Color, along with form, line, texture, and scale, is one of the basic elements of landscape design. In the pictures below, you will find examples of how to put color theory into practice in your landscaping. An effective landscape color scheme can compensate for many a landscape design flaw. Treat the following information as a source of ideas for combining colors effectively in your own landscaping.
Red, orange, and yellow are considered "warm" colors.
The effect of reds, oranges, and yellows on our senses is to excite. If you need a little "pick-me-up" in the morning to ready yourself for the day ahead, maybe a window box such as the one in the picture above is just what you need to see when you gaze outside your bedroom window.
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Example of a Cool Color: a Dark Iris
While red, yellow and orange are warm colors (see prior photo), blue and purple are "cool" colors.
As such, they are perfectly suited for meditation gardens, for instance. After gazing into the rich color of this purple iris for a while, who would not begin to relax a bit? Flowers this dark are also sometimes classified as "black flowers." Consult this detailed resource on iris flowers to learn more about this type of plant.Continue to 2 of 13 below.
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Red Canna Flowers Are Natural Attention-Grabbers
Flowers with warm colors, such as red flowers, can be used to draw the eye to a particular spot in the yard that you wish to call attention to.
Red cannas, for instance, will draw the eye to a house-number marker or a driveway entrance.Continue to 3 of 13 below.
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Disguising an Eyesore
The cement-block wall of this house is not especially attractive.
But the homeowners have done such a good job of front-planting it with colorful plants that you are hardly aware of the wall. All of your attention is focused on the warm colors of the flowers.Continue to 4 of 13 below.
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Landscape Color Picks up Color on House
Unlike in the prior photo, in the photo here, the function of the plant colors is not to draw attention away from a house feature.
On the contrary, the flower colors of two of the prominent plants in this landscape pick up the color of the shutters.Continue to 5 of 13 below.
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Color Scheme in a Rock Garden
The rocks in this rock garden bear a reddish color. Accordingly, the builder selected rock garden plant material that he felt would work well with red.Continue to 6 of 13 below.
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Green and Red Shrubs
Red and green lie across from each other on the color wheel. Color theory tells us that juxtaposing such colors provides contrast. But you do not have to rely on color theory for this conclusion. Just look at the example above. The fall-foliage red of the burning bush hedge stands out nicely from the green of the creeping juniper ground cover in the foreground.Continue to 7 of 13 below.
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Yellow and Purple Flowers
As in the prior photo, the photo here shows an example where a color-contrast was employed. In this case, it is yellow (with yellow alyssum ground cover) and purple (with grape hyacinth spring bulb plants).Continue to 8 of 13 below.
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Flowers for Window Boxes
Like red-green and yellow-purple, orange-blue is a combination that provides a direct color contrast.
But in the photo above, the contrast is toned down some. Instead of blue, an annual flower (petunia) with a light purple color was chosen to stand next to the orange flowers (lantana).Continue to 9 of 13 below.
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Factor in the Color of Your Mulch
When selecting mulch, consider, among other things, how the mulch's color will work with the accompanying plants. For 'Golden Sunshine' Spirea, many would feel that the reddish mulches are a good match (as is black mulch). An option with similar leaf color is 'Gold Mound' spirea.
Note, though, that some gardeners harbor a strong aversion to red-colored mulch. Instead of factoring mulch into their landscape color schemes, they prefer a natural-looking mulch color that will recede into the background.Continue to 10 of 13 below.
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Mulches of different colors can be used to play off each other. With the red bark mulch and the gray stone mulch used in conjunction, this area is more attractive than it would be if covered with just one or the other mulch.Continue to 11 of 13 below.
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Gold Plants, Blue Hardscape
You are not limited to plants and mulch when implementing a landscape color scheme.
In this area of the yard, the homeowner was aiming for a gold-blue landscape color scheme. The ceramic planter shown in the photo helped with the blue component. The gold plant installed in the planter is creeping jenny.Continue to 12 of 13 below.
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A mailbox tends to stick out like a sore thumb. So if your mailbox is going to usurp the role of a focal point, you might as well treat it as one. With its colorful harvest scene, this mailbox is an attractive element at the head of the driveway.Continue to 13 of 13 below.
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Focal Points, Other Landscaping Visual Cues: Line
We move on now to the landscape design concept known as "line."
Think of straight lines as "no-nonsense" elements in your landscaping. Compared to curved lines, straight lines direct eye movement more quickly and more forcefully to a point in the landscape to which you wish to draw attention. Curved lines are more relaxed and relaxing, and they are especially appropriate where a more naturalistic feel is desired (nature abhors a straight line).
In addition to "getting to the point" and being more forceful, straight lines can also accentuate the length of an area. This could be a useful trick to know—for retail businesses, for instance. An example is provided in the photo above. To the viewer's eye, the straight line of the tulip bulb plant border between the road and this business stretches off quite impressively into the distance, suggesting a large, thriving establishment to passersby. The fact that the tulips are red (a "warm" color) makes this border even more effective as an attention grabber.