01 of 09
Make Miniature Seashells from Polymer or Air Dry Clay
While you can collect many shells in tiny sizes, if you live far from the sea or are concerned about the collection of real shells, you can make realistic shells for miniature and dollhouse projects using polymer clay. The shells don't take very much time to make, and you can make them in sizes to decorate miniature driftwood wreaths, mermaids mirrors or other beach or sea themed projects. They work well with the miniature seaweed and can be used for specialized projects like decorating dol...lhouse miniature cupcakes or wedding cakes. There are 3D nail art shell molds available to make miniature shells. These can be used with a variety of materials, including polymer clay if a resist layer is used. The shapes and sizes are limited, but often useful for standard dollhouse miniatures.
If this is your first attempt at modelling with polymer clay, read the basic information on polymer clay before proceeding. Practise safe handling of the clay and use tools which are used only for modelling or working with craft materials (not food materials!)
Materials Used to Make Miniature Seashells
To make the miniature seashells you will need white and transparent polymer clay, as well as paints and finishes to add color to the finished shells. You may also need a bit of waste clay to shape a shell form for hinged shells. I used watercolor and acrylic paints mixed with acrylic varnish and matte varnish to detail the finished shells. I also used some Pearl Ex pigments mixed with the varnish and mixed into the polymer clay to add a mother of pearl sheen.
The tools I used to shape the shells included clay cleaning tools, ball ended embossing tools and a fine beading needle or pin. You will also need a tinfoil pan or tile to bake your miniature shells. You may want some baking soda on the pan to prevent the clay from glazing where it touches the smooth baking surface.
If you use a shell form to help you shape your shells, you will need a resist; cornstarch or talcum powder, to prevent your clay from sticking to the form.
Continue to 2 of 9 below.
02 of 09
Polymer Clay Blend for Miniature Seashells
To make miniature seashells from polymer clay I use a blend of roughly 4 parts white to 1 part translucent (porcelain) clay. The translucent helps to make the white clay easier to shape and also allows you to thin the clay out at the shell lips if you wish.
You can add pearl ex powders to the clay to color it if you want to make shells which have a deeper color (mussel shells for example). For shells which are basically white with lines of color, it is easier to apply color to the details after... the polymer clay has cured.Continue to 3 of 9 below.
03 of 09
Make a Shell Form for Bivalve (Hinged) Shells
If you want to make a range of hinged or 'bivalve' shells llke oysters, mussels, clams, it is easiest to first make a form to shape the clay over. The same form can be used to shape most bivalve shells.
I made my form from waste green clay, by rolling out a teardrop shape and curving it slightly to one side. The narrow end of the shape should be slightly lower than the area immediately adjacent to it where the form widens. The lowest end of the shape should be at the widest end of the... shell.
The purple clay shown next to the form is a smaller version of the preliminary shape made for the form. It is a blend of polymer clay and pearl ex powder which will be used to make a miniature mussel shell.
When you have your basic shell form shaped as shown. Cure it by baking it at the correct temperature in an oven and allow it to cool.Continue to 4 of 9 below.
04 of 09
Shape Miniature Clam Shells from Polymer Clay
The miniature clam shell is shaped by draping a thin "pancake" of the shell colored clay over the narrow end of your shell form after first coating the form with a light dusting of talcum powder or corn starch to prevent the shell clay from sticking to the form. The clay is trimmed to the clam shell shape while on the form, and basic concentric rings centered on the end of the shell can be marked in place with a fine pin or beading needle. Depending on the type of clam, there may be... upright lines between the rings, or just layers of rings. Consult actual photos of shells for the the most realistic miniatures.
Once you have the shell roughly shaped on the form, trim the outer edges and carefully remove the shell shape taking care not to flatten it. Use a round ended pin or a ball ended embossing tool to press the narrow edges gently down on either side of the point where the shell would hinge. Detail your shell, (see next step) then bake according to your clay directions, placing the shell on a layer of baking soda to prevent it from glazing on the baking surface.
When the shells have cooled, use fine sandpaper to smooth the edges of the shells if necessary.Continue to 5 of 9 below.
05 of 09
Shaping Miniature Scallop and Mussel Shells
Miniature scallop, mussel and oyster shells can also be shaped on your basic shell form.
To Make Miniature Scallops
Roll out a thin pancake of polymer clay on a flat surface. Use a pin or clay shaping tool to trim the distinctive flat hinged end of the scallop shell as shown (or refer to a photo of an actual scallop shell). The shell will layer be detailed with radiating lines leading from the hinged end. Once you have the rough outline of your scallop, lift the shell shape carefully from your... work surface (a polymer clay blade works well) and set it so the shell can be slightly rounded over the shell form (which has first been dusted with talcum or cornstarch). Scallop shells are only gently rounded and many are almost flat. Add details to the scallop shell while it is on the form (to preserve the rounded shape) then carefully remove the scallop shell and set it on your baking surface. Bake, then sand the edges if necessary.
To Make Miniature Mussel Shells
The miniature mussel shells are made by taking a small cone of clay, then flattening it and rounding it slightly on both ends. The clay is then set over the basic shell form (first coated with talcum or cornstarch) as shown. Press the clay over the form to shape it, keeping the shell narrow and deep on the hinged end, broader and shallower at the opening end. Most mussel shells are smooth. Details can be added easily with paint after the shell has been baked and cooled.Continue to 6 of 9 below.
06 of 09
Basic Hinged Shell Shapes Ready for DetailingHere you can see some basic miniature shell shapes ready for final detailing. Take care when smoothing out the clay or adding finishing details that you keep the slightly hollow curved shape of your miniature shells. If necessary, you can set the shell back on the form to finish adding finer details, just dust the form with talcum or corn starch before setting the shell back on the form.
See the next step for information on detailing the shell surfaceContinue to 7 of 9 below.
07 of 09
Adding Detail Lines to Miniature Shells
The final step in making any miniature shell is to add the distinctive growth lines to the shell surface. All bivalve shells add on to the wide end with each year's growth. If possible look at some real examples of the shell you are modelling to see the main lines and ridges of the shell. Use a fine pin or beading needle to add lines and ridges, as well as the growth rings to your shells. Take care not to make the lines too straight, try to gently curve them along the shape of the shell for... the best effect.
For some fine details you may want to use a paint brush to gently shape the surface of the shell. Stiff paintbrushes can be used to add fine lines, experiment to see how your brush affects the surface texture of the clay.Continue to 8 of 9 below.
08 of 09
Making Spiral Sea Shells
Gastropod (snail) shells are the spiralling form of sea shell which has no hinge. There are a wide range of these shells in many colors shapes and sizes. They are easiest to make by making them in two parts. The main opening section of the shell (shown here as a narrow cylinder for this particular shell) is made as a general shape, then the narrowing spiral is added to the wide end of the cylinder. The spiral is made from a narrow roll of clay, which is slightly wider on one end. Begin the... spiral at the narrow end taking care to wide the spiral as you make it larger. You can use an embossing tool to carefully blend the edges of the spiral together on the inside of the shell if necessary.
Fit the finished spiral to the wide end of the main shell body. Use a modelling or embossing tool or brush to blend the join of the spiral to the main shell. Once the sections are joined together, the opening can be cut into the main shell and shaped according to the type of shell your are modelling. Fine detail lines can be added with a beading needle or pin.
Once you have the shape completed and the main details in place, set the shell on a bed of baking soda on your baking surface and bake according to your clay requirements (or allow air dry clay to dry). After the shells are hard, you can add final painted details to highlight the shape of the shell, or add the distinctive colors to the shell.Continue to 9 of 9 below.
09 of 09
Make Miniature Conch Shells
Conch shells, as well as some whelk shells, have interesting spines or protuberances which are very distinctive. To recreate these for miniature shells it is easiest to begin with the basic roll for the upper spiral and the main shell cylinder as you did for other spiral shells. Before you attach the two parts of the shell together, use an embossing tool or other modelling tool to shape the edge of the clay roll (see photo). This shaped roll is laid into a small spiral, keeping the rough edge... facing outward. The top of the main shell can then be detailed with modelling tools after the spiral is attached, to make the shell horns . See photos of real conch shells to make your shell as realistic as possible. As with the other spiral shells, once you have the main shell shape, make the opening and the lip in the shell using modelling tools and or embossing tools to create the rounded edges.
Bake your shells and allow to cool (or dry) then use matte or gloss acrylic varnish and paint to add color or sheen/ gloss to your shell exterior. For some shells you may need to paint distinctive markings on the inner lip or outside sections of the shell. Older 'weathered' shells may be made without any sheen and muted colors to make it look like they have aged naturally on a beach.
Have fun making a range of shells. You can set them in a miniature collectors box for a Victorian naturalist's room, frame them for wall art for modern collections, or use them for beach themed decorations for your miniature scenes.