Low-Fire Glaze Recipes

Here are some low-fire glaze recipes from lower temperature to higher. Firing range is given in cones. Remember that percentages are by weight, not volume. Also, mix glaze batches using distilled water. Do small batches and test them whenever you are trying out a new glaze.
  • 01 of 15

    1-2-3 Waxy Matte, Cone 012-09

    Teacher and student in pottery class
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    Note that this glaze does not add up to 100%. Rather, it is using the old "parts" system where parts, or portions, are of equal weight.

    • Gerstley borate* 30 * if using a G.B. substitute, adjust for ratio as needed
    • Kaolin 20
    • Silica oxide 10
  • 02 of 15

    Curdle Blue, Cone 012-09

    Caution: Poisonous Raw Materials

  • 03 of 15

    Cone 07 Cobalt Purple

    Caution: Poisonous Raw Materials

    • Soda ash 15.2
    • Boric acid 60.6
    • Magnesium carbonate 7.6
    • Silica oxide 15.2
    • Cobalt oxide 1.5
  • 04 of 15

    Colemanite Liner, Cone 06

    • Feldspar 56.7
    • Colemanite 25.8
    • Zinc oxide 8.9
    • Silica oxide 3.1
    • Tin oxide 5.5
    Continue to 5 of 15 below.
  • 05 of 15

    Cone 06 Clear

    Caution: Poisonous Raw Materials

    • Soda ash 30
    • Lithium carbonate 9
    • Kaolin 22
    • Silica oxide 39
  • 06 of 15

    Cone 05 Base

    • Gerstley borate 65
    • Kaolin 15
    • Silica oxide 20
    • *** For blue against brown patterning, add 4% rutile, 1% cobalt oxide
    • *** For bright green against light brown, add 6% rutile, 1% copper carbonate
  • 07 of 15

    Cone 05 Matte

    • Gerstley borate 58.3
    • Kaolin 2.9
    • Silica oxide 38.8
    • *** For orange matte, add 4% rutile, 5% tin
    • *** For yellow-green matte, add 5% rutile, 2% copper carbonate
  • 08 of 15

    Cone 05 Matte II

    • Gerstley borate* 53 * if using a G.B. substitute, adjust for ratio as needed
    • Calicium carbonate 6.9
    • Zinc oxide 5.5
    • Kaolin 8.9
    • Silica oxide 25.7
    • *** For a brownish yellow-green with brown flecks, add 5% rutile, 2% copper carbonate
    Continue to 9 of 15 below.
  • 09 of 15

    Cone 05-03 Marble Green Matte

    Caution: Poisonous Raw Materials; Not for Use on Dinnerware.

  • 10 of 15

    Cone 04 Iron Black

    Caution: Poisonous Raw Materials

    • Nepheline syenite 35.6
    • Lithium carbonate 7.6
    • Calicium carbonate 10
    • Bentonite 1.2
    • Red iron oxide 19.2
    • Silica oxide 26.4
  • 11 of 15

    Cone 04 Leadless Transparent

    Caution: Poisonous Raw Materials; Not for Use on Dinnerware.

    • Nepheline syenite 45
    • Barium carbonate 6
    • Colemanite 10
    • Georgia kaolin 4
    • Zinc oxide 5
    • Silica oxide 10
  • 12 of 15

    Cone 04 Marked Glaze

    • Volcanic ash 47.2
    • Calcium carbonate 8.3
    • Gerstley borate 44.5
    • *** add 2% bentonite
    Continue to 13 of 15 below.
  • 13 of 15

    Cone 04 Patterned

    Caution: Poisonous Raw Materials

    • Gerstley borate 35.9
    • Volcanic ash 48.5
    • Boric Acid 15.6
    • *** add 2% bentonite
  • 14 of 15

    Cone 04 Satin Matte

    Caution: Poisonous Raw Materials

    • Barium carbonate 5.8
    • Lithium carbonate 10
    • Calcium carbonate 9.8
    • Zinc oxide 9.8
    • Kaolin 22.4
    • Silica oxide 42.2
    • *** For bright yellow-green, add 5% red iron oxide
    • *** For deep yellow-green, add 3% copper carbonate
    • *** For light gray-brown, add 3% chrome oxide
  • 15 of 15

    Cone 04 Clear

    Caution: Poisonous Raw Materials

    • Nepheline syenite 75
    • Lithium carbonate 25
    • *** add 2% bentonite