Jasmines are plants in the Jasminum genus of plants, a subgroup within the Oleaceae family, which also includes olives, as well as plants such as border forsythia (Forsythia x intermedia), common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), and fringe tree (Chionanthus virginicus).
As sometimes happens with common names, not all of the plants with "jasmine" in their common name are actually true jasmines. A notable example is the star jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides), which is sometimes referred to as confederate jasmine for this reason. Star jasmine is actually a relative of oleander.
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Angel Wing Jasmine
Angel wing jasmine is an attractive, spreading, vine-like groundcover with a shrubby habit. It produces abundant large, fragrant, white flowers with purple undersides. It is best used as flowering evergreen spilling out of containers, or as a filler that spreads and fills space between shrubs.
- Botanical name: Jasminum nitidum
- Common names: Angelwing jasmine, windmill jasmine, shining jasmine, star jasmine, pinwheel jasmine, confederate jasmine
- Native area: Papua New Guinea's Admiralty Islands
- USDA zones: Grows best in zones 10 or 11 and can be grown in 9 if planted in a protected area.
- Height: If treated as a vine, angel wing jasmine can be 15 to 20 feet or more long. If used as a shrub, it is usually pruned to be 2 to 4 feet tall.
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Common jasmine is a large deciduous or semi-evergreen vining shrub that has a graceful look and a very appealing scent. Beginning in late spring or early summer and running into fall, it produces large clusters of 3 to 5 flowers.
- Botanical name: Jasminum officinale
- Common names: True jasmine, poet's jasmine, hardy jasmine, common white jasmine, jessamine
- Native area: Central Asia
- USDA zones: 7 to 10. Zone 6 with protection
- Height: 7 to 15 feet tall
03 of 10
Italian jasmine shrubs are favorites of gardeners in hardiness zones 7 through 11 since they are easy to care for and require little attention. They have glossy green leaves, fragrant buttercup-yellow flowers, and shiny black berries.
- Botanical name: Jasminum humile
- Common names: Yellow jasmine, yellow Nepal jasmine, Reeves' jasmine, Italian jasmine
- Native area: Asia
- USDA zones: 7 to 11
- Height: 5 to 15 feet tall
04 of 10
This is a fast-growing evergreen vine grown for its prolific display of very fragrant pinkish-white flowers. It is best used as a climber over trellis or arbor, as a groundcover, or in containers.
Continue to 5 of 10 below.
- Botanical name: Jasminum polyanthum
- Common names: White jasmine, winter jasmine, pink star jasmine, climbing jasmine, Chinese jasmine, pink jasmine
- Native area: China
- USDA zones: 8 to 11
- Height: This vine can be more than 25 feet long
05 of 10
Although somewhat unusual in the U.S., it really should be used more. This shrub produces yellow flowers that are larger than those found on most varieties—the flowers begin in early spring and last for a few weeks. This large shrub has an open, sprawling growth habit, and is quite tolerant of drought.
- Botanical name: Jasminum mesnyi
- Common names: Chinese jasmine, Japanese jasmine, primrose jasmine
- Native area: Southwestern China
- USDA zones: 8 to 11
- Height: About 2 to 6 feet
06 of 10
This is a smaller jasmine variety that produces sweet-smelling pure-white flowers nearly all year long. It is excellent for covering fences and trellises or for training around topiary forms.
- Botanical name: Jasminum rex
- Common names: Rex jasmine, royal jasmine
- Native area: Thailand
- USDA zones: 10 to 11
- Height: Up to 8 feet
07 of 10
Sampaguita is the national flower of both the Philippines and Indonesia. It has a vine-like, climbing nature but is still fairly thick and shrubby. It has the typical sweet jasmine scent produced by pure white, star-shaped flowers that each are only 1-inch wide and blooms for 24 hours. Jasmine tea is made from the flowers of this species.
- Botanical name: Jasminum sambac
- Common names: Philippine jasmine, pikake, Arabian jasmine, sacred jasmine, Asian jasmine, sampaguita
- Native area: South and Southeast Asia
- USDA zones: 9 to 11
- Height: 6 to 10 feet tall
08 of 10
This is a twining or sprawling vine with glossy leaves. It can be trained onto a trellis or other support or pruned into a hedge.
Continue to 9 of 10 below.
- Botanical name: Jasminum simplicifolium subsp. australiense. It may also be listed as Jasminum volubile.
- Common names: Wax jasmine, Australian wax jasmine, stiff jasmine
- Native area: Australia
- USDA zones: 8b to 11
- Height: 5 feet tall as a shrub, can be over 30 feet long as a vine
09 of 10
Winter jasmine is a medium-sized deciduous shrub with long arching branches. Bright yellow 1-inch flowers appear in early spring. It works well as a ground-cover on slopes or to cover retaining walls.
- Botanical name: Jasminum nudiflorum
- Common names: Hardy jasmine, winter jasmine
- Native area: China
- USDA zones: 6 to 10
- Height: 6 to 15 feet
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This evergreen (or semi-evergreen in cooler climates) produces clusters of deep yellow blooms from spring through summer. It makes a great low evergreen groundcover or hedge, or it can be used to cascade over a fence or wall. It grows relatively slowly and is resistant to drought and pests.
- Botanical name: Jasminum fruticans. It may also be called Jasminum odoratissimum or Jasminum floridum
- Common names: Wild jasmine, yellow jasmine, fruity jasmine, sweetest jasmine, shrubby jasmine, Florida jasmine, hardy yellow jasmine
- Native area: Southern Europe
- USDA zones: 6b to 11
- Height: 10 to 12 feet tall