Use Needlefelt Techniques to Make a Poseable Miniature Cat

  • 01 of 15

    Make a Poseable Needlefelted Miniature Cat

    Poseable dollhouse scale needlefelt black cat stands beside a Halloween pumpkin
    Poseable needlefelted black cat in dollhouse miniature scale beside a Halloween pumpkin. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    Needle felt cats for miniature scenes using wool, or silk roving over a frame of pipe cleaners. Like the needlefelt miniature raccoon and needle felted miniature dog the cats can be made using simple to learn easy needle felting techniques. As breeds of cats can have quite different shapes, it is important to have a photo of your desired cat in front of you as you work.

    The tutorial that follows on the next pages (navigate with the 'next' button, or through the numbered page links at the...MORE bottom of this section) shows a short haired black cat for Halloween, but, you can add longer coats to your cats, and vary the colors of their coats, using the techniques shown in the instructions for making a miniature needle felt raccoon.

    Needlefelting is an easy, repetitive technique, and making a cat from beginning to end takes only a few hours. After you attempt your first cat, try another, slightly different pose or breed to develop your technique. If you want to explore making other animals the book, Little Felted Animals, has instructions for birds, dogs, sheep, foxes and other animals in roughly 1:6 scale.

    Note: The pumpkin shown in the photo with the cat is made from papier mache over a plastic bag. Make Miniature Pumpkins from Tissue Paper

    Continue to 2 of 15 below.
  • 02 of 15

    Materials Used to Make a Miniature Needlefelted Cat

    Materials used to make a miniature needlefelted cat
    Needles, needlefelting pad, wool roving, glass eyes, scissors, pipe cleaner and ruler used to make a miniature needlefelted cat. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    To make miniature cats, the animal's coats and head are made by needle felting roving (unspun fiber, usually wool, mohair or silk). A felting needle is pushed straight up and down with a punching motion through a ball or mat of fiber, set on a foam pad or mat. The action of the felting needle pulls the fibers together. Wherever you insert the needle it will compact the fiber, sculpting it into shape. If you felt an area a lot, it will make hard, compacted items. If you felt it less, it will...MORE create softer, less dense sculptures.

    The technique is easy (and repetitive). If you make a mistake and pack your fibers too tightly you can remove some then refelt, or add more to build out your shape.

    To Make a Miniature Needle Felted Cat You Will Need:


    • Roving or unspun fiber - in your choice of colors. For a 1:12 scale cat like the one shown, you will need less than an ounce of wool roving. Most yarn stores sell roving for felting in a wider range of colors. Costume suppliers and doll making suppliers usually have mohair roving for dolls hair or actors beards and moustaches. If necessary you can use card or tease wool fibers from old sweaters or yarn and use it for felting.
    • Pipe Cleaners - A 1:12 scale cat uses a single pipe cleaner as a body frame, fibers on pipe cleaners make it easier to catch the wool roving. If you don't have pipe cleaners, use wire, something around 24 gauge should be fine.
    • Needle Felting Mat - or piece of thick foam to protect the surface you are working on and help keep your needles from breaking.
    • Felting Needles - Medium, fine, and extra fine felting needles give you a good range for fine shaping. These are very sharp long needles with notches up the shaft, which pull and mat fibres together. They are available from yarn suppliers who sell felting materials and are also available online. I use sizes 38, 40 and 42 for miniature animals. If you intend to work only with wool, sizes 36, 38 and 40 are also suitable.
    • Photo Of A Cat - A photo or live model in front of you makes it easier to get the correct shape for your needlefelted animal.
    • Glass or Polymer Clay Eyes or Beads - I used cats eyes made using polymer clay from the technique used to make miniature eyeballs. My cats eyes were made with a striped mix of green and yellow clay, mixed with transparent clay and wraped around a core of black for the pupil. This simple cane was then wrapped with a thin layer of green, and a thin layer of white. For toys which may be handled by children, use simple felt eyes made from scraps needlefelted into place.
    • Sharp Scissors - to trim the cat's coat to shape.
    • Wire Cutters and Tweezers - to cut and bend eye wires and pipe cleaners into shape.
    • Ruler - to measure body frame parts.


    Continue to 3 of 15 below.
  • 03 of 15

    Make the Body Frame for Your Needlefelted Cat

    Three sections of pipe cleaner are wrapped around each other to make a miniature cat body frame.
    Three sections of pipe cleaner are twisted together to make the body frame for a miniature needlefelted cat. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    Start making your miniature needlefelted cat by cutting the body parts. I cut three pipe cleaner sections which were slight variations of 1 3/4 inches long. The longest section is used for the cat's body, wrapped around the next longest section for the back legs leaving a roughly 1/4 inch stub to hold the tail, and wrapped around the final section which forms the cat's front legs, leaving a slight stub for the neck as shown.

    Continue to 4 of 15 below.
  • 04 of 15

    Begin Covering the Miniature Cat's Body

    Wool roving fiber is wrapped around the pipe cleaner frame of a miniature cat and needlefelted.
    Wool roving is wrapped around the body frame or a miniature cat and needlefelted into the pipe clearers. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    Basic Needlefelting Technique

    Felting needles break easily so always work straight up and down,and do not force the needle. The needles must be pushed in far enough for the jagged edges of the needle to catch the fibres, you need to poke more than the tip of the needle through the roving.

    Start felting your miniature cat, by taking the body frame and laying it flat on your felting mat or pad. Take a group of fibres from your wool or silk roving to form your cat's coat. Roll the fibers slightly...MORE to make them into a loose yarn.

    Wrap the Legs - Run a bit of your loose yarn down the bottom 1/4 inch of the cat's leg and over the bottom end of the pipe cleaner. Bring the yarn back up the leg, wrapping it around the leg and the bit of yarn you ran down the leg and over the leg end. around the leg, over the yarn you laid around the bottom of the leg. Continue to wrap over the other legs in the same way, then wrap around the body.

    Begin to work your felting needle through the yarn wrapping the body, gently working it through the edges of the yarn wrapped around the legs and body, turning the body over and working from the other side, then working from the edges in against the legs. If you need to see more photographs of this step, refer to the instructions for making a miniature dog, or making a miniature raccoon, which show the same leg and body wrapping technique.

    Continue to 5 of 15 below.
  • 05 of 15

    Make a Needlefelted Tail for a Miniature Cat

    A twisted strand of roving is needlefelted in place to shape a tail for a miniature cat.
    A twisted strand of wool roving is felted to make the tail for a miniature cat. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    To make a needlefelted tail for a miniature cat, roll a loose strand of threads roughly the length of your cat's body, or slightly longer. Make sure the roll is larger (thicker) than the tail you want for your cat, it should be roughly 1/3 thicker than the size you want your tail. Use your felting needle and work it up and down along the length of the tail, turning or rolling the tail as you felt. Leave the thickest end of the tail unfelted as the point where you will attach the tail to the...MORE needlefelted cat.

    Continue to 6 of 15 below.
  • 06 of 15

    Attach the Tail To Your Needlefelt Cat Body

    A tail is needlefelted to a pipe cleaner stub on a miniature needlefelted cat body.
    The tail is needlefelted to the stub of pipe cleaner left behind the back legs of the miniature cat body. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    When your tail is roughly the correct shape and length, spread out the fibers at the base of the tail and use your needle to felt the fibers to the stub of pipecleaner that you left for the base of your cat's tail. Work the fibers all around the pipe cleaner to cover it. If necessary, wrap extra roving around the base of the tail and needlefelt it in place with the pipe cleaner fully covered.

    You should be able to pose your cat's tail up, down, or curved to the side of the body for a...MORE sitting or laying cat.

    Don't worry about finishing the tail, you will trim it to its final shape when you trim the rest of the body.

    Continue to 7 of 15 below.
  • 07 of 15

    Roughly Fill Out the Miniature Cat's Body

    A needlefelted cat body with tail.
    Wool roving is felted in place to completely cover the body of a miniature needlefelted cat. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    With the tail in place, continue to work your needles through the body of the miniature cat, using finer needles to shape the legs and the main body to the shape you want. As mine is a miniature black cat for Halloween, I am keeping my cat on the thin side.

    As you work on the body shape, try to keep the paws slightly thicker than the legs, by working more through the legs above the paws, than through the paws. Work your needle all around the legs, flipping the body over every once in a while to...MORE felt the other side.

    Continue to 8 of 15 below.
  • 08 of 15

    Make a Needlefelted Ball for the Miniature Cat's Head

    Shaping a felt ball for the head of a needlefelted cat.
    A ball of wool roving is needlefelted into a head for a miniature cat. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    Start the head of your miniature cat by rolling a group of roving fibers into a loose ball between the palms of your hands. The ball will be about 1 inch in diameter for a 1:12 scale cat depending on the breed of cat you are making.

    Lay your ball on your felting foam or mat, and start pushing your coarsest needle through the ball to felt it. I used a # 38 needle to start to form the cat's head.

    Poke the needle through the ball in a straight up and down motion (watch out for your fingers the...MORE needles are sharp and jagged!) These needles break easily so always work straight up and down. The needles must be pushed in far enough to catch the fibres in the cut edges of the needle, you need to poke more than the tip of the needle through the roving fibers. As you felt, keep one side of your ball unfelted, that will be the neck where you will attached the head to the body.

    When you have the head ball roughly the size you need, begin to shape it to a slight point on one side away from the neck where the cat's nose will be.

    Continue to 9 of 15 below.
  • 09 of 15

    Make and Add the Ears to the Miniature Cat's Head

    Making ears for a miniature needlefelted cat
    Ears are made from small flat sections of needlefelt, trimmed and attached at the base to the top back of the miniature cat's head. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    To make ears, felt a rough 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch flat section of fleece. When it is thoroughly felted on both sides (and still thin and flat), use your scissors to cut two small pointed ears. Try to match them closely for size. If you wish, depending on the breed of cat you are making, you can use a different color to outline the ears or add a different color to one side to color the inner ear.

    When you have the ears the right size and shape, attach them to your miniature cat's head. To attach...MORE your ears to the head, place the ear on the top of the head at the back of the head, and carefully use your needle to punch through the base of the ear and into the head fleece. Be careful not to poke your fingers! Felt the ear securely in place at the ear's base. If it is not facing the correct direction, turn it with your fingers and continue to work the needle through the ear until you are happy with its position.

    Continue to 10 of 15 below.
  • 10 of 15

    Shape the Needlefelted Cat's Face

    Shaping the face of a miniature needlefelted cat with a felting needle.
    With the ears attached a felting needle is used to sculpt a face for a miniature cat. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    With the ears in place, begin to shape the cat's face, by working the finest felting needle through the area where the eyes will sit, roughly 1/3 of the way down from the top of the head. Work the needle carefully around the face at the eye level, to push the face in making a shelf for the nose below the eyes. The way you shape the cat's head will be determined partially by the breed of cat you are trying to make. Persians for example have much flatter faces than many other breeds.

    Try to...MORE keep a slighly rounded nose just below the eyes. You may want to needlefelt a line for the mouth below the nose.

    If you need to mark or felt the mouth open, you can add a tiny pink tongue or a line of pink to mark the line of the mouth. See the instructions on the miniature needlefelt raccoon, for how to add lines to the face.

    Continue to 11 of 15 below.
  • 11 of 15

    Check the Size of the Miniature Cat's Head Against The Body

    The needlefelted head of a miniature cat is checked against the body for size.
    The roughly shaped head of the miniature needlefelted cat is checked against the body for size. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    When you have your cat's head, roughly finished in shape, check that the size is correct by laying the head in position at the end of the body.

    If the head is too big - keep felting it to make it smaller. The more you felt any area the smaller and denser that area will become.

    If the head is too small - take small balls of fiber and add them to areas of the head to build it out to the correct size and shape.

    Continue to 12 of 15 below.
  • 12 of 15

    Finish the Miniature Cat's Face With Eyes, Nose and Whiskers

    Finished face of a miniature needlefelted cat, with ears, eyes, nose and whiskers
    The eyes, nose, ears and whiskers of a miniature needlefelted cat are added before the head is attached to the cat body. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    Finish the head of your miniature cat by adding eyes, nose and whiskers.

    Add Eyes - The eyes can be small glass eyes on wires, purchased from teddy bear suppliers. If you use these, you can follow the instructions shown for the miniature needlefelted dog, to add the eyes after the head is positioned on the body.

    If you are going to use polymer clay eyes made with slanted pupils, and very little white, you can glue them in place in recesses you felt into the head.

    Add a Nose - you can form a nose...MORE from a small ball of colored thread and felt it onto the face. For the nose on my cat I felted a ball of fine black silk ,then added a touch of acrylic glaze to the thread after it was felted in place, to make the nose look a bit wet.

    Add Whiskers - To add whiskers, gather up some fine thread into a line and felt it to the cat's face just below and on either side of the nose. I used fine silk fibers for my cat's whiskers. You can also use fine fishing line sewn through the cat's face, or fine thread felted in place.

    Continue to 13 of 15 below.
  • 13 of 15

    Needlefelt the Cat Head To the Body

    The cat head is needlefelted at the neck to the body of a miniature needlefelt cat.
    With the body laid flat, the head is needlefelted to the neck stub on the body of the miniature needlefelted cat. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    When the head of your needlefelted cat is the shape you want, lay the unfelted fibers at the neck area along the stump of the pipe cleaner you left for the base of the neck on the body. Carefully felt the head in place on the body, making sure you felt all around the neck area. If necessary, wrap a loosely twisted roll of fibers around the neck of the cat and felt them in place over the join between the head and the needlefelted body. Make sure your head is not twisted or felted into an awkward...MORE position.

    Continue to 14 of 15 below.
  • 14 of 15

    Trim and Shape the Rough Body of the Needlefelted Cat

    The rough body of a needlefelted miniature cat is trimmed before final shaping is added.
    The rough body of a miniature needlefelted cat is trimmed with scissors before final details are added. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    Use fine sharp scissors to trim away any spare hairs from the body of your needlefelted cat. Take care not to cut too deeply into the felting, you are only attempting to trim away the loose hairs to make sure the cat has a neat, well defined shape. After you have trimmed your cat to shape, add extra felt into any areas where your cat's coat is too thin (where the pipe cleaners show through) or where your cat needs a bit of extra shaping. I usually find I need to add a bit of round shaping to...MORE the top of the cat's hips.

    Making Cats with Long Fur - If you want to make a long haired cat, trim the cat's head and body to make sure they are the correct shape and finish, then lay sections of hair over the body, beginning at the lower legs, and felt the sections in place at the top of the fibers, leaving long sections hanging free. See the instructions for adding the final coat to the miniature needlefelted raccoon and follow the same method for a long haired cat.

    Continue to 15 of 15 below.
  • 15 of 15

    Give Your Needlefelted Cat a Final Trim and Treatment

    Needlefelted black cat sits beside a dollhouse doll.
    A miniature needlefelt black cat sits beside a dollhouse doll. Photo © 2011 Lesley Shepherd

    When your needlefelted cat is finished to your satisfaction and has a nice even trim, you can finish the coat with a number of hair product. A light coating of hair spray or foam mousse will keep the coat neat and give it a bit of a natural gloss if that suits your particular cat breed. Try to set your cat in a pose before you add a bit of hair spray or foam mousse. Don't add too much spray. It may attract dust if it remains tacky, and it may also dry out the wool you used to make the...MORE miniature.

    If you can't get your cat to sit in the pose you want don't despair. Every creation is different and as artisans will tell you, each project develops its own personality. Your cat may decide it doesn't like laying down. You may have to work out why it adapts the pose that seems to suit it, and make adjustments to your next miniature to get it to pose the way you want. Remember that the first animal of any breed you make with the needlefelt technique is really a prototype to help you refine your techniques. Have fun!