Are your succulents getting a bit unruly? Or are you just hoping to grow your succulent collection? Fortunately, succulents are super easy to propagate from cuttings, and they require very little care once planted.
Succulent cuttings are used frequently for floral arrangements, wedding bouquets, and even as cake decorations. They have a long life, surviving as cut foliage for weeks without soil which makes them ideal 'living decor'. However, succulent cuttings are not just for show! Plant them and give them a little love, and soon you will have a new succulent plant. The best part is, it costs almost nothing! All you need is some pruning shears (or sharp scissors), soil, and some small pots to plant the cuttings.
When to Take Succulent Cuttings
Take cuttings from your succulents in the spring or summer months for the best success. While succulent cuttings can technically be taken any time, removing them when the succulents are in their active growing period will help to ensure that the mother plant recovers from the pruning and that the new succulent has the strength to survive on its own.
How to Find a Good Cutting
If your succulent is growing offshoots or pups, these can be cut off and planted in the same manner as for regular succulent cuttings. Otherwise, take a cutting from areas that need pruning or shaping. Large, established succulents can handle pruning more easily than others and can recover from larger cuttings being taken. Smaller succulents will require smaller cuttings, so keep this in mind.
Nearly all succulents propagate easily through cuttings, although some types of succulents (such as furry/hairy succulents) are generally more difficult to propagate than others. Your success rate may depend on which type of succulent you are propagating.
Equipment / Tools
- Pruning shears
- Succulent soil
- Small pot
- Succulent plant
Take the Cutting
Find an appropriate spot on your succulent to take the cutting. With your pruning shears, make one swift and even cut through the stem of the succulent to separate a cutting. Ensure that the cutting has about 1 inch of stem exposed for planting. This may require removing the lower leaves of the cutting.
Let the Cutting Callous
After the cutting has been taken it cannot be planted in the soil right away. Set the cutting aside in a dry location for 24 hours to let the ‘injured’ stem of the cutting callous over. After 24 hours, the stem should be healed and not look ‘wet’ in any areas. The cutting is now ready to be planted.
Plant the Cutting
Prepare a small terracotta or plastic pot with a succulent mix or well-draining soil. Poke a small hole in the center of the soil and gently place the stem of the succulent cutting in the hole, firming up the dirt around it. Ensure that the lowest leaf of the cutting is sitting slightly above the soil to avoid rot.
Do not water the cutting after planting. Place the newly planted succulent cutting in a location with bright, indirect sun and leave it for two or three weeks.
Begin Watering Once Roots Sprout
Unlike propagating other plants, it is important to wait to water a new succulent cutting until roots have developed. Since succulents do not require a lot of water to begin with, watering a cutting before it has developed roots can quickly result in the cutting rotting under the soil. Don’t worry—succulent cuttings can survive without water for quite a long time!
After letting the cutting sit for two to three weeks, give the top of the cutting a gentle tug to test for roots. If there is any resistance, roots have begun to grow, and the cutting can now be watered. Once the cutting has developed roots it may require more frequent watering than regular succulents until it is established. To avoid overwatering, ensure that the top 1 inch of the soil dries out between waterings.
Patience, Patience, Patience!
Succulent cuttings grow slowly, so be patient as you care for your new plant. However, within a couple of months of planting, you should begin to notice new growth.
As succulent cuttings mature, they can be gradually moved back into more intense light–slowly working up to the full sun conditions that most succulents prefer. Keep in mind that succulent cuttings are easy to kill with too much love. They thrive on neglect and only need light watering once the soil dries out.