From Start to Finish: How to Stitch a Single Cross Stitch

Woman doing cross stitch
Tatiana Maramygina / FOAP / Getty Images
  • 01 of 10

    Preparing Supplies

    Place the Fabric in the Hoop
    Place the Fabric in the Hoop. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Stitch a cross stitch pattern from start to finish doesn't have to cause you a headache. Just follow the few easy steps and you will be on your way to a perfect cross stitch project. 

     

    To stitch a cross stitch, you will need:

    • a pair of sharp scissors
    • a small embroidery hoop
    • a piece of 11-count Aida fabric large enough to overlap the hoop by a few inches
    • a short length of embroidery floss - any color
    • a size 24 tapestry needle.

    Place the fabric in the hoop and set aside. Cut a 12-inch length of...MORE six-strand embroidery floss and separate the strands of floss. Thread the tapestry needle with two strands of the floss.

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  • 02 of 10

    How to Hold the Hoop and Needle

    How to Hold the Hoop and Needle
    How to Hold the Hoop and Needle. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Hold the hoop in your left hand and the needle with your right thumb and forefinger. Do not grip the needle too tightly.

    Position the hoop with the adjustment screw to the left, out of the way of the stitches. Otherwise, this part of the hoop will catch the thread, causing possible damage to the floss and general frustration and annoyance for you.

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  • 03 of 10

    Begin the Cross Stitch

    Begin the First Half Stitch
    Begin the First Half Stitch. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Aida is made up of tiny squares. Pick a square of Aida near the center of the hoop. Look closely at the square and locate the lower left corner. Place your needle behind the fabric. Insert the needle in the hole.

    Flip the hoop over and look at the back of the fabric if you have difficulty placing the needle without looking at it. As you become more experienced with stitching a cross stitch, you will be able to do this without thinking about it.

    Check to see that the needle is inserted directly in...MORE the space in the corner of the Aida square. It should not pierce any threads or go between any of the threads that are grouped in the square.

    When you are sure that you have the needle inserted correctly, bring your right hand to the front of the hoop. The needle should be large enough to perch in the fabric, but if it starts to fall out, support the needle with the ring finger of your left hand.

    Grasp the needle and draw the floss up through the hole as demonstrated. Do not pull the floss all the way through! Leave a "tail" of about two inches on the back of the fabric. If you have difficulty with this step, use a waste knot.

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  • 04 of 10

    Complete the First Half Stitch

    Complete the First Half Stitch
    Complete the First Half Stitch. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Draw the thread across the Aida square diagonally. Insert the tip of the needle as shown in the photo. Take your right hand to the back of the fabric and pull the needle and floss through the hole in the upper right hand corner. Take care to leave the end of the floss on the back of the fabric. Do not pull the stitch too tight. Leave the floss a little loose. You have just stitched a half stitch.

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  • 05 of 10

    Begin a Second Half Stitch

    Begin the Second Half Stitch
    Begin the Second Half Stitch. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    With your right hand at the back of the fabric, insert the needle in the lower right corner of the Aida square, directly below the top of the half stitch. Use the photo as a guide. Draw the needle and floss up to the top of the hoop. Flip the hoop over. Keep your needle in your right hand.

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  • 06 of 10

    Secure the End of the Floss

    Secure the Floss
    Secure the Floss. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    On the back of the hoop, use your needle to drag the "tail" of the floss under the loop formed by the back of the stitch. Gently tighten the floss to secure the end under the loop.

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  • 07 of 10

    Complete the Second Half Stitch

    Complete the Second Half Stitch
    Complete the Second Half Stitch. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    As shown in the photo, insert the tip of the needle in the upper left corner of the Aida square. Move your hand to the back of the fabric and draw the floss through. Flip the hoop over.

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  • 08 of 10

    Secure the Floss and Snip the Ends

    Secure the Floss and Snip the Ends
    Secure the Floss and Snip the Ends. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    On the back of the hoop, slip the needle under the back of the stitch and pull the floss through. Tighten the floss. Snip the existing "tail" and the floss in the needle, leaving about a half inch of floss.

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  • 09 of 10

    The Completed Cross Stitch

    Completed Cross Stitch
    Completed Cross Stitch. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Congratulations! You have just completed a cross stitch.

    Use your needle to adjust the floss as needed or pull on the ends of the floss to tighten the stitch up a little if needed. The cross stitch should resemble the one in the photo.

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  • 10 of 10

    Continue Practicing

    Row of Cross Stitches
    Row of Cross Stitches. Photo: © Connie G. Barwick, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Now that you have completed a cross stitch, choose another square and repeat Step 4 through Step 9. See what happens if you pull your stitches really tight or leave them loose. As you practice you will learn how tightly to pull the floss as you stitch a cross stitch.

    When you are comfortable with stitching a cross stitch, the next step will be to learn how to stitch a row of cross stitches.