Jasmines are plants in the Jasminum genus of plants, subgroup within the Oleaceae family, which also includes olives, as well as plants such as border forsythia (Forsythia x intermedia), common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), and fringe tree (Chionanthus virginicus).
As sometimes happens with common names, not all of the plants with "jasmine" in their common name are actually true jasmines. A notable example is the star jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides), which is sometimes referred to as confederate jasmine for this reason. Star jasmine is actually a relative of the oleander.
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Angel Wing Jasmine
Angel Wing is an attractive, spreading, vine-like ground-cover with a shrubby habit. It produces abundant large, fragrant, white flowers with purple undersides. It is best used as flowering evergreen spilling out of containers, or as a filler that spreads and fills space between shrubs.
- Latin name: Jasminum nitidum.
- Other common names: Angelwing jasmine, windmill jasmine, shining jasmine, star jasmine, pinwheel jasmine, confederate jasmine.
- Native to: Papua New Guinea's Admiralty Islands.
- USDA zones: Grows best in zones 10-11. Can be grown in 9 if planted in a protected area.
- Height: If treated as a vine, the angel wing jasmine can be 15-20 feet or more long. If used as a shrub, it's usually pruned to be 2-4 feet tall.
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Common jasmine is a large deciduous or semi-evergreen vining shrub that has a graceful look and a very appealing scent. Beginning in late spring or early summer and running into fall, it produces large clusters of 3-5 flowers.
- Latin name: Jasminum officinale.
- Other common names: True jasmine, poet's jasmine, hardy jasmine, common white jasmine, jessamine.
- Native to: Central Asia.
- USDA zones: 7-10. Zone 6 with protection.
- Height: 7-15 feet tall.
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Italian jasmine shrubs are favorites of gardeners in hardiness zones 7 through 11, since they are easy to care for and require little attention. They have glossy green leaves, fragrant buttercup-yellow flowers and shiny black berries.
- Latin name: Jasminum humile.
- Other common names: Yellow jasmine, yellow Nepal jasmine, Reeves' jasmine.
- Native to: Asia.
- USDA zones: 7-11.
- Height: 5-15 feet tall.
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This is a fast-growing evergreen vine grown for its prolific display of very fragrant pinkish-white flowers. It is best used as a climber over trellis or arbor, as a ground-cover, or in containers.
Continue to 5 of 10 below.
- Latin name: Jasminum polyanthum.
- Other common names: White jasmine, winter jasmine, pink star jasmine, climbing jasmine, Chinese jasmine
- Native to: China.
- USDA zones: 8-11.
- Height: This vine can be over 25 feet long.
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Although somewhat unusual in the U.S., it really should be used more. This shrub produces yellow flowers that are larger than that found on most varieties—the flowers begin in early spring and last for a few weeks. This large shrub has an open, sprawling growth habit, and is quite tolerant of drought.
- Latin name: Jasminum mesnyi.
- Other common names: Chinese jasmine, Japanese jasmine.
- Native to: Southwestern China.
- USDA zones: 8-11.
- Height: About 2-6 feet.
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This variety is a smaller jasmine that produces sweet-smelling pure-white flowers nearly all year long. It is excellent for covering fences and trellises, or for training around topiary forms.
- Latin name: Jasminum rex.
- Other common names: Rex jasmine.
- Native to: Thailand.
- USDA zones: 10-11.
- Height: Up to 8 feet.
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Sampaguita is the national flower of both the Philippines and Indonesia. It has a vine-like, climbing nature but is still fairly thick and shrubby. It has the typical sweet jasmine scent, produced by pure white, star-shaped flowers that each are only 1-inch wide and blooms for 24 hours. Jasmine tea is made from the flowers of this species.
- Latin name: Jasminum sambac.
- Other common names: Philippine jasmine, pikake, Arabian jasmine, sacred jasmine, Asian jasmine.
- Native to: South and Southeast Asia.
- USDA zones: 9-11.
- Height: 6-10 feet tall.
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This is a twining or sprawling vine with glossy leaves. It can be trained onto a trellis or other support, or pruned into a hedge.
Continue to 9 of 10 below.
- Latin name: Jasminum simplicifolium subsp. australiense. It may also be listed as Jasminum volubile.
- Other common names: Wax jasmine, Australian wax jasmine.
- Native to: Australia.
- USDA zones: 8b-11.
- Height: 5 feet tall as a shrub, can be over 30 feet long as a vine.
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- A medium-sized deciduous shrub with long arching branches. Bright yellow 1-inch flowers appear in early spring. It works well as a ground-cover on slopes, or to cover retaining walls.
- Latin name: Jasminum nudiflorum.
- Other common names: Hardy jasmine.
- Native to: China.
- USDA zones: 6-10.
- Height: 6-15 feet.
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This evergreen (or semi-evergreen in cooler climates) produces clusters of deep yellow blooms from spring through summer. It makes a great low evergreen ground-cover or hedge, or can be used to cascade over a fence or wall. It grows relatively slowly and is resistant to drought and pests.
- Latin name: Jasminum fruticans. It may also be found as Jasminum odoratissimum or Jasminum floridum.
- Other common names: Most scented jasmine, yellow jasmine, fruity jasmine, sweetest jasmine, shrubby jasmine, Florida jasmine, hardy yellow jasmine.
- Native to: Southern Europe
- USDA zones: 6b-11.
- Height: 10-12 feet tall.