Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) is beautiful climbing vine known to grace arbors and trellises all over the country. Its smells delight and its colors and blooms dazzle the eyes. But without proper care or placement it can become destructive and a real headache for you and your community.
Of the many wisterias used in landscape design today Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis), Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda), and American wisteria (Wisteria frutescens) are the most common. Japanese Wisteria floribunda was brought to the United States in the early 19th century for ornamental use and has since become invasive in many parts of the country. Before thinking of planting Japanese wisteria, check with local ordinances to see its invasive status.
|Botanical Name||Wisteria Floribunda|
|Common Name||Japanese Wisteria|
|Mature Size||4 to 8 ft. wide, 10 to 25 ft. tal.|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun|
|Soil Type||Average soil with good drainage|
|Flower Color||Blue to Violet, Pink, White|
|Toxicity||Toxic to humans and pets|
Japanese Wisteria Care
The key to wisteria care is in timely pruning and the ability to go against instincts and not fertilize. Keeping on track with these two routines will allow you to have a beautiful, healthy wisteria for years to come.
It is important to plant Japanese wisteria in full sun or partial shade to ensure it produces its full number of blooms. (Full sun is considered six hours of sunlight a day.) While this sounds easy, the climbing growth habit of the plant makes this more complex with wisteria. Wisteria likes to climb over structures that often create shade. Creating a structure, like an arbor or a pergola, rather than letting wisteria climb on a house that creates shade will negate this issue and create a new focal point in your yard. Additionally, wisteria vines can cause damage to houses, so don't allow it to climb buildings.
Wisteria will tolerate various soil conditions as long as they are well-draining and consistently moist but not wet. Wisteria will not do well in wet areas. It prefers an area with loamy soil that is loose and organically rich. When considering pH levels, it is not tolerant of alkaline or very acidic conditions. It prefers a range of 6.0 to 7.0 pH.
Like most trees and shrubs, wisteria only needs regular watering during their first year. They will benefit from regular watering to help establish their roots. After this first season, wisteria should only need supplementary watering during dry periods. When watering plants, remember long deep watering that is infrequent is better than quick, frequent watering.
Temperature and Humidity
Japanese wisteria is native to a range that is located in a temperate location. It will thrive in areas that are similar to its native habitat being cold tolerant, but it's also sensitive to extreme heat. Its USDA zones are 4-9.
Less is more when it comes to fertilizer and Japanese wisteria. If planning to fertilize, do so with a low nitrogen fertilizer (N in the NPK ratio). Fertilizing your plant only once a year or every other year, or even not at all, is acceptable.
If your wisteria is not blooming, you may be over-fertilizing with nitrogen. You can shock the plant into bloom by stopping fertilizing and root pruning. To root prune, use a shovel to cut the roots in a circle about two feet away from the plant's trunk. Doing this will stress the plant and may force it into bloom.
However, it pays to be patient. Wisteria may take about three years to bloom, so don't be discouraged if your new plant doesn't put on an impressive show right away. Prune properly, and soon you'll enjoy brilliant blooms. Also avoid planting seed-grown wisteria, which can take up to 15 years to bloom. Instead, look for grafted varieties or well-established plants.
Japanese wisteria flowers bloom on new growth, so you will need to prune twice a year to manage both size and to keep branches close to the main structure to allow for enjoyment of the profuse blossoms. Doing this is an easy task and is done by pruning new growth back to six inches in July or after the wisteria has flowered. This is a really great time to do maintenance pruning and remove any growth not needed for the main structure of the plant and prune away suckers. During the winter or second pruning you will want to remove at least half or the prior seasons growth, remembering that wisteria only blooms on new wood.