gravel or drainage rocks to your planter boxes before you add the soil to increase drainage.
Add plants such as petunias, plants with trailing flowers, or herbs. Plants that are heat- or drought-tolerant are recommended.