Liverleaf Plant Profile

Liverleaf provides a splash of color in your garden in early spring

liverleaf plant

The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

Liverleaf (Hepatica nobilis) is an early-blooming, low-maintenance perennial wildflower from the buttercup family. Its delicate little flowers are most commonly a bright blue or lavender, but they also come in white or pink shades.

They only have one flower per stem, but each plant can have several stems, and they form in clumps.

These delicately scented, low-growing flowers thrive in damp, lush forest floors. Once established, they're hardy and will usually provide a lovely splash of color for many springs to come. The leaves are present on the plant throughout their dormant period and provide bronze shades in your garden during the winter.

Liverleaf is a good option for growing at the base of trees, in rock garden crevices, or in a forested or damp section of a garden, where other plants may struggle.

They also brighten up your garden in advance of when most of the rest of your plants will begin to bloom. The flowers tend to appear during February and March.

Although they cope well in shady conditions, the flowers open to their fullest when they have access to decent sunlight.

Botanical Name Hepatica nobilis
Common Name Liverleaf, Liverwort, Hepatica
Plant Type Perennial
Mature Size Up to 5 inches
Sun Exposure Full Sun/Partial Shade
Soil Type Tolerates a variety
Soil pH Preference for alkaline, but tolerates a variety
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color Blue and violet
Hardiness Zones 5 to 8
Native Area Europe, Asia and North America
liverleaf plant

The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

closeup of liverleaf

The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

closeup of liverleaf flower

The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

How to Grow Liverleaf

Liverleaf is an easy-to-grow, self-propagating flower. It can thrive in a variety of different light and soil conditions and copes with little maintenance or attention.

Doing best in moist conditions, it manages well even if your garden has particularly heavy soil.


Given that this plant is commonly found in a woodland setting, it shouldn't come as a surprise that it copes well with shade and partial shade lighting.

In the spring, the flowers will look their most impressive if they do receive some direct sunlight. But, in hot conditions during the summer, too much sunlight isn't beneficial.


Liverleaf loves rich, moist soil conditions, but it can cope in a variety of types. Although it has a preference for well-drained soils, this plant can still do well in damp conditions.


This isn't a drought-resistant plant. It does best in consistently moist soils. If you have a dry spell, you will need to water the plant, and mulching can help to retain this moisture.

Be careful, however, not to overwater. If it's always left in standing water, your Liverleaf could die.

Temperature and Humidity

These flowers can cope with a range of temperatures, although they do prefer humid, rather than dry, conditions.


Because Liverleaf does best in rich, organic soil, it may benefit from an annual enrichment with a compost that has had the chance to decompose considerably. Mulching with a layer of leaves can also help to enrich the soil.

Propagating Liverleaf

These clump-forming plants can be propagating by division soon after they have flowered in the spring.

You should be aware that Liverleaf is slow to establish from division. They benefit from at least six months in pots to establish the roots before replanting into the ground.

Growing From Seeds

Because Liverleaf is a slow-growing plant, it can take up to a year to fully establish. Most seedlings sown in the summer germinate the following spring.

If you're collecting seeds from your own garden, this should be done in the summer when they're green and ripe. Those found in woodland areas may not take as successfully as those bought from a nursery.

When you sow seeds that you retrieved from your own garden, don't forget that these will only produce the same color of flowers as you already have. If you're looking for different shades, you'll need to buy these or locate wild varieties elsewhere.

You can sow them straight away in a rich sowing compost positioned in a shady cold frame. If they're left to dry out, then you'll need to put them through a cold stratification process for around three weeks first.

By planting in the summer, it'll give your Liverleaf the best chance to get established before the temperatures drop. Plus the nutrients collected during this time will mean the first bloom is likely to be more impressive.

These plants will benefit from being grown indoors or in a greenhouse for their first winter, and the soil should always be kept moist.