How to Install a New Toilet Flange on a Concrete Slab

Installing a Toilet on a Flange
Before installing a toilet, you first need to install the toilet flange. Creativel/Getty Images
  • 01 of 07

    Toilet Flange Installation Made Easy With a Hammer Drill

    Toilet Flange Resting In Place In Sewer Pipe
    Unattached toilet flange resting in place on concrete floor. Lee Wallender

    When replacing a toilet, it's fairly common to discover that the existing toilet flange will not work for the new toilet. When the subfloor is concrete—as is often the case with basement bathrooms or other slab foundation situations—replacing the flange is no easy matter, since it can be quite hard to drill holes in concrete to secure the new flange.

    But using two specialty tools—a multi-tool or similar cutting device, along with a hammer drill—makes it fairly easy to accomplish this task. 

    Unlike conventional drills which just rotate, hammer drills both rotate and move the bit up and down ever so slightly, which creates a slight pounding action along with the drilling motion.  You can purchase or rent an inexpensive hammer drill at a home improvement stores or tool rental outlet. If your usage will be only occasional, renting a hammer drill is probably your best option. If you expect to drill into masonry more often, purchase a good-quality tool, such as a Bosch, Hilti, DeWalt, or Milwaukee hammer drill.  

    Because the old bolts will need to be cut off, you need some type of power tool that will do the job. A manual hacksaw will not work, because you need to move the saw blade against and parallel to the concrete slab. Either an oscillating multi-tool equipped with a metal-cutting blade or an angle grinder will do the trick.

    Tools and Materials You Will Need

    • Hammer drill
    • Multi-tool or angle grinder
    • Toilet (closet) flange
    • Putty knife
    • Latex gloves
    • Trash bag
    • Tape measure
    • Tapcon screws
    • Screwdriver
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  • 02 of 07

    Cut off the Old Flange and Obstructions

    Cut Off Old Bolts and Flange
    Cut off the old toilet flange and bolts. Lee Wallender

    After you remove the toilet, you will probably find an existing toilet flange. It would be very rare to find a toilet that is attached to the sewer line without a flange. You will need to remove this old flange and any obstructions before you can install the new flange.

    On concrete slabs, the previous flange will be attached via bolts embedded in the concrete. If the old bolts are in good condition and perfectly match up with the new flange, you can keep them in place. But if the bolts are otherwise unacceptable (too rusted, mismatched, too short, etc.), they must be cut off.

    Use the angle grinder or metal blade-equipped multi-tool to hack off the bolts and other protruding obstructions. Make sure that all of these pieces are cut down perfectly flush with the concrete.

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  • 03 of 07

    Scrape Off the Old Wax Ring

    Scrape Off Old Wax Ring
    The old wax ring must be scraped off of the concrete floor. Lee Wallender

    After you remove the obstructions, the old wax ring will be in place. The wax most likely will be thick, gunky, and possibly stained with sewage. Removing the wax ring requires patience, a putty knife, and latex gloves. Methodically remove all traces of the old wax ring and deposit the bits directly in a plastic bag for disposal.

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  • 04 of 07

    Place T-Bolts in the New Toilet Flange

    Place T Bolts In Flange
    The T-bolts should be placed on the flange. Lee Wallender

    Place the T bolts upside-down in the new toilet flange so that the threaded shafts are sticking up. This step is all about placement of the flange, not about installing the toilet. Having the bolts in place helps you better visualize how the toilet will be positioned.

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  • 05 of 07

    Position the Toilet Flange

    Measure To Ensure Toilet Parallel To Wall
    It is necessary to measure the toilet distance to the back wall. Lee Wallender

    Press the toilet flange down into the drain opening. Use the T-bolts as positioning points. Make sure both of them are at equal distances from the back wall, which will ensure that the toilet tank will be parallel to the wall. You can rotate the flange in either direction until you have reached the preferred position. After the toilet is placed, you will still have the opportunity for some minor rotation, but it is still best to get the position as straight as possible before securing the flange.

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  • 06 of 07

    Drill Holes Into the Concrete

    Drill Holes Into Concrete
    Drill holes into the concrete with the hammer drill. Lee Wallender

    With your hammer drill and 1/4-inch concrete/masonry bit, bore four holes equidistant around the ring directly through the holes in the toilet flange. Use your hammer drill's depth gauge to reach the necessary depth. Be careful not to let the drill angle towards the sewer pipe—if you accidentally break the top lip of the sewer pipe, repair or replacement will be costly and difficult.

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  • 07 of 07

    Screw the Toilet Flange Onto the Concrete

    Screw Toilet Flange Onto Concrete
    Screw the toilet flange onto the concrete floor. Lee Wallender

    Use Tapcon or similar masonry/concrete screws to fasten the toilet flange to the concrete slab. If using a plastic flange ring like the Sioux Push Tite flange, be careful not to crack the ring by screwing in too far.

    With toilet flange in place, you are ready to install the toilet with new wax ring.